- Awolowo, Obafemi
born March 6, 1909, Ikenne, Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeriadied May 9, 1987, IkenneNigerian nationalist politician and leader of the Yoruba ethnic group.While studying law in London, he wrote the influential Path to Nigerian Freedom (1947) and laid the basis for the first Yoruba political party, the Action Group. As premier of Nigeria's Western Region (1954–59), he worked to improve education, social services, and agriculture. He remained a major figure in national politics but never won high elective office.
* * *▪ Nigerian politicianalso known as Chief Obafemi Awolowoborn March 6, 1909, Ikenne, Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria [now in Nigeria]died May 9, 1987, IkenneNigerian politician, who was a strong advocate of independence and nationalism.The son of a peasant, Awolowo first studied to be a teacher and later worked as a clerk, trader, and newspaper reporter while organizing trade unions in his spare time. He went to London to study law in 1944, and while there he founded the Egbe Omo Oduduwa (Yoruba: “Society of the Descendants of Oduduwa”), a Yoruba cultural society, which later was the basis for a Yoruba political party, the Action Group. During this period, Awolowo also wrote an influential nationalist tract, Path to Nigerian Freedom (1947).In 1947 he returned to Ibadan to practice law, founded the Action Group in 1950–51, and became its first president. He won the first Western region elections in 1951 and was chosen minister for local government structure, for which he established elective councils. From 1954 to 1959, as premier of the Western region, Awolowo worked to improve education, social services, and agricultural practices. Meanwhile, he tried to build the Action Group into an effective nationwide party, making alliances with ethnic groups in other regions. After a disappointing showing in the hard-fought 1959 elections and after the two other major parties had formed a coalition, he became leader of the opposition in the federal House of Representatives. After Nigeria achieved independence in 1960, Awolowo began to modify his earlier position, leaning toward socialism and advocating a neutral foreign policy rather than his earlier pro-Western position.With dissension growing in his own party over both ideology and appointments to key positions, Awolowo fought to maintain ascendancy. Although he managed to prevail at the annual party conference in 1962, one year later he was tried and convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the government and was sentenced to 10 years in prison. He was released after a military coup in July 1966, and, in the confused events of the next year and after some indecision, he eventually threw his support behind the federal government against the southeastern Igbo secessionist state of Biafra. During the conflict, Awolowo was federal commissioner for finance and vice president of the Federal Executive Council. In the mid-1970s he was chancellor of the University of Ife (now Obafemi Awolowo University) and Ahmadu Bello University.When the 12-year ban on political activity was lifted in 1978 in preparation for a return to civilian rule, Awolowo emerged as the leader of the Unity Party. He ran for president in the elections of 1979 and 1983 but was defeated both times by Shehu Shagari (Shagari, Shehu). Following a military coup at the end of 1983, parties were once again banned, and Chief Awolowo retired from politics. An important figure in Nigerian nationalism, he wrote several books, including Awo: The Autobiography of Chief Obafemi Awolowo (1960) and Thoughts on Nigerian Constitution (1966).
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Awolowo, Obafemi — (6 mar. 1909, Ikenne, colonia y protectorado de Nigeria del Sur–9 may. 1987, Ikenne). Político nacionalista nigeriano y líder del grupo étnico yoruba. Mientras estudiaba derecho en Londres, escribió la influyente obra Path to Nigerian Freedom… … Enciclopedia Universal
Obafemi Awolowo — Premier of Western Nigeria In office October 1, 1954 – October 1, 1960 Succeeded by Samuel Akintola … Wikipedia
Awolowo — Awolowo, Obafemi, nigerianischer Politiker, aus dem Volk der Yoruba, * Ikenne (Westnigeria) 6. 3. 1909, ✝ ebenda 9. 5. 1987; Rechtsanwalt; war 1954 59 Ministerpräsident der autonomen Westregion Nigerias, 1959 61 Oppositionsführer. Nach Unruhen… … Universal-Lexikon
Awolowo — Chief Obafemi Awolowo (* 6. März 1909 in Ikenne, Nigeria; † 9. Mai 1987 ebda.) war ein nigerianischer Politiker, Gewerkschafter, Rechtsanwalt und Geschäftsmann. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Bedeutung 3 Werke … Deutsch Wikipedia
Obafemi Awolowo University — Seal Motto For Learning and Culture Established 1962 Type Public … Wikipedia
Obafemi Awolowo — Premier de Nigeria Occidental 1 de octubre de 1959 – 1 de octubre de 1960 Sucesor Samuel Akintola Datos personales N … Wikipedia Español
Obafemi — may refer to: Abiodun Obafemi (born 1973), a Nigerian footballer Obafemi Awolowo (1909–1987), a Nigerian politician and leader Obafemi Awolowo University, a government owned and operated Nigerian university Obafemi Awolowo University massacre, a… … Wikipedia
Obafemi Awolowo — Chief Jeremiah Obafemi Awolowo (Yoruba: Jeremiah Obáfẹmi Awólọwọ̀; * 6. März 1909 in Ikenne/Britisch Westafrika (heute Nigeria); † 9. Mai 1987 ebenda) war ein nigerianischer Politiker, Gewerkschafter, Rechtsanwalt und Geschäftsmann.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Obafemi Awolowo University massacre — The Obafemi Awolowo University massacre was a series of shootings and murders which took place against students of Obafemi Awolowo University in Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria on Saturday, July 10, 1999. It resulted in the deaths of eight people… … Wikipedia
Obafemi — Den Namen Obafemi tragen folgende Personen bzw. Institutionen: Abiodun Obafemi (* 1973), nigerianischer Fußballspieler Obafemi Awolowo (1909 1987), nigerianischer Politiker, Gewerkschafter, Rechtsanwalt und Geschäftsmann Obafemi Awolowo… … Deutsch Wikipedia