Algonquian languages


Algonquian languages
or Algonkian languages

Family of 25–30 North American Indian languages spoken or formerly spoken across a broad area of eastern and central North America.

They are divided conventionally into three geographic groups. Eastern Algonquian languages, spoken from the Gulf of St. Lawrence south to coastal North Carolina, include Micmac, East and West Abenaki, Delaware, Massachusett, and Powhatan (or Virginia Algonquian)
the latter two now long extinct. Central Algonquian languages include Shawnee, Miami-Illinois, Sauk, Kickapoo, Potawatomi, Menominee (all spoken around the Great Lakes), Ojibwa (around the upper Great Lakes and north from eastern Quebec through Manitoba), and Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi (spoken from Labrador west to Hudson Bay and Alberta). Plains Algonquian includes the languages of the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Atsina (Gros Ventres), and Blackfoot (spoken in the central and northern Great Plains).

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also spelled  Algonkian 

      North American Indian language family whose member languages are or were spoken in Canada, New England, the Atlantic coastal region southward to North Carolina, and the Great Lakes region and surrounding areas westward to the Rocky Mountains. Among the numerous Algonquian languages are Cree, Ojibwa, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Mi'kmaq (Micmac), Arapaho, and Fox-Sauk-Kickapoo. The term Algonquin (often spelled this way to differentiate it from the family) refers to a dialect of Ojibwa. Algonquian languages have been classified by some scholars as belonging to a larger language group, the Macro-Algonquian phylum. See also Macro-Algonquian languages.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Algonquian languages — Infobox Language family name=Algonquian altname=Algonkian region=North America familycolor=American fam1=Algic child1=Plains Algonquian group child2=Central Algonquian group child3=Eastern Algonquian group Pre contact distribution of Algonquian… …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Algonquian languages — Infobox Language family name=Eastern Algonquian altname=Eastern Algonkian region=Atlantic Coast of North America familycolor=American fam1=Algic fam2=Algonquian child1=Eastern Abnaki child2=Western Abnaki child3=Etchemin child4=Delaware… …   Wikipedia

  • Plains Algonquian languages — Infobox Language family name=Plains Algonquian altname=Plains Algonkian region=Great Plains of the northern United States and southern Canada familycolor=American fam1=Algic fam2=Algonquian child1=Blackfoot child2=Cheyenne child3=Arapahoan… …   Wikipedia

  • Central Algonquian languages — Infobox Language family name=Central Algonquian region=North America familycolor=American fam1=Algic fam2=Algonquian child1=Anishinaabemowin child2=Cree Montagnais child3=Fox Sauk Kickapoo child4=Menominee child5=Miami Illinois child6=Potawatomi… …   Wikipedia

  • Macro-Algonquian languages — also spelled  Macro Algonkian        major group (phylum or superstock) of North American Indian languages; it is composed of nine families and a total of 24 languages or dialect groups. The language families included in Macro Algonquian are… …   Universalium

  • Algonquian language — may refer to:* Algonquian languages, language sub family indigenous to North America * Algonquin language, the particular Algonquian language spoken by certain First Nations people of Canada …   Wikipedia

  • Algonquian peoples — This article is about the large number of peoples speaking Algonquian languages. For the Algonquin of Quebec and the Ottawa Valley, who are one of these peoples, see Algonquin. The Algonquian are one of the most populous and widespread North… …   Wikipedia

  • Algonquian — or Algonquin or Algonkian; also Algonkin noun Etymology: Canadian French Algoumequin, Algonquin, perhaps from Malecite Passamaquoddy (Algonquian language of Maine and New Brunswick) elakómkwik they are our relatives Date: 1625 1. (usually… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Languages of Mexico — Mexico has an enormous linguistic diversity; apart from Spanish, the government recognizes 62 indigenous Amerindian languages as national languages. According to the Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples (CDI), 13% of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Algonquian Indians —    The name is now applied to what is probably the most widely distributed linguistic stock of North America. In the days of French Canada, it was given to a comparatively small and unimportant tribe, whose home was on the banks of the Ottawa.… …   The makers of Canada


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