Bartram, John


Bartram, John
born March 23, 1699, Marple, Pa., U.S.
died Sept. 22, 1777, Kingsessing, Pa.

naturalist and explorer, considered the "father of American botany.

" Largely self-educated, he was a friend of Benjamin Franklin and the botanist for the American colonies to George III. He was the first North American experimenter to hybridize flowering plants, and he established near Philadelphia a botanical garden that became internationally famous. He explored the Alleghenies and the Carolinas and in 1743 was commissioned by the British crown to explore the wilderness north to Lake Ontario in Canada. In 1765–66 he explored extensively in Florida with his son William Bartram.

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▪ American naturalist
born March 23, 1699, near Darby, Pa. [U.S.]
died Sept. 22, 1777, Kingsessing, Pa., U.S.

      naturalist and explorer considered the “father of American botany.”

      Largely self-educated, Bartram was a friend of Benjamin Franklin and an original member of the American Philosophical Society. He was botanist for the American colonies to King George III.

      Bartram was the first North American experimenter to hybridize flowering plants, and he established near Philadelphia a botanical garden that became internationally famous. He collected and exported seeds and plants that were in great demand abroad and thus established friendships with European botanists, among them Carolus Linnaeus, who esteemed him as a great “natural botanist.”

      Bartram made scientific forays into the Alleghenies, Carolinas, and other areas of North America, and in 1743 he was commissioned by the British crown to visit the Indian tribes of the League of Six Nations and to explore the wilderness north to Lake Ontario in Canada. In 1765–66 he explored extensively in Florida with his son William, also a naturalist, whose Travels (1791) greatly influenced English Romanticism.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bartram,John — Bar·tram (bärʹtrəm), John. 1699 1777. American botanist who established the first botanical garden in the colonies (1728) and corresponded with European botanists, thus introducing many American species to Europe. His son William Bartram (1739… …   Universalium

  • Bartram, John — (23 mar. 1699, Marple, Pa., EE.UU.–22 sep. 1777, Kingsessing, Pa.). Naturalista y explorador, considerado el padre de la botánica estadounidense. Fue sobre todo, un autodidacta y amigo de Benjamin Franklin y botánico de Jorge III en las colonias… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Bartram — John Bartram. John Bartram (Darby Pensilvania, 23 de marzo de 1699 ; † Filadelfia, 22 de septiembre de 1777) fue un botánico estadounidense y padre de William Bartram. Biografía John Bartram como el botánico pionero estad …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Bartram — John Bartram, né le 23 mars 1699 à côté de Darby en Pennsylvanie et mort le 22 septembre 1777, est un botaniste américain. Il est le père de William Bartram, un célèbre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Bartram — (* 23. März 1699 in Darby, Pennsylvania; † 22. September 1777 in Philadelphia, Penn.) war ein amerikanischer Botaniker. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „Bartram“. Er war der Vater von William Bartram …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Bartram High School — Infobox Secondary school name = John Bartram High School motto= type = Public secondary grades = 9–12 established= 1939 city = Philadelphia state = Pennsylvania country = USA enrollment = 2000 mascot = colors = Maroon and Gray principal=… …   Wikipedia

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

  • John — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Acton (de Aldenham), John Emerich Edward Dahlberg Acton, 1 barón Adams, John Adams, John (Coolidge) Adams, John Quincy Alden, John Altgeld, John Peter André, John Arden, John Ashbery,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bartram's Travels — is the short title of naturalist William Bartram s historically significant book describing his travels in the American South and encounters with American Indians between 1773 and 1777. The book was published in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1791 …   Wikipedia


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