- Alaungpaya dynasty
or Konbaung dynasty(1752–1885) Last ruling dynasty of Myanmar.In the face of the fragmentation of the Toungoo dynasty, Alaungpaya (1714–60), headman in a village near Mandalay, raised an army and subdued the separatist Mon people in southern Myanmar and then conquered the northeastern Shan states. He attacked the Siamese capital of Ayutthaya (now in Thailand) but was forced to retreat. His son Hsinbyushin, the third king of the dynasty (r. 1763–76), sent armies into neighbouring kingdoms and successfully rebuffed four retaliatory Chinese invasions. The sixth king, Bodawpaya (r. 1782–1819), mounted a number of unsuccessful campaigns against the Siamese and moved the capital to Amarapura. He also conquered the kingdom of Arakan. His incursions into Assam aroused the ire of the British, and under Bagyidaw (r. 1819–37) Myanmar (subsequently Burma) was defeated in the first Anglo-Burmese War. From then on the dynasty's hold on Myanmar gradually declined, ending in total annexation by the British in 1885.
* * *▪ Myanmar dynastyalso called Konbaungthe last ruling dynasty (1752–1885) of Myanmar (Burma). The dynasty's collapse in the face of British imperial might marked the end of Myanmar sovereignty for more than 60 years. (Some authorities limit the name Konbaung dynasty to the period beginning with King Bodawpaya in 1782 and continuing to 1885.) The Alaungpaya dynasty led Myanmar in an era of expansionism that was only brought to an end by defeat in the First Anglo-Burmese War of 1824–26.By the 18th century Myanmar under the Toungoo dynasty (1486–1752) was fragmented: the Shan States to the north and east of Ava were as much Chinese as Burmese, while in the southeast the Mon people's separatism had been rekindled by 1740. In 1752 Alaungpaya, a village headman in Shwebo (then called Moksobomyo; near Mandalay), organized an army and led a successful attack against the Mon rulers of the southern part of Myanmar. Alaungpaya led his armies southward, crushing all local resistance. Aware that his power rested on his ability to centralize his kingdom, Alaungpaya forced the rulers of the Shan States to accept his suzerainty. Advancing farther eastward, he attacked the Siamese kingdom of Ayutthaya (now in Thailand) but was forced to withdraw and was mortally wounded (1760) during his retreat.In 1764 Hsinbyushin, third king of the dynasty, restored order and renewed the conquest of Ayutthaya, which he reduced to ruins in 1767 but which he was unable to hold for long. Hsinbyushin's armies ranged far into the Shan and Lao states and the Manipur kingdom of India and four times defeated invasions of Myanmar by the Chinese. Hsinbyushin, intent upon pacifying the southern areas, was stymied in 1776. Bodawpaya (reigned 1782–1819), sixth king of the dynasty, was committed to the reconquest of Ayutthaya and mounted a number of unsuccessful campaigns against the Siamese. Bodawpaya also moved the capital to nearby Amarapura.Under Bagyidaw (reigned 1819–37), Bodawpaya's grandson and successor, Myanmar met with defeat at the hands of the British in the First Anglo-Burmese War (Anglo-Burmese Wars) (1824–26). During the succeeding years there was a gradual erosion of Myanmar territories as well as a weakening of authority. Tharrawaddy (reigned 1837–46) and his son, Pagan (1846–53), both weak kings, accomplished little in foreign or domestic affairs, allowing Great Britain to gain control of all southern Myanmar in the Second Anglo-Burmese War (1852). Under Mindon, an enlightened ruler (1853–78), Myanmar tried unsuccessfully to rescue its prestige. Friction developed between Mindon and British Burma, principally because Mandalay (Mindon's new capital) resented the British presumption of suzerainty. Finally, when Mindon's younger son Thibaw ascended the throne in 1878, only an excuse was needed for Britain's total annexation of Burma; the Third Anglo-Burmese War (1885) accomplished this objective, ending the Alaungpaya, or Konbaung, dynasty on Jan. 1, 1886.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Alaungpaya — (birman အလောင်းဘုရား), Alompra ou Alaung Mintaya (birman အလောင်းမင်းတရား, littéralement Futur Roi Bouddha), (24 septembre 1714 – 11 mai 1760) fut un roi de Birmanie, fondateur de la dynastie Konbaung et du troisième empire birman. Il était né à… … Wikipédia en Français
Alaungpaya — ▪ king of Myanmar Burmese“The Victorious”, also spelled Alaung Phra, Alompra, or Aungzeya born 1714, Moksobomyo [Shwebo], Myanmar died April 13, 1760, Kin ywa, Martaban province, Myanmar king (1752–60) who unified Myanmar (Burma) and… … Universalium
dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty … Universalium
Alaungpaya — ( my. အလောင်းဘုရား) or Alompra or Alaung Mintaya ( my. အလောင်းမင်းတရား,( th. อลองพญา) lit. Future Buddha King, 1714 ndash; April 13 1760) was a Burmese king who founded the Konbaung Dynasty (Heaven s platform) and the Third Burmese Empire in the… … Wikipedia
Alaungpaya, King — (r. 1752 1760) Founding king of the Konbaung Dynasty, he was a local leader at Moksobomyo, north of Ava (Inwa), which he made into a fortified capital and renamed Shwebo. In 1752, Binnya Dala, the ruler of the Mon state of Hanthawaddy,… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Konbaung dynasty — The Konbaung Dynasty (1752 1885), sometimes called the Alaungpaya Dynasty or the House of Alompra by the British colonial rulers) was the last in the history of the Burmese monarchy. Alaungpaya, a village chief who led a successful rebellion… … Wikipedia
Konbaung Dynasty — (1752 1885) Sometimes called the Third Burmese (Myanmar) Empire because, like the Pagan (Bagan) and Toungoo (Taungoo) Dynasties, it unified the country. Established by Alaungpaya in 1752, it enjoyed a period of military expansion during the … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Toungoo (Taungoo) Dynasty — (1486 1752) Sometimes called the Second Burmese (Myanmar) Empire because, like the Pagan (Bagan) and Konbaung Dynasties, it unified the country. Historians generally divide it into two periods. The first, spanning the reigns of Minkyinyo (r … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Sino-Burmese War (1765–1769) — Part of Ten Great Campaigns Burma and China prior t … Wikipedia
Naungdawgyi — နောင်တော်ကြီး King of Burma Prince of Dabayin Reign 11 May 1760 – 28 November 1763 ( 100000000000000030000003 years, 10000000000000201000000201 days) … Wikipedia