- Andronicus II Palaeologus
born с 1260, Constantinopledied Feb. 13, 1332, ConstantinopleByzantine emperor (1282–1328).The son of Michael VIII Palaeologus, he was an intellectual and theologian rather than a soldier and statesman, and during his reign the Byzantine Empire declined to the status of a minor state. Ottoman Turks controlled Anatolia by 1300, and Serbs dominated the Balkans. By siding with Genoa in the war between Genoa and Venice, Andronicus provoked an attack by the Venetian navy. Despite the rising political disorder, he promoted Byzantine art and the independence of the Eastern Orthodox church. Deposed by his grandson Andronicus III Palaeologus, he entered a monastery.
* * *▪ Byzantine emperoralso spelled Andronikos II Palaiologosborn c. 1260, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]died February 13, 1332, ConstantinopleByzantine emperor who was the son of Michael VIII Palaeologus. During Andronicus's reign (1282–1328) the Byzantine Empire declined to the status of a minor state, confined by the Ottoman Turks in Anatolia and the Serbs in the Balkans.An intellectual and theologian rather than a statesman or soldier, Andronicus weakened Byzantium by reducing its land forces to a few thousand cavalry and infantry and eliminating the navy altogether, relying solely on a Genoese mercenary fleet. His lack of military initiative enabled the Ottoman Turks to gain control of nearly all of Anatolia by 1300, and his employment of Catalan mercenaries in 1304 ended disastrously, because the Catalans proved more inclined to pillage Byzantine cities than to fight the Turks. In the war between the Italian city-states of Venice and Genoa, Andronicus unwisely took sides, favouring Genoa, and suffered the wrath of the greatly superior Venetian navy.Internally, Andronicus's reign was marked by a steady disintegration of centralized authority and increasing economic difficulties, although he did sponsor a revival of Byzantine art and culture and championed the independence of the Eastern Orthodox church. During his reign the great monastery complex at Mount Athos in Greece enjoyed its golden age.In 1328 Andronicus, after quarreling with his grandson—who would become Andronicus III (Andronicus III Palaeologus)—and excluding him from the succession, was deposed by him and entered a monastery.
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Andronicus III Palaeologus — born March 25, 1297, Constantinople died June 15, 1341, Constantinople Byzantine emperor (1328–41). He forced his grandfather Andronicus II Palaeologus to make him coemperor (1325) and then to abdicate (1328). He relied on John VI Cantacuzenus to … Universalium
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ANDRONICUS II — ANDRONICUS II. Palaeologus, successit Patri Michaeli, A. C. 1283. a quo iam ante in societatem imperii ascitus erat. Hunc tamen ob unionem Graecae Ecclesiae cum Latina tenatatam, refodi curavit. Postea, Michaele, filiô, quem socium imperii… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Palaeologus — /pay lee ol euh geuhs/; esp. Brit. /pal ee /, n. family name of Byzantine rulers 1259 1453. * * * (as used in expressions) Andronicus II Palaeologus Andronicus III Palaeologus Constantine XI Palaeologus John V Palaeologus John VIII Palaeologus … Universalium
Andronicus — (as used in expressions) Andronicus I Comnenus Andronicus II Palaeologus Andronicus III Palaeologus * * * … Universalium
Palaeologus family — ▪ Byzantine family Palaeologus also spelled Palaiologos Byzantine family that became prominent in the 11th century, the members of which married into the imperial houses of Comnenus, Ducas, and Angelus. Michael VIII Palaeologus, emperor… … Universalium
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