Almohad dynasty


Almohad dynasty
Arabic al-Muwaḥḥidūn ("Unitarians")

(1130–1269) Berber confederation born out of religious opposition to the Islamic doctrines of the Almoravid dynasty.

The Almohad leader Ibn Tūmart began his rebellion in the 1120s. Marrakech was captured in 1147 under the leadership of his successor Abd al-Mumin. By the 1170s all of the Maghrib was under unified control for the only time in its history, and the Almohads also controlled Muslim Spain. Their rule was marked by, on the one hand, the cultivation of science and philosophy and, on the other, efforts at religious unification by compelling Jews and Christians to convert or emigrate. They lost control of Spain to the Christians in 1212 and of their North African provinces to the Hafsid dynasty in Tunis (1236) and the Marīnids in Marrakech (1269).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Dynasty — A dynasty is a succession of rulers who belong to the same family for generations. A dynasty is also often called a house , e.g. the House of Saud or House of Habsburg . In the histories of Europe, much of Asia and some of Africa, ruling and… …   Wikipedia

  • dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty …   Universalium

  • Almohad — /al meuh had /, n. a member of a Muslim dynasty ruling in Spain and northern Africa during the 12th and 13th centuries. Also, Almohade /al meuh hayd , had /. [ < Ar al muwahhid lit., the one who professes the unity of God] * * * …   Universalium

  • Almohad style —    An art style introduced into Spain by the Almohads, a Moroccan Berber dynasty, in the 1100s and 1200s. Also see Islamic art and mosque …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Almohad — [ alməhad] (also Almohade heɪd) noun (plural Almohads) a member of a Berber Muslim movement and dynasty that conquered the Almoravid empire in the 12th century. Origin Sp., ult. from Arab. al muwaḥḥidun believers in one God …   English new terms dictionary

  • Marinid dynasty — Imrinen /المرينيون (ar) ← …   Wikipedia

  • Almoravid dynasty — ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴷⵏ/المرابطون Al Murābiṭūn ←   …   Wikipedia

  • Marīnid dynasty — Berber dynasty that followed the Almohad dynasty in North Africa in the 13th–15th centuries. The Marīnids were a tribe of the Zanātah group, which was allied to the Umayyads in Córdoba. In 1248 a Marīnid leader, Abū Yaḥyā, captured Fès and made… …   Universalium

  • Ḥafṣid dynasty — (с 13th–16th century) Berber dynasty. It was founded by a governor of the Almohad dynasty, Abū Zakariyyāʾ Yaḥyā, in north central Africa с 1229. His son Mustanṣir (r. 1249–77) enlarged the empire to its peak of power and prestige. It had trade… …   Universalium


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