- Ansgar, Saint
born probably 801, near Corbie, Austrasiadied Feb. 3, 865, Bremen, Saxony; feast day February 3Missionary, first archbishop of Hamburg, and patron saint of Scandinavia.He was sent by Louis I (the Pious) to help King Harald Christianize Denmark and King Bjorn Christianize Sweden. He initiated a mission to all Scandinavians and Slavs and was appointed archbishop of Hamburg (832). But Sweden and Denmark returned to paganism by 845, and Ansgar had to repeat all his work. He thwarted another pagan rebellion and was recognized as a saint soon after his death.
* * *Ansgar also spelled Anskar, or Anscharborn , probably 801, near Corbie, Austrasia [France]died Feb. 3, 865, Bremen, Saxony [Germany]; canonized 865; feast day February 3missionary of medieval Europe, first archbishop of Hamburg, and the patron saint of Scandinavia.Of noble birth, Ansgar entered the Benedictine abbey of Corbie in Picardy, where he was educated. After 823 he taught in the monastic school at Corvey (“New Corbie”), Westphalia, where he also began his pastoral work. When Harald, an exiled Danish king, appealed to the Carolingian emperor Louis I the Pious for support, Louis dispatched Ansgar to accompany and assist the king in evangelizing Denmark. Ansgar in 826 began short-lived missionary work in Schleswig. Harald's downfall in 827 and the death of his assistant, Autbert, were blows to the mission, and in 829 Ansgar returned to the Franks. With the help of Witmar, a monk from Corvey, Ansgar began his evangelization of Sweden. The first to preach the gospel in Sweden, he was cordially received by King Björn.Louis recalled Ansgar in 831, making him abbot of Corvey and bishop of the newly established diocese of Hamburg. Consecrated in 832, he initiated a mission to all the Scandinavian peoples and went to Rome, where Pope Gregory IV made him archbishop and papal legate to the Scandinavians and Slavs, thereby earning him the title of “the Apostle of the North.” At Hamburg, Ansgar founded a monastery and a school, and in 834 Louis endowed him with Turholt Abbey, to be used as the centre of his activities.When Denmark had become united under King Haarik (Horec) I, he allowed the revival of Ansgar's work in Schleswig. Ansgar lost Turholt after Louis I's death (840); and in 845 Northmen destroyed Hamburg, and the Swedish missions were extinguished by the expulsion of Bishop Gautbert. Returning to paganism, Sweden and Denmark rejected Christianity.In 847 Louis the German, king of the East Franks, made Ansgar bishop of Bremen, from where he revived and redirected his northern evangelization. He dispatched a missionary to Sweden in 851 and converted the succeeding Danish king Haarik II. He then went to Sweden (853–854), where the king (himself destined for conversion) allowed the Christian missionaries to preach. Ansgar succeeded in thwarting a pagan rebellion before returning to Bremen. He was proclaimed a saint by his successor, Rembert, and Pope Nicholas I the Great approved the proclamation.Additional ReadingCharles H. Robinson (trans.), Anskar: The Apostle of the North, 801–865 (1921), is a biography by Ansgar's successor as bishop of Bremen, St. Rembert, and is important as a historical document and portrait.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Saint Ansgar — Downtown Saint Ansgar Lage in Iowa … Deutsch Wikipedia
Saint — 1347 80, Italian ascetic and mystic. died A.D. 731, pope 715 731. died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337 352. died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682 683. died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847… … Universalium
saint — saintless, adj. /saynt/, n. 1. any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization. 2. a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence. 3. a founder, sponsor, or… … Universalium
Ansgar (name) — Ansgar ( AHNS gahr ) is a masculine German and Scandinavian given name, from the Germanic prefix ans meaning god , and suffix gar meaning spear .In Sweden, February 4 is the Name day for Ansgar . It is uncommon as a surname. People with the given … Wikipedia
Ansgar — Infobox Saint name=Saint Ansgar birth date=birth date|801|9|8|df=y death date=death date and age|865|2|3|801|9|8|df=y feast day=February 3 venerated in=Eastern Orthodox Church, Roman Catholicism, Lutheran Church, Anglican Church imagesize=200px… … Wikipedia
Ansgar — Anschaire de Brême Anschaire de Brême, appelé aussi Oscar ou en allemand Ansgar (né le 8 septembre 801 à Amiens mort le 3 février 865 à Brême) était un homme d Église du Moyen Âge, qui fut archevêque de Hambourg et de Brême. Il fut le premier… … Wikipédia en Français
Saint Ansgar — Original name in latin Saint Ansgar Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 43.3783 latitude 92.91881 altitude 356 Population 1107 Date 2011 05 14 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Saint Anschaire — Anschaire de Brême Anschaire de Brême, appelé aussi Oscar ou en allemand Ansgar (né le 8 septembre 801 à Amiens mort le 3 février 865 à Brême) était un homme d Église du Moyen Âge, qui fut archevêque de Hambourg et de Brême. Il fut le premier… … Wikipédia en Français
Ansgar — /ans gahr/, n. Saint ( Apostle of the North ), 801 865, French Benedictine priest and missionary: patron saint of Scandinavia. Also, Anskar /an skahr/. * * * … Universalium
Ansgar — Ans•gar [[t]ˈæns gɑr[/t]] also Ans•kar [[t]ˈæn skɑr[/t]] n. big Saint, 801–865, French Benedictine priest and missionary: patron saint of Scandinavia … From formal English to slang