Berlin, Irving

Berlin, Irving
orig. Israel Baline

born May 11, 1888, Mogilyov, Russia
died Sept. 22, 1989, New York, N.Y., U.S.

U.S. songwriter.

The son of a Russian Jewish cantor, he and his family immigrated to New York City in 1893. He worked as a street singer and singing waiter, then began writing songs. His first published song, "Marie from Sunny Italy," appeared in 1907; a printer's error named him Irving Berlin. In 1911 he wrote the great hit of Tin Pan Alley's ragtime vogue, "Alexander's Ragtime Band." He may have written more than 1,500 songs. Some of his songs include "Cheek to Cheek" and "God Bless America." He scored many successful films; his score for Holiday Inn (1942) introduced "White Christmas," one of the best-selling songs of all time. Altogether Berlin wrote the scores for 19 Broadway shows (including Annie Get Your Gun, 1946) and 18 films.

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▪ American composer
original name  Israel Baline  
born May 11, 1888, Mogilyov, Russia [now in Belarus]
died Sept. 22, 1989, New York, N.Y., U.S.
 American composer who played a leading role in the evolution of the popular song from the early ragtime and jazz eras through the golden age of musicals. His easy mastery of a wide range of song styles, for both stage and motion pictures, made him perhaps the greatest and most enduring of American songwriters.

      Israel was born to the family of a Jewish cantor that immigrated to New York City in 1893. His father died when the boy was eight years old. Having obtained only two years of formal education, he worked as a street singer and a singing waiter in New York's Lower East Side. He began writing song lyrics, and his first published song, "Marie from Sunny Italy," appeared in 1907; a printer's error on this song named him Irving Berlin, a surname that he subsequently kept. Berlin continued his writing and within a few years was a successful “song plugger,” demonstrating new tunes. He was unable to read or write musical notation and learned music by ear instead. He began writing his own music as well as lyrics, and in 1911 he wrote what quickly became the preeminent hit of Tin Pan Alley's ragtime vogue, "Alexander's Ragtime Band." His first ballad, "When I Lost You," was written in 1912. Then he began contributing to numerous Broadway revues and musical entertainments, including Florenz Ziegfeld's Follies. In 1919 he founded the Irving Berlin Music Corporation to publish his own music.

      Through the following decades Berlin wrote the scores for several musicals, one of his most popular being Annie Get Your Gun (1946; film, 1950). He wrote more than 800 songs, many of which became classics, including "Oh, How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning," "A Pretty Girl Is like a Melody," "Always" (written in 1925 as a wedding present for his second wife), "Remember," " Cheek to Cheek," "How Deep Is the Ocean," "Blue Skies," "Puttin' on the Ritz," the patriotic standard "God Bless America," "Heat Wave," and "There's No Business like Show Business." In the era of big motion-picture musicals, Berlin was able to transfer his stage success to the screen, writing the scores for many successful films, including Top Hat (1935), Follow the Fleet (1936), Easter Parade (1948), Call Me Madam (1953), and White Christmas (1954). His score for the film Holiday Inn (1942) introduced the touching ballad “White Christmas,” which became one of the most popular songs ever recorded. Altogether Berlin wrote the scores for 19 Broadway shows and 18 motion pictures.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Berlin,Irving — Berlin, Irving. Originally Israel Baline. 1888 1989. Russian born American songwriter who wrote more than 1,500 songs, including “Alexander s Ragtime Band” (1911), and several musical comedies, such as Top Hat (1935) and Annie Get Your Gun (1946) …   Universalium

  • Berlin, Irving — orig. Israel Baline (11 may. 1888, Mogilyov, Rusia–22 sep. 1989, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Irving Berlin, compositor estadounidense. Compositor estadounidense. Hijo de un solista litúrgico judío ruso, emigró con su familia a Nueva York en 1893.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Berlin, Irving — (1888 1989)    Born Israel Isidore Baline in Russia, Berlin’s family moved to the United States in 1893 and settled in New York’s Lower East Side. He was forced to work from an early age and did a variety of casual jobs, including being a singing …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Berlin, Irving — pseud. di Baline, Israel …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Berlin, Irving (Balin, Israel) — (1888 1989)    American songwriter. Born in Tumen, Siberia, he was the son of a cantor. His family went to the US, and he founded his own music publishing company. He composed more than 1000 songs and wrote songs for numerous films as well as… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Irving Berlin — Fotografía de 1948 Nombre de nacimiento Israel Isidore Baline Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Irving Berlin — (1948) Irving Berlin (eigentlich Israel Isidore Beilin oder Baline; * 29. Apriljul./ 11. Mai 1888greg. im Russischen Kaiserreich; † 22. September 1989 in New York) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berlin — /beuhr lin / for 1, 2; /berr lin/ for 3, 4; for 2 also Ger. /berdd leen /, n. 1. Irving, born 1888, U.S. songwriter. 2. the capital of Germany, in the NE part: constitutes a state. 3,121,000; 341 sq. mi. (883 sq. km.). Formerly (1948 90) divided… …   Universalium

  • Irving Berlin — noun United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888 1989) • Syn: ↑Berlin, ↑Israel Baline • Instance Hypernyms: ↑songwriter, ↑songster, ↑ballad maker * * * Ir …   Useful english dictionary

  • Irving — /err ving/, n. 1. Sir Henry (John Henry Brodribb), 1838 1905, English actor. 2. Washington, 1783 1859, U.S. essayist, story writer, and historian. 3. a city in NE Texas, near Dallas. 109,943. 4. a male given name. * * * I City (pop., 2000:… …   Universalium

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