- Apuleius, Lucius
born с AD 124, Madauros, Numidiadied after 170?Roman Platonic philosopher, rhetorician, and author.His The Golden Ass, a prose narrative of the ribald adventures of a young man who is changed into an ass, was long influential. This novel, considered a revelation of ancient manners, is valuable for its description of the ancient religious mysteries. Apuleius's philosophical treatises include three books on Plato, two of which survive.
* * *▪ Roman philosopher and scholarborn c. 124, , Madauros, Numidia [near modern Mdaourouch, Alg.]died , probably after 170Platonic philosopher, rhetorician, and author remembered for The Golden Ass, a prose narrative that proved influential long after his death. The work, called Metamorphoses by its author, narrates the adventures of a young man changed by magic into an ass.Apuleius, who was educated at Carthage and Athens, traveled in the Mediterranean region and became interested in contemporary religious initiation rites, among them the ceremonies associated with worship of the Egyptian goddess Isis. Intellectually versatile and acquainted with works of both Latin and Greek writers, he taught rhetoric in Rome before returning to Africa to marry a rich widow, Aemilia Pudentilla. To meet her family's charge that he had practiced magic to win her affection, he wrote the Apologia (“Defense”), the major source for his biography.For The Golden Ass it is likely that he used material from the lost Metamorphoses by Lucius of Patrae, which is cited by some as the source for the brief extant Greek work on a similar theme, Lucius, or the Ass, attributed to the Greek rhetorician Lucian. Though Apuleius' novel is fiction, it contains a few definitely autobiographical details, and its hero has been seen as a partial portrait of its author. It is particularly valuable for its description of the ancient religious mysteries, and Lucius' restoration from animal to human shape, with the aid of Isis, and his acceptance into her priesthood suggests that Apuleius himself had been initiated into that cult. Considered a revelation of ancient manners, the work has been praised for its entertaining and at times bawdy episodes that alternate between the dignified, the ludicrous, the voluptuous, and the horrible. Its “Cupid and Psyche” tale (Books 4 through 6) has been frequently imitated by later writers, including the English poets Shakerley Marmion in 1637, Mary Tighe in 1805, William Morris in The Earthly Paradise (1868–70), and Robert Bridges in 1885 and 1894, and C.S. Lewis in the novel Till We Have Faces: A Myth Retold (1956). Some of Lucius' adventures reappear in The Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio, in Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes, and in Gil Blas by Alain Le Sage. Of Apuleius' other literary works his Florida is, like The Golden Ass, stylistically affected.More influential than this collection of the author's declamations on various subjects are his philosophical treatises. He wrote three books on Plato (the third is lost): De Platone et eius dogmate (“On Plato and His Teaching”) and De Deo Socratis (“On the God of Socrates”), which expounds the Platonic notion of demons, beneficent creatures intermediate between gods and mortals. His De mundo (“On the World”) adapts a treatise incorrectly attributed to Aristotle. Apuleius asserts that he wrote a number of poems and works on natural history, but these works are lost. The noted Asclepius, a Latin translation of a (now lost) Greek Hermetic dialogue, has been wrongly attributed to him. His collected works were first edited by Joannes Andreas (1469); later editions in Latin include a three-volume collection by Rudolf Helm and Paul Thomas (1905–10) and the Index Apuleianus by William Abbott Oldfather, Howard Vernon Canter, and Ben Edwin Perry (1934). In English, The Works of Apuleius was edited by Hudson Gurney in 1853, and modern editions appear in the Loeb Classical Library series.
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APULEIUS, LUCIUS° — (second century C.E.), Latin author from N. Africa. Apuleius is best known as the author of the Metamorphoses. In his Apologia (also known as De Magia) he mentions both Moses and Johannes (presumably jannes ; cf. Numenius) among important… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Apuleius,Lucius — Ap·u·lei·us (ăp yə lēʹəs), Lucius.fl. second century A.D. Roman Neo Platonist philosopher and satirist whose best known work is The Golden Ass. * * * … Universalium
Apuleius, Lucius — (ﬂ. second c. ad) Roman satirist … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Lucius Apuleius — (* um 125 n. Chr. in Madaura in Afrika; † um 170 n. Chr.) war ein antiker Schriftsteller und Philosoph. Apuleius wuchs in Karthago auf und studierte dort später Rhetorik. Anschließend studierte er in Athen Philosophie und lebte danach zeitweise… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Apuleius — Phantasieporträt des Apuleius auf einem Kontorniaten (Medaillon) des späten 4. Jahrhunderts Apuleius (auch Apuleius von Madauros oder Apuleius von Madaura; * um 123 in Madauros, der heutigen Ortschaft M’Daourouch im Nordosten Algeriens; †… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lucius — /looh sheuhs/, n. a male given name: from a Latin word meaning light. * * * (as used in expressions) Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Lucius Sergius Catilina Apuleius Lucius Clay Lucius DuBignon Crassus Lucius Licinius Lucullus Lucius Licinius… … Universalium
Apuleius — should not be confused with Lucius Appuleius Saturninus, a Roman demagogue or with Pseudo Apuleius, an author. Infobox Writer name = Lucius Apuleius caption = Sketch of Apuleius birthdate = c. 123 birthplace = Madaurus deathdate = c. 180… … Wikipedia
Lucius — (Luzius) war ein römischer Vorname (praenomen), der selten auch als Familienname (nomen gentile) und Beinamen (cognomen) verwendet wurde. Er wurde meistens nur mit der Abkürzung L. wiedergegeben. Der Name leitet sich vermutlich von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lucius — (abbreviated L.) is one of the small group of common forenames found in the culture of ancient Rome. It is derived from the latin word Lux ( Lux, Lucis ), meaning light ( … Wikipedia
Apuleius — Apuleius, Appuleius, Lucius, römischer Schriftsteller, * Madaura (Numidien) um 125 n. Chr., ✝ wohl unter Mark Aurel (zwischen 161 und 180); Platoniker, glänzender Rhetor und viel gereister Sophist, der das Punische, Griechische und Lateinische… … Universal-Lexikon