Agricola, Gnaeus Julius


Agricola, Gnaeus Julius
born June 13, AD 40, Forum Julii, Gallia Narbonensis
died Aug. 23, 93

Roman general.

After Agricola served as tribune and quaestor in Britain and Asia, Vespasian appointed him governor of Britain (77/78–84). In that role he conquered parts of Wales and northern England, then advanced into Scotland and set a frontier between the Firths of Clyde and Forth. In 83 he crossed the Forth and defeated the Caledonians at Mons Graupius; he then occupied Scotland to the fringe of the Highlands, with forts at the main passes and a fortress at Inchtuthil. Recalled to Rome, Agricola was offered the proconsulship of Asia but chose retirement. His life is known through the writings of his son-in-law Tacitus.

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▪ Roman general
born June 13, AD 40, Forum Julii, Gallia Narbonensis
died Aug. 23, 93

      Roman general celebrated for his conquests in Britain. His life is set forth by his son-in-law, the historian Tacitus.

      After serving as military tribune under Suetonius Paulinus, governor in Britain (59–61), Agricola became, successively, quaestor in Asia (64), people's tribune (66), and praetor (68). In the civil war of 69 he took the side of Vespasian, who appointed him to a command in Britain. He was granted patrician status upon his return to Rome in 73 and served as governor of Aquitania (74–77). Appointed consul in 77, he was made governor of Britain.

      Agricola was in Britain from 77/78 to 84. After conquering portions of Wales, including the island of Mona (now Anglesey), he completed the conquest of what is now northern England. By the end of the third campaigning season, he had advanced into Scotland, establishing a temporary frontier of posts between the firths of the Clota and Bodotria (Clyde and Forth) rivers. The Romans crossed the Forth in 83 and defeated the Caledonians in a decisive battle at Mons Graupius. Agricola's permanent occupation of Scotland reached the fringe of the highlands, where he blocked the main passes with forts and placed a legionary fortress at Inchtuthil (near Dunkeld in Perthshire). Recalled to Rome after his victory, the general lived in retirement, refusing the proconsulship of Asia.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agricola,Gnaeus Julius — A·gric·o·la (ə grĭkʹə lə), Gnaeus Julius. A.D. 37 93. Roman soldier and politician who as governor of Britain (77 84) brought most of its inhabitants under Roman control. He also circumnavigated Britain, thereby discovering it to be an island. *… …   Universalium

  • Gnaeus Julius Agricola — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Agricola. Gnaeus Julius Agricola (13 juin/13 juillet 40 à Fréjus 23 août 93 à Rome) est un général de l empire romain et le beau père de Tacite. Il est l artisan de la conquête de la majeure… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gnaeus Julius Agricola — Infobox Military Person name=Gnaeus Julius Agricola lived=June 13 40 August 23, 93 placeofbirth=Gallia Narbonensis placeofdeath=Gallia Narbonensis caption=A statue of Agricola erected at the Roman Baths at Bath in 1894 nickname= allegiance=Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Gnaeus Julius Agricola — noun Roman general who was governor of Britain and extended Roman rule north to the Firth of Forth (37 93) • Syn: ↑Agricola • Instance Hypernyms: ↑general, ↑full general …   Useful english dictionary

  • Julius Agricola — Gnaeus Julius Agricola Pour les articles homonymes, voir Agricola. Gnaeus Julius Agricola (13 juin/13 juillet 40 à Fréjus 23 août 93 à Rome) est un général de l empire romain. Il est l artisan de la conquête de la majeure… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gnaeus — or Cnaeus was a Roman praenomen derived from Etruscan Cneve, of unknown meaning. Some individuals named Gnaeus were: Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso Gnaeus Cornelius Cinna Magnus Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Asina Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus Gnaeus Domitius …   Wikipedia

  • Agricola — [ə grik′ə lə] 1. Agricola(Gnaeus Julius) A.D. 40 93; Rom. general: governor of Britain (A.D. 78? 85?) 2. Georgius [jôr′jē əs] (L. name of Georg Bauer) 1490 1555; Ger. scholar who made the first scientific classification of minerals: called the… …   English World dictionary

  • Agricola — Agricola, Gnaeus Julius (AD 37 93) a Roman ↑general who governed Britain in AD 78 8 …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Julius — /joohl yeuhs/, n. a male given name: a Roman family name. * * * (as used in expressions) Agricola Gnaeus Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Cohn Ferdinand Julius Cohnheim Julius Friedrich Erving Julius Winfield Frontinus Sextus Julius Fuchs Emil Klaus… …   Universalium

  • Gnaeus — (as used in expressions) Agricola Gnaeus Julius Coriolanus Gnaeus Marcius Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus * * * …   Universalium


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