Baldwin (of Bewdley), Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl


Baldwin (of Bewdley), Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl
born Aug. 3, 1867, Bewdley, Worcestershire, Eng.
died Dec. 14, 1947, Astley Hall, near Stourport-on-Severn, Worcestershire

British politician.

After managing his family's large industrial holdings, he became a Conservative member of the House of Commons (1908–37). He served as financial secretary of the treasury (1917–21) and president of the Board of Trade (1921–22), then was appointed prime minister (1923–24, 1924–29, 1935–37). He proclaimed a state of emergency in the general strike of 1926 and later secured passage of the antiunion Trade Disputes Act. As prime minister after 1935, he began to strengthen the British military while showing little public concern about the aggressive policies of Germany and Italy. He was criticized for not protesting the Italian conquest of Ethiopia. In 1936 he satisfied public opinion by procuring the abdication of Edward VIII, whose desire to marry divorcée Wallis Simpson, Baldwin believed, threatened the prestige of the monarchy.

Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, 1932.

Bassano and Vandyk

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Baldwin, Stanley, 1st Earl Baldwin Of Bewdley, Viscount Corvedale Of Corvedale — ▪ prime minister of United Kingdom born Aug. 3, 1867, Bewdley, Worcestershire, Eng. died Dec. 14, 1947, Astley Hall, near Stourport on Severn, Worcestershire [now in Hereford and Worcester]  British Conservative politician, three times prime… …   Universalium

  • 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley — noun English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1867 1947) • Syn: ↑Baldwin, ↑Stanley Baldwin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Stanley Baldwin — Infobox Prime Minister honorific prefix = The Right Honourable name = Stanley Baldwin honorific suffix = KG, PC imagesize = 225px order=Prime Minister of the United Kingdom term start =7 June 1935 term end =28 May 1937 monarch =George V Edward… …   Wikipedia

  • Baldwin — /bawld win/, n. 1. James, 1924 87, U.S. writer. 2. James Mark, 1861 1934, U.S. psychologist. 3. Loammi /loh am uy/, 1740 1807, U.S. civil engineer and developer of the Baldwin apple. 4. Matthias William /meuh thuy euhs/, 1795 1866, U.S. inventor …   Universalium

  • Stanley — /stan lee/, n. 1. Arthur Penrhyn /pen rin/, (Dean Stanley) 1815 81, English clergyman and author. 2. Edward George Geoffrey Smith, 14th Earl of Derby, 1799 1869, British statesman: prime minister 1852, 1858 59, 1866 68. 3. Francis Edgar, 1849… …   Universalium

  • Stanley Baldwin — noun English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1867 1947) • Syn: ↑Baldwin, ↑1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader * * * Stanley …   Useful english dictionary

  • Baldwin — noun 1. United States author who was an outspoken critic of racism (1924 1987) • Syn: ↑James Baldwin, ↑James Arthur Baldwin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author 2. English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1867 1947) …   Useful english dictionary