Arrhenius, Svante (August)


Arrhenius, Svante (August)
born Feb. 19, 1859, Vik, Swed.
died Oct. 2, 1927, Stockholm

Swedish physical chemist.

His theories on dissociation of substances in solution into electrolytes or ions, first published in 1884 as his Ph.D. thesis, were initially met with skepticism, but increasing recognition abroad gradually won over the opposition in Sweden. He also did important work on reaction rates; the equation describing the dependence of reaction rates on temperature is often called the Arrhenius law, and he was the first to recognize the greenhouse effect. After receiving the Royal Society of London's Davy Medal (1902), he became in 1903 the third recipient of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. He is regarded as one of the founders of the field of physical chemistry.

Svante Arrhenius, 1918.

By courtesy of the Kungliga Biblioteket, Stockholm

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arrhenius,Svante August — Ar·rhe·ni·us (ə rēʹnē əs, ə rāʹ ), Svante August. 1859 1927. Swedish physicist and chemist. He won a 1903 Nobel Prize for his electrolytic theory of dissociation. * * * …   Universalium

  • Arrhenius, Svante August — ▪ Swedish chemist Introduction born Feb. 19, 1859, Vik, Swed. died Oct. 2, 1927, Stockholm  Swedish physicist and physical chemist known for his theory of electrolytic dissociation and his model of the greenhouse effect. In 1903 he was awarded… …   Universalium

  • Arrhenius, Svante (August) — (19 feb. 1859, Vik, Suecia–2 oct. 1927, Estocolmo). Fisicoquímico sueco. Sus teorías sobre la disociación de las sustancias en solución en electrólitos o iones, publicadas primero en 1884 como su tesis de doctorado, fueron recibidas inicialmente… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arrhenius , Svante August — (1859–1927) Swedish physical chemist Arrhenius was born in Wijk, near Uppsala, Sweden. He originally went to Uppsala University to study chemistry, changing later to physics. Finding the standard mediocre, he transferred to Stockholm in 1881 to… …   Scientists

  • Arrhenius, Svante August — ► (1859 1927) Físico y químico sueco. Autor, entre otras teorías, del principio cosmogónico, según el cual la energía del mundo se renueva automáticamente …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Svante August Arrhenius — «Arrhenius» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Arrhenius (desambiguación). Svante August Arrhenius Retrato de Svant …   Wikipedia Español

  • Svante August Arrhenius — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Arrhenius. Svante August Arrhenius Svante August Arrhenius Naissance 19  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Svante August Arrhenius — (n. Vik, Suecia, 19 de febrero de 1859 † Estocolmo, 2 de octubre de 1927). Químico sueco. Estudió en la Catedral School de Upsala, cuando su familia se trasladó a esta ciudad desde Vik, asistiendo a la universidad de esa misma ciudad cuando tenia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Svante August Arrhenius — noun Swedish chemist and physicist noted for his theory of chemical dissociation (1859 1927) • Syn: ↑Arrhenius • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist, ↑physicist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chemienobelpreis 1903: Svante August Arrhenius —   Der schwedische Wissenschaftler erhielt den Nobelpreis für »das außerordentliche Verdienst, das er sich durch seine Theorie über die elektrolytische Dissoziation erworben hat«.    Biografie   Svante August Arrhenius, * Uppsala, 19.2.1859, ✝… …   Universal-Lexikon


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