Benin, Bight of


Benin, Bight of
Bay, northern section of Gulf of Guinea.

It extends along the West African coast about 400 mi (640 km) from Cape St. Paul, Ghana, past Togo and Benin to an outlet of the Niger River in Nigeria. Major ports include Lomé, Cotonou, and Lagos. It was the scene of extensive slave trading during the 16th–19th century, and the region of coastal lagoons west of the Niger delta became known as the Slave Coast. By the 1830s trade in palm oil had become the major economic activity. Petroleum was discovered in the Niger delta in the 1950s.

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also called  Bight Of Bonny,  

      bay of the Atlantic Ocean on the western African coast that extends eastward for about 400 miles (640 km) from Cape St. Paul (Ghana) to the Nun outlet of the Niger River (Nigeria). It lies within the Gulf of Guinea and is bordered by southeastern Ghana, Togo, Benin, and southwestern Nigeria. The bay receives a portion of the Niger River delta and also the Sio, Haho, Mono, Couffo, Ouémé, Benin, Forcados, and other rivers. Major ports on the bay are Lomé, Togo; Cotonou, Benin; and Lagos, Nigeria.

      The bight was the scene of extensive slave trading between the 16th and the 19th century, and the region of coastal lagoons west of the Niger delta became known as the Slave Coast. By the 1830s trade in palm oil became the main economic activity, and it has maintained its importance to the present. Petroleum, discovered in the late 1950s in the Niger delta area, is now a major economic asset to Nigeria. Palm kernels, cocoa, coffee, hardwood, and rubber are other major coastal exports. See also Slave Coast.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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