- Antietam, Battle of
(Sept. 17, 1862) Decisive and bloody battle of the American Civil War that halted the Confederate advance on Maryland.Following victory in the Second Battle of Bull Run, Gen. Robert E. Lee moved his troops into Maryland with an eye to capturing Washington, D.C. They were stopped by Union troops under George B. McClellan at Antietam Creek, Md. Confederate casualties numbered some 13,700, and Union losses were about 12,400. McClellan was criticized for allowing Lee's forces to retreat to Virginia, but the victory encouraged Pres. Abraham Lincoln to issue a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
* * *also called Battle of Sharpsburg(September 17, 1862), a decisive engagement in the American Civil War (1861–65) that halted the Confederate advance on Maryland for the purpose of gaining military supplies. The advance was also regarded as one of the greatest Confederate threats to Washington, D.C. The battle took its name from Antietam Creek, which flows south from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to the Potomac River near Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.Following the Union defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run, Confederate General Robert E. Lee (Lee, Robert E.) advanced into Maryland with some hope of capturing the Federal capital of Washington to the southeast. On September 17, 1862, his forces were met at Antietam by the reorganized Federal army under General George B. McClellan (McClellan, George B), who blocked Lee's advances but allowed him to retire to Virginia. Most military historians have strongly criticized McClellan's conduct of the battle, which proved to be one of the bloodiest single days of the war. The South lost 13,724 troops and the North suffered casualties of 12,410.In addition to protecting the Federal capital, the battle is sometimes cited as having influenced Great Britain not to recognize the Confederacy. President Abraham Lincoln (Lincoln, Abraham) used the occasion of the Antietam victory to issue his preliminary Emancipation Proclamation (September 22, 1862), announcing that unless the Confederates laid down their arms by January 1, 1863, he would free all slaves not residing in Union-controlled territory.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Antietam, Battle of — (1862) The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single day of fighting during the American Civil War. Having removed the northern threat to Richmond and defeated a Union army at the Second Battle of Bull Run, Robert E. Lee marched his… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… … Universalium
Antietam (disambiguation) — Antietam may refer to:*Battle of Antietam, a major American Civil War battle *Antietam National Battlefield, an American national park *Antietam Union order of battle, Union military units and commanders who fought at the Battle of Antietam… … Wikipedia
Antietam Creek — is a tributary of the Potomac River located in south central Pennsylvania and western Maryland in the United States, a region known as Hagerstown Valley. The creek became famous as a focal point of the Battle of Antietam during the American Civil … Wikipedia
Battle of Chancellorsville — Part of the American Civil War … Wikipedia
Battle of Chickamauga — Part of the American Civil War Battle of Chickamauga (lithograph by Kurz and Allison, 1890) … Wikipedia
Battle of Fredericksburg — Part of the American Civil War Battle of Fredericksburg … Wikipedia
Antietam — also the Battle of Antietam a battle in the American Civil War, in which General Robert E. ↑Lee s army tried to reach Washington but was defeated by Union soldiers … Dictionary of contemporary English
Battle of Mobile Bay — Part of the American Civil War … Wikipedia
Battle of Marietta — Part of the American Civil War … Wikipedia