- Baldwin, Robert
died Dec. 9, 1858, TorontoCanadian politician.Called to the bar in 1825, Baldwin began his political career as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada for York (1829–30). In 1842–43 he and Louis Hippolyte LaFontaine formed the first Liberal Party administration; when the Liberals returned to power in 1848, they were able to establish responsible, or cabinet, government. He resigned in 1851.
* * *▪ Canadian statesmanborn May 12, 1804, York, Upper Canada [now Toronto, Ont., Can.]died Dec. 9, 1858, Torontostatesman who was joint leader with Louis-Hippolyte LaFontaine (LaFontaine, Sir Louis-Hippolyte, Baronet) of the first and second Reform administrations in Canada, which established the principle of responsible, or cabinet, government in Canada.Called to the bar in 1825, Baldwin began his political career as a member (1829–30) of the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada for York. In 1836 he served briefly on the Executive Council of Upper Canada and supported the union of Canada, condemning the Rebellion of 1837. He served (1840) on the Executive Council under Charles Poulett Thomson (later Baron Sydenham) but resigned, joining the opposition. In 1842, under the governor-generalship of Sir Charles Bagot, Baldwin and LaFontaine formed a Reform administration and held office until Bagot's successor, Sir Charles Metcalfe, caused several ministers to resign. In the 1843 election the governor-generalship was narrowly sustained, but in 1848 the Reformers were returned to power. Under James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, Baldwin and LaFontaine saw the realization of their aim of responsible government and the enactment of other reforms, including municipal self-government for Canada West (Upper Canada, now Ontario) and freeing of the University of Toronto from sectarian control.Feeling increasingly out of sympathy with the advanced reformers in his party and offended by an attempt to abolish the Court of Chancery in Canada West, which he had personally helped to establish, Baldwin resigned in 1851. He was not reelected to Parliament by Toronto, largely because of his uncommitted attitude toward the Clergy Reserves question, regarding the secularization of the one-eighth of crown lands in Canada set apart for the support of a Protestant clergy. In 1858 he was invited to stand for a seat in the upper house, but, dissociated from the radicals (the Clear Grits), he could not identify with the conservative element of his old party either. In retirement he devoted himself to family matters.
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Baldwin, Robert — (1804 1858) BL Name associated with responsible government, ix; a man of one idea, ix; his ancestry, 23; born, May 12, 1804, at York, 25; early years, 25; studies law, 25; called to the bar, 1825, 26; political views, 27; in public life, 28;… … The makers of Canada
Baldwin, Robert — (12 may. 1804, York, Alto Canadá– 9 dic. 1858, Toronto, Canadá). Político canadiense. Obtuvo el título de abogado en 1825 e inició su carrera política en la Asamblea Legislativa de Alto Canadá, en representación de York (1829–30). En 1842–43,… … Enciclopedia Universal
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Robert-Baldwin — (circonscription provinciale) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robert Baldwin et Baldwin. Robert Baldwin Circonscription électorale provinciale Province … Wikipédia en Français
Robert-baldwin (circonscription provinciale) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robert Baldwin et Baldwin. Robert Baldwin Circonscription électorale provinciale Province … Wikipédia en Français
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Baldwin — Baldwin, James Baldwin, Stanley * * * (as used in expressions) Baldwin, James (Arthur) Baldwin, Robert Baldwin, Roger (Nash) Baldwin (de Bewdley), Stanley, 1 conde … Enciclopedia Universal
Baldwin — (Robert) (1804 1858) homme politique canadien. Formant avec Louis Hippolyte Lafontaine deux ministères (1842 1843 et 1848 1851), il libéralisa le régime … Encyclopédie Universelle
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