Arias Sánchez, Oscar


Arias Sánchez, Oscar
born Sept. 13, 1941, Heredia, Costa Rica

President of Costa Rica (1986–90).

A moderate socialist born to wealth, Arias worked for the National Liberation Party from the 1960s. He became president at a time when much of Central America was torn by civil war. His 1987 Central American peace plan, signed by the leaders of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, included provisions for cease-fires, free elections, and amnesty for political prisoners. He was awarded the 1987 Nobel Peace Prize.

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▪ president of Costa Rica
born September 13, 1941, Heredia, Costa Rica
 
 president of Costa Rica (1986–90; 2006– ) and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (Nobel Prize) in 1987 for his Central American peace plan.

      Born into one of the wealthiest coffee-growing families in Costa Rica, Arias studied economics at the University of Costa Rica and earned a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Essex in England. In the 1960s he began working for the moderate socialist National Liberation Party (Partido de Liberación Nacional; PLN), and in 1972 he was appointed minister of planning in the government of President José Figueres Ferrer (Figueres Ferrer, José), a post he held until 1977. He was elected secretary-general of the PLN in 1979, and in 1986 he won the general election to become president of Costa Rica.

      As president, Arias took measures to cope with Costa Rica's heavy foreign indebtedness and other economic problems, but his main interest was in trying to restore peace and political stability to the strife-torn countries of Central America. He took office in the midst of the Contra war, in which rebel forces (the “Contras”), supported by the United States but based primarily in Honduras, attempted to bring down the Sandinista government of neighbouring Nicaragua. Though harshly critical of the Sandinistas, he forbade that regime's guerrilla opponents from operating militarily on Costa Rican soil, despite pressure from the United States. In February 1987 he proposed a regional peace plan for the Central American countries that would set a date for cease-fires between government and rebel forces, ensure amnesty for political prisoners, and schedule free and democratic elections in those countries. Arias and the leaders of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua signed this plan in August 1987; although signed, the plan was never fully implemented, partly because of opposition from the United States. In October 1987 Arias was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in recognition of his efforts to achieve the beginnings of peace in the region. In 1988 Arias used his Nobel Prize money to establish the Arias Foundation for Peace and Human Progress, which promoted peace and equality throughout the world. Arias also was active in various global nongovernmental organizations (nongovernmental organization) that focused their efforts on promoting peace and rooting out corruption.

      Though several of his successors were linked to corruption (two were jailed briefly in 2004), Arias was untainted by scandal during his tenure as president, and he was recruited to run for the presidency of Costa Rica again in 2006. Pledging to invest in education and housing and to sign the Central American Free Trade Agreement with the United States (Costa Rica had been the only Central American country not to join the pact), Arias won a narrow victory. (See also Sidebar: Lessons of the 20th Century.)

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arias Sanchez,Oscar — A·ri·as San·chez (äʹrē äs sänʹchĕs), Oscar. Born 1941. Costa Rican politician who as president (1986 1990) proposed an accord to bring peace to Central America. He won the 1987 Nobel Peace Prize. * * * …   Universalium

  • Arias Sánchez, Óscar — (n. 13 sep. 1941, Heredia, Costa Rica). Presidente de la república (1986–90). Socialista moderado nacido en la riqueza, trabajó para el Partido de Liberación Nacional desde la década de 1960. Alcanzó la presidencia cuando la mayor parte de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Óscar Arias Sánchez — Óscar Arias en 2009. 45° Presidente de la República de Costa Rica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Oscar Arias Sanchez — Óscar Arias im Mai 2006 Óscar Rafael de Jesús Arias Sánchez (* 13. September 1940 in Heredia, Costa Rica) ist seit März 2006 Präsident von Costa Rica, ein Amt, das er bereits von 1986 bis 1990 innehatte. 1987 erhielt er den Friedensnobelpreis für …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oscar Arias Sánchez — Óscar Arias im Mai 2006 Óscar Rafael de Jesús Arias Sánchez (* 13. September 1940 in Heredia, Costa Rica) ist seit März 2006 Präsident von Costa Rica, ein Amt, das er bereits von 1986 bis 1990 innehatte. 1987 erhielt er den Friedensnobelpreis für …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Óscar Arias Sánchez — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Arias et Sánchez. Óscar Arias Sánchez Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Óscar Arias Sánchez — Óscar Arias im Mai 2006 Óscar Rafael de Jesús Arias Sánchez (* 13. September 1940 in Heredia, Costa Rica) war von 1986 bis 1990 sowie von 2006 bis 2010 Präsident von Costa Rica. 1987 erhielt er den Friedensnobelpreis für sein Vorgehen zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oscar Arias Sanchez — Óscar Arias Sánchez Pour les articles homonymes, voir Arias et Sánchez. Óscar Arias Sánchez …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oscar Arias Sánchez — Óscar Arias Sánchez Pour les articles homonymes, voir Arias et Sánchez. Óscar Arias Sánchez …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Óscar Arias Sánchez — El Dr. Óscar Arias Sánchez fue Presidente de Costa Rica en el período 1986 1990. Nació en 1941, y realizó estudios en Estados Unidos, antes de ser profesor de leyes y economía en la Universidad de Costa Rica. Recibió el Premio Nobel de la Paz en… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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