- Bentley, Richard
born Jan. 27, 1662, Oulton, Yorkshire, Eng.died July 14, 1742, Cambridge, CambridgeshireEnglish clergyman and classical scholar.He was appointed Boyle lecturer at Oxford in 1692, became keeper of the Royal Library in 1694, and was named master of Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1700. He displayed his skill in textual emendation and his knowledge of ancient metre in Epistola ad Joannem Millium (1691). In Dissertation on the Epistles of Phalaris (1699), he proved the epistles to be spurious; his dispute with Charles Boyle over their authenticity was satirized by Jonathan Swift in The Battle of the Books (1704). He also published critical texts of classical authors, including Horace, and made linguistic contributions to the study of ancient Greek.
* * *▪ British scholarborn Jan. 27, 1662, Oulton, Yorkshire, Eng.died July 14, 1742, Cambridge, CambridgeshireBritish clergyman, one of the great figures in the history of classical scholarship, who combined wide learning with critical acuteness. Gifted with a powerful and logical mind, he was able to do much to restore ancient texts and to point the way to new developments in textual criticism and scholarship.Bentley was educated at Wakefield Grammar School and St. John's College, Cambridge. In 1689 he made the acquaintance of John Mill at Oxford, who asked him to look through the proof sheets of the Oxford edition of the chronicler John Malalas. The request gave rise to Bentley's Epistola ad Joannem Millium (1691), a short treatise in which his skill in textual emendation and his knowledge of ancient metre were strikingly displayed.Bentley was appointed Boyle lecturer at the University of Oxford in 1692, and in 1694 he became keeper of the Royal Library and fellow of the Royal Society. In 1699 he published his Dissertation upon the Epistles of Phalaris, a work in which he attacked the authenticity of the epistles, bringing all his learning and critical powers to bear in proof of their spuriousness.In 1700 Bentley was chosen master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and in 1717 he became regius professor of divinity. His tenure as master was marked by friction and litigation. His domineering temper and his contemptuous treatment of the fellows led to various attempts to secure his ejection and embroiled him in controversy and feuding for the next 30 years.Through it all, however, Bentley continued his classical studies. He published a critical appendix to John Davies' edition of Cicero's Tusculan Disputations in 1709, and two years later he published an edition of Horace. His later works include an edition of Terence, published in 1726, together with the fables of Aesop and the Sententiae of Publilius Syrus, and in 1739 an edition of Marcus Manilius. On other classical authors, such as Nicander, Plautus, Lucretius, and Lucan, he left notes, which were published after his death. Bentley made a particularly important scholarly contribution through his discovery that a sound (represented in transcriptions of some Greek dialects by the digamma, a letter not used in the modern Greek alphabet) was present in certain Homeric Greek words, though not represented by any letter when the words were written.
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Bentley, Richard — (27 ene. 1662, Oulton, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–14 jul. 1742, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire). Clérigo y académico inglés, experto en letras clásicas. Se le concedió la cátedra Boyle en la Universidad de Oxford en 1692, fue conservador de la Biblioteca… … Enciclopedia Universal
BENTLEY, RICHARD — scholar and philologist, born in Yorkshire; from the first devoted to ancient, especially classical, learning; rose to eminence as an authority on literary criticism, his Dissertation upon the Epistles of Phalaris, which he proved to be a… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Bentley, Richard — (1662 1742) Theologian, scholar, and critic, b. in Yorkshire of humble parentage, went at the age of 14 to Camb., afterwards had charge of a school at Spalding, and then becoming tutor to the s. of Dr. Stillingfleet, Dean of St. Paul s,… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Richard Bentley — (January 27, 1662 ndash; July 14, 1742) was an English theologian, classical scholar and critic. Early life Bentley was born at Oulton near Leeds, West Yorkshire. His grandfather had suffered for the Royalist cause following the English Civil War … Wikipedia
Richard Bentley — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard Bentley Richard Bentley (Oulton, cerca de Wakefield, Yorkshire, 27 de enero de 1662 – 14 de julio de 1742) fue un filólogo, helenista y cronólogo inglés … Wikipedia Español
Richard Bentley — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bentley (homonymie). Richard Bentley Richard Bentley (27 janvier 1662 à Oulton dans le comté d York … Wikipédia en Français
Bentley (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Toponyme 1.1 Australie de l’ouest … Wikipédia en Français
Richard — /ri shahrd /; Fr. /rddee shannrdd /, n. Maurice /maw rees /; Fr. /moh rddees /, ( the Rocket ), born 1921, Canadian hockey player. /rich euhrd/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Allen Richard Arkwright Sir Richard Attlee… … Universalium
Richard — (as used in expressions) Allen, Richard Arkwright, Sir Richard Attlee, Clement (Richard), 1 conde Attlee de Walthamstow Avedon, Richard Ballinger, Richard A(chilles) Barton, Sir Derek H(arold) R(ichard) Bentley, Richard Bonington, Richard Parkes… … Enciclopedia Universal
Richard Bentley — (* 27. Januar 1662 in Oulton bei Leeds, Yorkshire; † 14. Juli 1742 in Cambridge) war ein englischer klassischer Philologe und Textkritiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Jugend und Studienjahre (1662–1689) … Deutsch Wikipedia