Batavian Republic


Batavian Republic
Republic of the Netherlands after it was conquered by France in 1795.

Its government, set up in 1798, was bound to France by alliance. In 1805 Napoleon renamed it the Batavian Commonwealth and placed executive power in the hands of a dictator. In 1806 it was replaced by the Kingdom of Holland under the rule of Louis Bonaparte; it was incorporated into the French empire in 1810.

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▪ historical republic, The Netherlands
French  République Batave,  Dutch  Bataafse Republiek,  

      republic of the Netherlands, established after it was conquered by the French (French revolutionary and Napoleonic wars) during the campaign of 1794–95. Formalized in a constitution of 1798, it possessed a centralized government patterned after that of the Directory in France and was bound to France by alliance. In March 1805 Napoleon (Napoleon I) changed the system of government once more: the Batavian Republic was renamed Batavian Commonwealth, and executive power was given to a kind of dictator called the council pensionary. In June 1806, however, the Batavian Commonwealth was replaced by the Kingdom of Holland under Napoleon's brother Louis (Bonaparte, Louis); this monarchy lasted until July 1810, when the northern Dutch provinces were incorporated into the French Empire.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Batavian Republic — Batavian Ba*ta vi*an, a. 1. Of or pertaining to the Batavi, an ancient Germanic tribe. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to Batavia or Holland; as, a Batavian legion. [1913 Webster] {Batavian Republic}, the name given to Holland by the French… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Batavian Republic — Infobox Former Country native name = Bataafse Republiek conventional long name = Batavian Republic common name = Batavian Republic continent = Europe region = Low Countries country = Netherlands era = status = Client status text = Client of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Batavian Republic —    In the National Assembly that convened after the Batavian Revolution in March 1796, political opinions differed on the extent to which the state should be national and unitary. The Federalists, Unitarians, and Moderates held different views… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Batavian Republic — geographical name the Netherlands under the French (1795 1806) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Batavian Republic — name for the Netherlands during the French Revolutionary wars (1795 to 1806); the Netherlands during rule of Louis Bonaparte (1806–1810) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Batavian Republic constitutional referendum, 1797 — A referendum on the constitution of the Batavian Republic was held on August 8, 1797. The draft constitution was rejected, eventually culminating in a coup d étât.BackgroundThe country we now know as the Netherlands had declared independence as… …   Wikipedia

  • States-General of the Batavian Republic — The States General of the Batavian Republic was the name for the Dutch government between January, 1795 and March 1796. It was nominally the same as the States General of the Dutch Republic, the predecessor of the Batavian Republic, as the old… …   Wikipedia

  • National Assembly of the Batavian Republic — The National Assembly of the Batavian Republic was the name for the Dutch parliament between 1796 and 1801. The National assembly was founded in 1796 after general elections. It replaced the States General of the Batavian Republic. The President… …   Wikipedia

  • Revolutionary Committee of the Batavian Republic — The Revolutionary Committee of the Batavian Republic was formed on 17 January 1795, when revolution broke out in The Netherlands against the regime of prince William V of Orange. The Dutch army was defeated by the French, and the French were seen …   Wikipedia

  • Batavian — Ba*ta vi*an, a. 1. Of or pertaining to the Batavi, an ancient Germanic tribe. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to Batavia or Holland; as, a Batavian legion. [1913 Webster] {Batavian Republic}, the name given to Holland by the French after its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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