Albers, Josef

Albers, Josef
born March 19, 1888, Bottrop, Ger.
died March 25, 1976, New Haven, Conn., U.S.

German-U.S. painter, poet, teacher, and theoretician.

He studied and taught at the Bauhaus and in 1933 became one of the first Bauhaus teachers to immigrate to the U.S., where he taught at Black Mountain College and later at Yale. He developed a painting style characterized by abstract rectilinear patterns and primary colours as well as black and white. His best-known series of paintings, Homage to the Square (begun in 1950 and continued until his death), restricts its repertory of forms to coloured squares superimposed onto each other. The arrangement of these squares is carefully calculated so that the colour of each square optically alters the sizes, hues, and spatial relationships of the others. His research into colour theory was published in the influential Interaction of Color (1963).

Josef Albers, photograph by Arnold Newman, 1948.

© Arnold Newman

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▪ American painter
born March 19, 1888, Bottrop, Ger.
died March 25, 1976, New Haven, Conn., U.S.
 painter, poet, sculptor, teacher, and theoretician of art, important as an innovator of such styles as Colour Field painting and Op art.

      From 1908 to 1920 Albers studied painting and printmaking in Berlin, Essen, and Munich and taught elementary school in his native town of Bottrop. In 1920 he enrolled at the newly formed Bauhaus, which was to become the most important design school in Germany. His most important creations of that period included compositions made of coloured glass, as well as examples of furniture design, metalwork, and typography. After 1925, when he became a “master” at the Bauhaus, Albers explored a style of painting characterized by the reiteration of abstract rectilinear patterns and the use of primary colours along with white and black.

      In 1933, when the Nazi government closed the Bauhaus, Albers left Germany for the United States. On the recommendation of architect Philip Johnson (Johnson, Philip C.), Albers organized the fine-arts curriculum at Black Mountain College in North Carolina, where he taught until 1949. The next year he began a 10-year tenure as chairman of the art department of Yale University. Over the course of his time at these two schools, he counted among his students Eva Hesse, Robert Rauschenberg (Rauschenberg, Robert), and Kenneth Noland (Noland, Kenneth).

 After moving to the United States, Albers concentrated on several series of works that systematically explored the effects of perception. In his series of engravings on plastic Transformations of a Scheme (1948–52) and in the series of drawings Structural Constellations (1953–58), he created complex linear designs, each subject to many possible spatial interpretations. His best-known series of paintings, Homage to the Square (begun in 1950 and continued until his death), restricts its repertory of forms to coloured squares superimposed onto each other. The arrangement of these squares is carefully calculated so that the colour of each square optically alters the sizes, hues, and spatial relationships of the others. These works were exhibited worldwide and formed the basis of the first solo exhibition given to a living artist at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, in 1971.

Additional Reading
Neal David Benezra, The Murals and Sculpture of Josef Albers (1985); Nicholas Fox Weber, The Drawings of Josef Albers (1984); Nicholas Fox Weber et al., Josef Albers: A Retrospective (1988).

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Albers, Josef — (1888 1976)    painter and graphic artist; foremost interpreter of the Bauhaus* following his emigration and widely considered the forerunner of op art. He was born in the Westphalian town of Bottrop. During 1908 1913 he studied and taught at… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Albers, Josef — ► (1888 1976) Pintor alemán. Se dedicó, entre otros aspectos, al estudio de los volúmenes geométricos. Autor de Homenajes al cuadrado. * * * (19 mar. 1888, Bottrop, Alemania–25 mar. 1976, New Haven, Conn., EE.UU.). Pintor, poeta, profesor y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albers,Josef — Al·bers (ălʹbərz, ŏlʹ ), Josef. 1888 1976. German born American painter whose works, such as the series Homage to the Square (1950 1959), are characterized by simple geometric patterns of various colors. * * * …   Universalium

  • Albers — Albers, Josef …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albers — Josef Albers Josef Albers est né le 19 mars 1888 à Bottrop (Allemagne) et mort le 26 mars 1976 à New Haven. Peintre et pédagogue de l art, Josef Albers enseigna au Bauhaus d octobre 1923 à avril 1933. Il est considéré comme un des initiateurs de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Josef Albers — est né le 19 mars 1888 à Bottrop (Allemagne) et mort le 26 mars 1976 à New Haven. Peintre et pédagogue de l art, Josef Albers enseigna au Bauhaus d octobre 1923 à avril 1933. Il est considéré comme un des initiateurs de l art optique, ou Op art.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ALBERS (J.) — ALBERS JOSEF (1888 1976) Instituteur, ayant reçu une formation académique assez tardive à Berlin et à Essen, Josef Albers trouve sa voie au Bauhaus de Weimar, où il entre comme élève en 1920 (il suit les cours de Itten) et où il devient maître en …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Albers — (Josef) (1888 1976) peintre américain d origine allemande, maître de l abstraction géométrique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Josef Albers — Infobox Artist bgcolour = name = Josef Albers imagesize = 250px caption = Homage to the Square, 1965 birthname = birthdate = birth date |1888|3|19 location = Bottrop, Westphalia Germany deathdate = death date and age |1976|3|25|1888|3|19… …   Wikipedia

  • Josef Albers — Estampilla que conmemora a Josef Albers Sello de correos dedicado …   Wikipedia Español


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