Bellamy, Edward


Bellamy, Edward
born March 26, 1850, Chicopee Falls, Mass., U.S.
died May 22, 1898, Chicopee Falls

U.S. writer.

Bellamy first became aware of the plight of the urban poor at age 18 while studying in Germany. He engaged throughout his life in progressive causes and wrote several books reflecting his concerns, but he is known chiefly for his utopian novel Looking Backward (1888), which describes the U.S. in the year 2000 as an ideal socialist state featuring cooperation, brotherhood, and industry geared to human need. It sold more than a million copies; a sequel, Equality (1897), was less successful.

Bellamy

By courtesy of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

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▪ American writer

born March 26, 1850, Chicopee Falls, Mass., U.S.
died May 22, 1898, Chicopee Falls
 American writer known chiefly for his utopian novel Looking Backward, 2000–1887.

      The son of a Baptist minister, Bellamy first realized the plight of the urban poor at 18 while studying for a year in Germany. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1871, but soon turned to journalism, first as an associate editor for the Springfield (Massachusetts) Union and then as an editorial writer for the New York Evening Post. Bellamy's early essays and stories sometimes indirectly criticized conventional American attitudes.

      In Looking Backward (1888), set in Boston in the year 2000, he described the United States under an ideal socialist system that featured cooperation, brotherhood, and an industry geared to human need. The novel, which sold more than 1,000,000 copies, appealed to a public still suffering the effects of the depression of 1883 and disturbed by such industrial clashes as the Haymarket Riot in Chicago (1886). Bellamy became an active propagandist for the nationalization of public services, and his ideas encouraged the foundation of Nationalist clubs. Political groups inspired by Bellamy's works also appeared in Europe, especially in The Netherlands. He influenced the Populist Party platform of 1892 through his magazine The Nationalist (1889–91), but its successor, the New Nation (1891–94), saw the movement in decline. Bellamy's Equality (1897), a sequel to Looking Backward, was less successful. Additional writings were published in Edward Bellamy Speaks Again! (1937) and as Talks on Nationalism (1938).

Additional Reading
Critical biographies include Arthur E. Morgan, Edward Bellamy (1944, reprinted 1974); and Sylvia E. Bowman, The Year 2000 (1958, reprinted 1979). More recent studies are Bowman's Edward Bellamy (1986), a brief survey; and Daphne Patai (ed.), Looking Backward, 1988–1888 (1988), centenary essays.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bellamy, Edward — (26 mar. 1850, Chicopee Falls, Mass., EE.UU.–22 may. 1898, Chicopee Falls). Escritor estadounidense. A los 18 años, mientras estudiaba en Alemania, adquirió conciencia por primera vez de la grave situación de los desposeídos que habitan en las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bellamy,Edward — Bel·la·my (bĕlʹə mē), Edward. 1850 1898. American writer and utopian socialist who publicized his political views through his popular novel Looking Backward (1888). * * * …   Universalium

  • Bellamy, Edward —    см. Беллами, Эдвард …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Edward Bellamy — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Bellamy, hacia 1889. Edward Bellamy (26 de marzo de 1850 – 22 de mayo de 1898) fue un autor estadounidense y socialista, famoso por su novela …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edward Bellamy — (March 26, 1850 ndash; May 22, 1898) was an American author and socialist, most famous for his utopian novel, Looking Backward , set in the year 2000. Early lifeEdward Bellamy was born in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts. His father was Rufus King… …   Wikipedia

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  • Bellamy — Bellămy, Edward, amerik. Schriftsteller, geb. 26. März 1850 in Chicopee Falls (Massachusetts), Journalist in Neuyork, gest. 22. Mai 1898 in Chicopee Falls; schrieb Novellen, bes. die sozialistischen Romane »Looking backward« (1888; deutsch:… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edward Bellamy — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bellamy. Edward Bellamy Edward Bellamy (26 mars 1850 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward — /ed weuhrd/, n. 1. Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall ( The Black Prince ), 1330 76, English military leader (son of Edward III). 2. Lake, a lake in central Africa, between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a source of the Nile.… …   Universalium

  • Edward — (as used in expressions) Abbey, Edward Acheson, Edward Goodrich Acton (de Aldenham), John Emerich Edward Dahlberg Acton, 1 barón Albee, Edward (Franklin) Edward Teach Bax, Sir Arnold (Edward Trevor) Bellamy, Edward Bernays, Edward L. Charles… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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