Bennett, James Gordon


Bennett, James Gordon
born Sept. 1, 1795, Newmill, Banffshire, Scot.
died June 1, 1872, New York, N.Y., U.S.

Scottish-born U.S. editor.

He immigrated to the U.S. in 1819 and was employed on various newspapers until 1835, when he started The New York Herald. The paper became very successful and introduced many of the methods of modern news reporting. Among other innovations, Bennett published the first Wall Street financial article (1835), established the first correspondents in Europe (1838), maintained a staff of 63 war correspondents during the Civil War, was a leader in using illustrations, introduced a society department, and published the first account in U.S. journalism of a love-nest murder (1836).

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▪ American editor [1795-1872]
born Sept. 1, 1795, Newmill, Banffshire, Scot.
died June 1, 1872, New York, N.Y., U.S.
 Scottish-born American editor who shaped many of the methods of modern journalism.

      Bennett immigrated to America in the spring of 1819 and eventually settled in New York City, where he founded a school, gave lectures on political economy, and did subordinate work for the journals. During the next 10 years he was employed on various papers. He was the Washington, D.C., correspondent of the New York Enquirer and associate editor of the Morning Courier and New York Enquirer, his articles attracting much attention. He founded the short-lived Globe in New York City in 1832, and in 1833–34 he was the chief editor and one of the proprietors of The Pennsylvanian at Philadelphia.

      With a capital of $500 he published on May 6, 1835, the first number of a four-page penny paper bearing the title of The New York Herald and issuing from a cellar. By his industry and sagacity he made the paper a great commercial success. He devoted attention particularly to the gathering of news and was the first to introduce many of the methods of modern news reporting. He published on June 13, 1835, the first Wall Street financial article to appear in any American newspaper; printed a vivid and detailed account of the great fire of December 1835 in New York; was the first, in 1838, to establish correspondents in Europe; was the first, in 1846, to obtain the report in full by telegraph of a long political speech; maintained during the Civil War a staff of 63 war correspondents; was a leader in the use of illustrations; introduced a society department; and, with the Helen Jewett case (1836), was the first in American journalism to publish an account of a love-nest murder.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bennett,James Gordon — Bennett, James Gordon. 1795 1872. American journalist and publisher who founded and edited (1835 1867) the New York Herald. His son James Gordon Bennett (1841 1918) succeeded him as editor (1867), founded the Paris edition of the Herald, and… …   Universalium

  • BENNETT, JAMES GORDON —    1) an American journalist, born at Keith, Scotland; trained for the Catholic priesthood; emigrated, a poor lad of 19, to America, got employment in a printing office in Boston as proof reader; started the New York Herald in 1835 at a low price …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • James Gordon Bennett Sr. — James Gordon Bennett James Gordon Bennett (* 1. September 1795 in New Mill, Keith, Schottland; † 1. Juni 1872 in New York City),war ein amerikanischer Zeitungsmann. Der Herausgeber und Gründer des New York Herald, des ersten Ein Cent… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Gordon Bennett senior — James Gordon Bennett James Gordon Bennett (* 1. September 1795 in New Mill, Keith, Schottland; † 1. Juni 1872 in New York City), war ein amerikanischer Zeitungsmann. Der Herausgeber und Gründer des New York Herald, des ersten Ein Cent… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Gordon Bennett junior — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gordon Bennett. James Gordon Bennett junior …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Gordon Bennett — Retrato de James Gordon Bennett James Gordon Bennett (1795 1872). fue el fundador y editor del periódico New York Herald y una de las principales figuras de la historia de la industria periodística de Estados Unidos. A lo largo del siglo XIX se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Gordon Bennett senior — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gordon Bennett. James Gordon Bennett junior (1795 1872), était un journaliste et éditeur de journal, qui a fondé le New York Herald. Biographie James Gordon Bennett senior est né dans une famille catholique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Gordon Bennett Jr. — James Gordon Bennett junior James Gordon Bennett Jr. (* 10. Mai 1841 in New York City; † 14. Mai 1918 in Beaulieu sur Mer, Frankreich) war ein amerikanischer Zeitungsverleger. Leben Bennett war der Sohn und Erbe des gleichnamigen Gründers und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Gordon Bennett Junior — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gordon Bennett. Coupe Gordon Bennett 1906 James Gordon Be …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James gordon bennett junior — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gordon Bennett. Coupe Gordon Bennett 1906 James Gordon Be …   Wikipédia en Français


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