Berlin West Africa Conference


Berlin West Africa Conference
(1884–85) Series of negotiations at Berlin in which the major European nations met to determine the future of Central Africa.

The participants declared the Congo River basin region to be neutral, guaranteed freedom of trade and shipping for all colonial powers, forbade slave trading, and rejected Portugal's claims to the region.

* * *

▪ European history
      a series of negotiations (Nov. 15, 1884–Feb. 26, 1885) at Berlin, in which the major European nations met to decide all questions connected with the Congo River basin in Central Africa.

      The conference, proposed by Portugal in pursuance of its special claim to control of the Congo estuary, was necessitated by the jealousy and suspicion with which the great European powers viewed one another's attempts at colonial expansion in Africa. The general act of the Conference of Berlin declared the Congo River basin to be neutral (a fact that in no way deterred the Allies from extending the war into that area in World War I); guaranteed freedom for trade and shipping for all states in the basin; forbade slave trading; and rejected Portugal's claims to the Congo River estuary—thereby making possible the founding of the independent Congo Free State, to which Great Britain, France, and Germany had already agreed in principle.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Berlin West Africa Conference —    Also called the Berlin Conference, this meeting of the major European powers was convened in 1884 85 to deal with questions of rivalry and trade and to address territorial claims in Africa made by these same powers. Attended by representatives …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • German South-West Africa — Deutsch Südwestafrika German colony 1884–1915 …   Wikipedia

  • west — /west/, n. 1. a cardinal point of the compass, 90° to the left when facing north, corresponding to the point where the sun is seen to set. Abbr.: W 2. the direction in which this point lies. 3. (usually cap.) a region or territory situated in… …   Universalium

  • West — /west/, n. 1. Benjamin, 1738 1820, U.S. painter, in England after 1763. 2. Mae, 1892? 1980, U.S. actress. 3. Nathanael (Nathan Wallenstein Weinstein), 1902? 40, U.S. novelist. 4. Paul, born 1930, U.S. poet, essayist, and novelist, born in England …   Universalium

  • Africa — /af ri keuh/, n. 1. a continent S of Europe and between the Atlantic and Indian oceans. 551,000,000; ab. 11,700,000 sq. mi. (30,303,000 sq. km). adj. 2. African. * * * I Second largest continent on Earth. It is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea,… …   Universalium

  • berlin — /beuhr lin , berr lin/, n. 1. a large, four wheeled, closed carriage hung between two perches and having two interior seats. 2. Auto. berline. 3. (sometimes cap.) See Berlin wool. [1725 35; after BERLIN, Germany; the carriage was allegedly… …   Universalium

  • Berlin — /beuhr lin / for 1, 2; /berr lin/ for 3, 4; for 2 also Ger. /berdd leen /, n. 1. Irving, born 1888, U.S. songwriter. 2. the capital of Germany, in the NE part: constitutes a state. 3,121,000; 341 sq. mi. (883 sq. km.). Formerly (1948 90) divided… …   Universalium

  • Africa, French in —    The French colonial presence in Africa (aside from Algeria) consisted in two large administrative areas: French west Africa and French Equatorial Africa.    French west Africa, once one of the largest colonial zones in Africa, presently… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • conference — conferential /kon feuh ren sheuhl/, adj. /kon feuhr euhns, freuhns/, n., v., conferenced, conferencing. n. 1. a meeting for consultation or discussion: a conference between a student and his adviser. 2. the act of conferring or consulting… …   Universalium

  • Berlin Conference (1884) — Berlin Conference redirects here. For other uses, see Berlin Conference (disambiguation). The conference of Berlin The Berlin Conference (German: Kongokonferenz or Congo Conference ) of 1884–85 regulated European colonization and trade in Africa… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.