Bakst, Léon


Bakst, Léon
orig. Lev Samuilovich Rosenberg

born Jan. 27, 1866, St. Petersburg, Russia
died Dec. 28, 1924, Paris, France

Russian painter and stage designer.

He attended the Imperial Academy of Arts at St. Petersburg and studied in Paris. In 1898 he cofounded the journal Mir Iskusstva ("World of Art") with Sergey Diaghilev. He began designing scenery for the imperial theatres in 1900. In Paris he designed sets and costumes for Diaghilev's new Ballets Russes. His bold designs and sumptuous colours, conveying an exotic "Orientalism," won him international fame. His designs for a London production of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Sleeping Beauty in 1921 are regarded as his greatest work.

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▪ Russian artist
original name  Lev Samoylovich Rosenberg 
born January 27 [February 8, New Style], 1866, St. Petersburg, Russia
died December 28, 1924, Paris, France

      Russian artist who revolutionized theatrical design both in scenery and in costume.

      Bakst attended the Imperial Academy of Arts at St. Petersburg but was expelled after painting a too-realistic “Pietà.” He returned to Russia after completing his studies in Paris and became a court painter. He was a cofounder with Sergey Diaghilev (Diaghilev, Sergey Pavlovich) of the journal Mir Iskusstva (“World of Art”) in 1899. Bakst began to design scenery in 1900, first at the Hermitage court theatre and then at the imperial theatres. In 1906 he went to Paris, where he began designing stage sets and costumes for Diaghilev's newly formed ballet company, the Ballets Russes. The first Diaghilev ballet for which he designed decor was Cléopâtre (1909), and he was chief set designer thereafter, working on the ballets Scheherazade and Carnaval (both 1910), Le Spectre de la rose and Narcisse (both 1911), L'Après-midi d'un faune and Daphnis et Chloé (both 1912), and Les Papillons (1914). Bakst achieved international fame with his sets and costumes, in which he combined bold designs and sumptuous colours with minutely refined details to convey an atmosphere of picturesque, exotic Orientalism. In 1919 Bakst settled permanently in Paris. His designs for a London production of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Sleeping Beauty in 1921 are regarded as his greatest work.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BAKST, LEON — (born Lev Samuilovich Rosenberg; 1864–1924), Russian artist. Born in St. Petersburg, he took the name Leon Bakst to honor his maternal grandfather. In his youth he was baptized but later returned to Judaism. At the age of 15, on the advice of the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bakst, Leon — (Lev Samuilovich Rosenberg) (1867–1924)    Russian artist. Bakst, born in St Petersburg, became famous as the chief decor designer for Serge Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes in Paris from 1909 onwards. His bright colours and romantic themes drawn from… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Bakst, Léon — orig. Lev Samuilovich Rosenberg (27 ene. 1866, San Petersburgo, Rusia–28 dic. 1924, París, Francia). Pintor y diseñador escénico ruso. Estudió en la Academia imperial de artes en San Petersburgo y en París. En 1898 cofundó la revista Mir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bakst, Léon — pseud. di Rosenberg, Lev Samoïlevič …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Bakst, Leon Samoilovitch —    [pseudonym] see Rosenberg, Lev …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Bakst, Leon (Rosenberg Lev Samuilovich) — (1867 1924)    Russian artist. Born in St Petersburg, he was baptized and later returned to Judaism. He was employed by Sergey Diaghilev as chief designer of costumes for his ballets. He had an deep influence on Marc Chagall …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Léon Bakst — Léon Samoilovitch Bakst (May 10, 1866 December 28,1924) was a Russian painter and scene and costume designer who revolutionized the arts he worked in. Born as Lev (Leib) Rosenberg, he was also known as Leon (Lev) Nikolayevich Bakst (Леон (Лев)… …   Wikipedia

  • Leon Bakst — Bakst, Selbstbildnis Léon Bakst (russisch Лев Самойлович Бакст, Lew Samoilowitsch Bakst, ursprünglich Lew Samoilowitsch Rosenberg; * 10. Mai 1866 in Grodno; † 28. Dezember 1924 in Paris) war ein russisch französischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bakst — Bakst, Selbstbildnis Léon Bakst (russisch Лев Самойлович Бакст, Lew Samoilowitsch Bakst, ursprünglich Lew Samoilowitsch Rosenberg; * 10. Mai 1866 in Grodno; † 28. Dezember 1924 in Paris) war ein russisch französischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bakst, LéonNikolaevich — Bakst (bäkst), Léon Nikolaevich. 1866 1924. Russian painter and scenic designer who modernized theater design. His best known works were for ballets produced by Sergei Diaghilev in Paris. * * * …   Universalium


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