- Austerlitz, Battle of
(Dec. 2, 1805) First engagement of the War of the Third Coalition and one of Napoleon's greatest victories.In the battle, fought near Austerlitz in Moravia (now Slavkov u Brna, Czech Rep.), Napoleon's 68,000 troops defeated almost 90,000 Russians and Austrians under Russia's Alexander I and Mikhail Kutuzov. Also called the Battle of the Three Emperors, Napoleon's resounding victory forced Austria's Francis I to conclude the Treaty of Pressburg, ceding Venetia to the French kingdom in Italy and temporarily ending the anti-French alliance. See also Napoleonic Wars.
* * *▪ European historyalso called Battle of the Three Emperors(Dec. 2, 1805), the first engagement of the War of the Third Coalition and one of Napoleon's greatest victories. His 68,000 troops defeated almost 90,000 Russians and Austrians nominally under General M.I. Kutuzov (Kutuzov, Mikhail Illarionovich, Prince), forcing Austria to make peace with France (Treaty of Pressburg) and keeping Prussia temporarily out of the anti-French alliance.The battle took place near Austerlitz in Moravia (now Slavkov u Brna, Czech Republic) after the French had entered Vienna on November 13 and then pursued the Russian and Austrian allied armies into Moravia. The arrival of the Russian emperor Alexander I virtually deprived Kutuzov of supreme control of his troops. The allies decided to fight Napoleon west of Austerlitz and occupied the Pratzen Plateau, which Napoleon had deliberately evacuated to create a trap. The allies then launched their main attack, with 40,000 men, against the French right (south) to cut them off from Vienna. While Marshal Louis Davout's corps of 10,500 men stubbornly resisted this attack, and the allied secondary attack on Napoleon's northern flank was repulsed, Napoleon launched Marshal Nicolas Soult, with 20,000 infantry, up the slopes to smash the weak allied centre on the Pratzen Plateau. Soult captured the plateau and, with 25,000 reinforcements from Napoleon's reserve, held it against the allied attempts to retake it. The allies were soon split in two and vigorously attacked and pursued both north and south of the plateau. They lost 15,000 men killed and wounded and 11,000 captured, while Napoleon lost 9,000 men. The remnants of the allied army were scattered. Two days later Francis I of Austria agreed to a suspension of hostilities and arranged for Alexander I to take his army back to Russia.
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Austerlitz, Battle of — (1805) The decisive battle of the War of the Third Coalition, and widely regarded as Napoleon’s greatest tactical success. Austerlitz was fought on December 2, 1805 in Moravia, in the Austrian Empire, between approximately 70,000 French with… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Austerlitz, Battle of — … Useful english dictionary
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Austerlitz — may refer to:People* Austerlitz (family) * Fred Astaire, born Frederick Austerlitz * Robert Austerlitz (1923 1994), linguist, specialist in the Proto Finno Ugric languageHistory* Battle of AusterlitzPlaces* Austerlitz (Netherlands) * Austerlitz,… … Wikipedia
Austerlitz (Netherlands) — Austerlitz is a town in the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is a part of the municipality of Zeist, and lies about 6 km east of Zeist.In 2001, the town of Austerlitz had 1254 inhabitants. The built up area of the town was 0.23 km², and contained… … Wikipedia
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Austerlitz — n. a decisive battle during the Napoleonic campaigns (1805); the French under Napoleon defeated the Russian and Austrian armies of Czar Alexander I and Emperor Francis II. Syn: battle of Austerlitz. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
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Austerlitz — noun 1. a town in Czech Republic; site of the battle of Austerlitz in 1805 • Members of this Region: ↑battle of Austerlitz • Instance Hypernyms: ↑town • Part Holonyms: ↑Czech Republic 2. a decisive battle during the Napoleonic campaigns (1805);… … Useful english dictionary
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