Art Ensemble of Chicago


Art Ensemble of Chicago
U.S. jazz ensemble.

The group evolved from the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM), an experimental collective. Saxophonists Roscoe Mitchell and Joseph Jarman, trumpeter Lester Bowie, bassist Malachi Favors, and drummer Don Moye formed the group in 1969, combining freely changing tempos, dynamics, and textures with an often comic theatricality of presentation. Their diversity of inspiration is expressed by their motto, "Great Black Music: Ancient to the Future."

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▪ American jazz group
      American jazz group, innovators of sound, structure, and form in free jazz. They embraced a diversity of African and African American styles and sources in their creation of what they preferred to call “Great Black Music.”

      In 1966 composer-woodwind player Roscoe Mitchell (b. August 3, 1940, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.) began forming small Chicago jazz units that he called “art ensembles,” which included bassist Malachi Favors (b. August 22, 1937, Chicago—d. January 30, 2004, Chicago) and trumpeter Lester Bowie (b. October 11, 1941, Frederick, Maryland, U.S.). Often they were joined by composer-woodwind player Joseph Jarman (b. September 14, 1937, Pine Bluff, Arkansas, U.S.), who became a permanent member of the Art Ensemble in 1968, turning it into a cooperative quartet. Their international fame began in 1969–71, when they recorded and toured prolifically in Europe and added a percussionist, Don Moye (b. May 23, 1946, Rochester, New York, U.S.). Subsequently they toured almost annually as a quintet in Europe, Japan, and the United States.

      At a time when the dominant trend in free jazz was intense, loud, very fast music, the Art Ensemble by contrast began featuring group and solo improvising in a wide range of freely changing tempos, dynamics, and textures. Its members played many instruments; their virtuosity included mastery of their instruments' overtone and multiphonics ranges, and Bowie became especially noted for his expressive concepts. They all played percussion instruments, including bells, gourds, and gongs, and the addition of Moye broadened their use of exotic percussion. While the Art Ensemble incorporated traditional jazz, classical, and popular works, music composed by its members was the source of its improvising in recordings such as A Jackson in Your House (1969), People in Sorrow (1969), and Urban Bushmen (1980).

      The five musicians also pursued independent careers; Bowie, for example, was a featured soloist with his Brass Fantasy band and the New York Organ Ensemble, and Mitchell composed extended works such as Nonaah (1976–77) and The Maze (1978).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Art ensemble of chicago — L Art Ensemble Of Chicago est un groupe instrumental fils de l AACM. D abord quartette en 1967 comprenant le trompettiste Lester Bowie, les saxophonistes Joseph Jarman et Roscoe Mitchell et le bassiste Malachi Favors (affublé d un nom… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Art Ensemble of Chicago — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Avantgarde Jazz, Modern Creative Gründung 1967 Website …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Art Ensemble of Chicago — The Art Ensemble of Chicago is an avant garde jazz ensemble that grew out of Chicago s AACM in the late 1960s. The group continues to tour and record through 2006, despite the deaths of two of the founding members.The Art Ensemble is notable for… …   Wikipedia

  • Art Ensemble of Chicago — L Art Ensemble Of Chicago est un groupe instrumental fils de l AACM. D abord quartette en 1967 comprenant le trompettiste Lester Bowie, les saxophonistes Joseph Jarman et Roscoe Mitchell et le bassiste Malachi Favors (affublé d un nom… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Art Ensemble of Chicago — Conjunto de jazz estadounidense. El grupo surgió de la Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (Asociación para el progreso de los músicos creativos) (AACM), un colectivo experimental. Los saxofonistas Roscoe Mitchell y Joseph… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • The Art Ensemble of Chicago — Art Ensemble of Chicago es un grupo de jazz especializado en free jazz que inició su carrera musical en 1966. Formado inicialmente por el saxofonista Roscoe Mitchell para un concierto ofrecido en Chicago en diciembre de 1966, el grupo se llamó… …   Wikipedia Español

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