Barnard, Christiaan (Neethling)


Barnard, Christiaan (Neethling)
born Nov. 8, 1922, Beaufort West, S.Af.
died Sept. 2, 2001, Paphos, Cyprus

South African surgeon.

He showed that intestinal atresia is caused by deficient fetal blood supply, which led to development of a surgical procedure to correct the formerly fatal defect. He introduced open-heart surgery to South Africa, designed a new artificial heart valve, and did animal heart transplant experiments. In 1967 Barnard's team performed the first human heart transplant, replacing the heart of Louis Washkansky with one from an accident victim. The transplant was successful, but Washkansky, given immunosuppressant drugs to prevent rejection of the heart, died 18 days later from pneumonia.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Barnard,Christiaan Neethling — Bar·nard (bärʹnərd, bär närdʹ), Christiaan Neethling. Born 1923. South African surgeon who performed the first human heart transplant (1967). * * * …   Universalium

  • Barnard, Christiaan Neethling — ▪ 2002       South African surgeon (b. Nov. 8, 1922, Beaufort West, S.Af. d. Sept. 2, 2001, Paphos, Cyprus), performed the first transplant of a heart from one human to another (1967), the first “piggyback” heart transplant, in which a second… …   Universalium

  • Barnard, Christiaan (Neethling) — (8 nov. 1922, Beaufort Occidental, República de Sudáfrica–2 sep. 2001, Paphos, Chipre). Cirujano sudafricano. Demostró que la atresia intestinal es causada por insuficiente suministro sanguíneo fetal, lo que condujo al desarrollo de un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Christiaan Neethling Barnard — (* 8. November 1922 in Beaufort West, Südafrika; † 2. September 2001 in Paphos, Zypern) war ein südafrikanischer Herzchirurg und Pionier auf dem Gebiet der Herztransplantationen. Am 3. Dezember 1967 führte ein südafrikanisches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christiaan Neethling Barnard — Christiaan Barnard Pour les articles homonymes, voir barnard. Christiaan Neethling Barnard (8 novembre 1922 2 septembre 2001) était un chirurgien cardiaque sud africain, qui devint célèbre pour avoir réussi la première… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christiaan Neethling Barnard — Christiaan barnard Nombre Christiaan barnard …   Wikipedia Español

  • Barnard, Christiaan — ▪ South African surgeon in full  Christiaan Neethling Barnard  born November 8, 1922, Beaufort West, South Africa died September 2, 2001, Paphos, Cyprus  South African surgeon who performed the first human heart transplant operation.       As a… …   Universalium

  • Barnard — Barnard, Christian Barnard, Edward Emerson * * * (as used in expressions) Barnard, Christiaan (Neethling) Barnard, estrella de Barnard, Henry …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Christiaan Barnard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barnard. Christiaan Barnard. Christiaan Neethling Barnard (8 novembre 1922 2  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barnard — /bahr nahrd, neuhrd/ for 1; /bahr neuhrd/ for 2 5, n. 1. Christiaan N(eethling) /kris tyahn nit ling/, born 1922, South African surgeon: performed first successful human heart transplant 1967. 2. Frederick Augustus Porter, 1809 89, U.S. educator… …   Universalium