Andronicus II Palaeologus


Andronicus II Palaeologus
born с 1260, Constantinople
died Feb. 13, 1332, Constantinople

Byzantine emperor (1282–1328).

The son of Michael VIII Palaeologus, he was an intellectual and theologian rather than a soldier and statesman, and during his reign the Byzantine Empire declined to the status of a minor state. Ottoman Turks controlled Anatolia by 1300, and Serbs dominated the Balkans. By siding with Genoa in the war between Genoa and Venice, Andronicus provoked an attack by the Venetian navy. Despite the rising political disorder, he promoted Byzantine art and the independence of the Eastern Orthodox church. Deposed by his grandson Andronicus III Palaeologus, he entered a monastery.

* * *

▪ Byzantine emperor
also spelled  Andronikos II Palaiologos 
born c. 1260, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]
died February 13, 1332, Constantinople

      Byzantine emperor who was the son of Michael VIII Palaeologus. During Andronicus's reign (1282–1328) the Byzantine Empire declined to the status of a minor state, confined by the Ottoman Turks in Anatolia and the Serbs in the Balkans.

      An intellectual and theologian rather than a statesman or soldier, Andronicus weakened Byzantium by reducing its land forces to a few thousand cavalry and infantry and eliminating the navy altogether, relying solely on a Genoese mercenary fleet. His lack of military initiative enabled the Ottoman Turks to gain control of nearly all of Anatolia by 1300, and his employment of Catalan mercenaries in 1304 ended disastrously, because the Catalans proved more inclined to pillage Byzantine cities than to fight the Turks. In the war between the Italian city-states of Venice and Genoa, Andronicus unwisely took sides, favouring Genoa, and suffered the wrath of the greatly superior Venetian navy.

      Internally, Andronicus's reign was marked by a steady disintegration of centralized authority and increasing economic difficulties, although he did sponsor a revival of Byzantine art and culture and championed the independence of the Eastern Orthodox church. During his reign the great monastery complex at Mount Athos in Greece enjoyed its golden age.

      In 1328 Andronicus, after quarreling with his grandson—who would become Andronicus III (Andronicus III Palaeologus)—and excluding him from the succession, was deposed by him and entered a monastery.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andronicus III Palaeologus — born March 25, 1297, Constantinople died June 15, 1341, Constantinople Byzantine emperor (1328–41). He forced his grandfather Andronicus II Palaeologus to make him coemperor (1325) and then to abdicate (1328). He relied on John VI Cantacuzenus to …   Universalium

  • Andronicus IV Palaeologus — ▪ Byzantine emperor also spelled  Andronikos IV Palaiologos  born April 11, 1348, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey] died June 28, 1385, Selymbria [now Silivri, Turkey]       Byzantine emperor from 1376 to 1379. Conspiring… …   Universalium

  • ANDRONICUS II — ANDRONICUS II. Palaeologus, successit Patri Michaeli, A. C. 1283. a quo iam ante in societatem imperii ascitus erat. Hunc tamen ob unionem Graecae Ecclesiae cum Latina tenatatam, refodi curavit. Postea, Michaele, filiô, quem socium imperii… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Palaeologus — /pay lee ol euh geuhs/; esp. Brit. /pal ee /, n. family name of Byzantine rulers 1259 1453. * * * (as used in expressions) Andronicus II Palaeologus Andronicus III Palaeologus Constantine XI Palaeologus John V Palaeologus John VIII Palaeologus …   Universalium

  • Andronicus — (as used in expressions) Andronicus I Comnenus Andronicus II Palaeologus Andronicus III Palaeologus * * * …   Universalium

  • Palaeologus family — ▪ Byzantine family Palaeologus also spelled  Palaiologos        Byzantine family that became prominent in the 11th century, the members of which married into the imperial houses of Comnenus, Ducas, and Angelus. Michael VIII Palaeologus, emperor… …   Universalium

  • John V Palaeologus — born June 18, 1332, Didymoteichon died Feb. 16, 1391, Constantinople Byzantine emperor (1341–91). The son of Andronicus III Palaeologus, he inherited the throne at age nine; John VI Cantacuzenus served as his regent and coemperor (1347–54). After …   Universalium

  • Michael VIII Palaeologus — /pay lee ol euh geuhs, pal ee / 1234 1282, Byzantine ruler 1259 82, first of the Palaeologus emperors. * * * born 1224 or 1225 died Dec. 11, 1282, Thrace Nicaean emperor (1259–61) and Byzantine emperor (1261–82), founder of the Palaeologan… …   Universalium

  • MICHAEL VIII PALAEOLOGUS° — MICHAEL VIII PALAEOLOGUS°, Byzantine emperor (1259–82). In 1261 Michael recaptured Constantinople from the Latins, who had held it from 1204, and restored an independent if greatly reduced empire. Unlike his predecessors in Nicaea, he had no… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Manuel II Palaeologus — born July 27, 1350 died July 21, 1425 Byzantine emperor (1391–1425). He was crowned coemperor with his father, John V Palaeologus, in 1373; his brother Andronicus IV seized the throne in 1376, but Manuel and his father regained it with Turkish… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.