Barye, Antoine-Louis

Barye, Antoine-Louis
born Sept. 24, 1796, Paris, Fr.
died June 29, 1875, Paris

French sculptor.

The son of a goldsmith, he was apprenticed at 13 to an engraver. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts (1818–23) and began to sculpt animal forms с 1819. Influenced by Théodore Géricault, he had a unique talent for rendering dynamic tension and exact anatomical detail. His most famous works depict wild animals devouring their prey; he also rendered groups of domestic animals. His notable bronzes include Lion Devouring a Gavial Crocodile (1831) and an equestrian statue of Napoleon at Ajaccio, Corsica (1860–65).

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▪ French sculptor, painter, and printmaker
born Sept. 24, 1795, Paris, France
died June 25, 1875, Paris

      prolific French sculptor, painter, and printmaker, whose subject was primarily animals. He is known as the father of the modern Animalier school.

      The son of a jeweler, Barye was apprenticed to an engraver of military equipment at age 13; after serving in the army, he worked for a time in the jewelry trade. In about 1817 he began to sculpt while working in the studio of the sculptor François Bosio. He was also influenced by the Romantic paintings of Théodore Géricault. From 1823 to 1831 he worked with Jacques-Henri Fauconnier, a goldsmith.

 Barye's talent for rendering dynamic tension and exact anatomical detail is especially evident in his most famous bronzes, those of wild animals struggling with or devouring their prey.

      Barye gradually gained a reputation as a monumental sculptor with government commissions for images of wild animals in the 1830s, figure groups and portraits for the facade of the Louvre in the 1850s, and freestanding Napoleonic monuments in the 1860s. He first exhibited his bronzes at the Salons of 1827 and 1831, receiving a second prize for his Lion Devouring a Gavial. He withdrew from exhibiting in the Salon in the 1830s after a celebrated small-scale project was rejected as goldsmithery (i.e., not “high art”), but he returned in 1850, to great acclaim.

      Generally speaking, Barye was responsible for having improved the status of animal sculpture, a category famous since antiquity, and for demonstrating its suitability as a modern expressive form. He also gained special fame as an artist who, regardless of subject matter, could meld grandeur and artistic refinement with realism in both public monuments and in small-scale bronzes for the home at a wide range of prices that the middle class could afford.

Additional Reading
Glenn F. Benge, Antoine-Louis Barye: Sculptor of Romantic Realism (1984).

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Barye, Antoine-Louis — (1796 1875)    sculptor, watercolorist    Born in Paris, Antoine Louis Barye was the son of a goldsmith and studied with the Monegasque sculptor F. Bosio, then with the painter antoine gros. He became well known as a painter of animais with his… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Barye, Antoine-Louis — (24 sep. 1796, París, Francia–29 jun. 1875, París). Escultor francés. Hijo de un orfebre, a los 13 de años de edad fue aprendiz de un grabador. Estudió en la école des Beaux Arts (1818–23) y comenzó a esculpir formas animales 1819. Influenciado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antoine Louis Barye — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barye (homonymie). Cet article fait partie de la série Sculpture …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antoine-Louis Barye — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Busto en la tumba de Barye en Pere Lachaise …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antoine-Louis Barye — Portrait von Léon Bonnat Antoine Louis Barye (* 24. September 1795 in Paris; † 27. Juni 1875 ebenda) war ein französischer Bildhauer. 1809 begann Barye mit 14 Jahren seine Lehre bei einem Metallgraveur, wurde aber anlässlich der Mobilmachung des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antoine-Louis Barye — Infobox Person name = Antoine Louis Barye image size = 250px caption = Portrait from Léon Bonnat birth date = September 24, 1796 birth place = Paris, France death date = June 25, 1875 death place = education = occupation = Sculptor spouse =… …   Wikipedia

  • Antoine-Louis Barye — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barye (homonymie). Portrait du sculpteur Barye (1889), par Léon Bonnat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BARYE (A. L.) — BARYE ANTOINE LOUIS (1796 1875) L’art de Barye est avant tout associé à la sculpture animalière dont il fit pendant près d’un demi siècle un genre artistique supérieur. Sa carrière fut dans son ensemble aisée, même si elle dut se développer en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • barye — [ bari ] n. f. • 1900; du gr. barus « lourd » ♦ Ancienne unité de pression du système C. G. S. valant 0,1 pascal. ⇒ 3. bar, 2. pascal. ⊗ HOM. Baril, barrit (barrissement). ● barye nom féminin Unité de contrainte et de pression du système C.G.S.,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Louis — Louis, Joe * * * (as used in expressions) Henry Louis Aaron Louis Francis Cristillo Agassiz, (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe) Aragon, Louis Louis Andrieux Armstrong, Louis Barrault, Jean Louis Barthou, (Jean) Louis Barye, Antoine Louis Berger, Victor… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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