Legendary sage of the Sumerian city of Eridu.Endowed with great intelligence by Ea but still mortal, he was the hero of the Sumerian myth of the Fall of Man. Adapa was fishing when he was blown into the sea by the southern wind, whose wings he broke in rage. The heavenly doorkeepers Tammuz and Ningishzida interceded for him when he was summoned before Anu for punishment, but when Anu offered him the bread and water of eternal life, he refused, and humankind thus became mortal.
* * *in Mesopotamian mythology, legendary sage and citizen of the Sumerian city of Eridu, the ruins of which are in southern Iraq. Endowed with vast intelligence by Ea (Sumerian: Enki), the god of wisdom, Adapa became the hero of the Sumerian version of the myth of the fall of man. The myth relates that Adapa, in spite of his possession of all wisdom, was not given immortality. One day, while he was fishing, the south wind blew so violently that he was thrown into the sea. In his rage he broke the wings of the south wind, which then ceased to blow. Anu (Sumerian: An), the sky god, summoned him before his gates to account for his behaviour, but Ea cautioned him not to touch the bread and water that would be offered him. When Adapa came before Anu, the two heavenly doorkeepers Tammuz and Ningishzida interceded for him and explained to Anu that as Adapa had been endowed with omniscience he needed only immortality to become a god. Anu, in a change of heart, then offered Adapa the bread and water of eternal life, which he refused to take. Thus mankind remained mortal. The legend is preserved among the cuneiform tablets discovered during the 19th century in Ashurbanipal's library at Nineveh.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Adapa — (altbabylonisch a da ap a; auch Atraḫasis, Atra Ḫasis, der überaus Weise) ist die mythologische Hauptfigur einer altbabylonischen Erzählung, die etwa zwischen 2000 und 1600 v. Chr. entstand. Das älteste Exemplar stammt als Abschrift aus … Deutsch Wikipedia
adăpa — ADĂPÁ, adắp, vb. I. tranz. A da apă de băut unui animal. ♦ refl. (Despre animale) A bea apă. ♢ fig. A se adăpa la izvoarele ştiinţei sau ale culturii.[prez. ind. şi: adáp] – lat. adaquare. Trimis de ana zecheru, 09.08.2002. Sursa: DEX 98 ADĂPÁ … Dicționar Român
Adapa — [Babylonian.] n. 1. a demigod or first man: seed of mankind ; sometimes identified with Adam. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
ADAPA — Gallatiae forte oppid. apud Cedrenum. Eam Basilius Macedo Imperat. Multa vi, sed frustra oppugnavit. Zonar § Adata … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
ADAPA — This article describes ADAPA, a decision engine used to manage and design automated decisions systems. For the Babylonian and Summerian god of wisdom and of the ancient city of Eridu see Adapa. ADAPA is intrinsically a decision engine. It… … Wikipedia
Adapa — 1) A Mesopotamian folk hero whose exploits were similar to those of the legendary Babylonian king Gilgamesh. Like the latter, Adapa, who hailed from the city of Eridu, likely originated in Sumerian folklore, and his story then passed along to… … Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary
Adapa — Fertile Crescent myth series Mesopotamian … Wikipedia
Adapa — Sabio legendario de la ciudad sumeria de Eridu. Dotado de gran inteligencia por la diosa Ea, fue el héroe del mito sumerio de la caída del hombre (o la fallida búsqueda de la inmortalidad). Cuenta el mito que Adapa estaba pescando cuando fue… … Enciclopedia Universal
Adapa — A sage of Eridu, was initiated into wisdom by Ea although eternal life was withheld from him. Once, while fishing, the south wind capsized his boat, and in his fury he broke the wings of the wind, which ceased to blow. Anu summoned him to… … Who’s Who in non-classical mythology
Adapa — Ạdapa, Held eines akkadischen Mythos, in dessen Mittelpunkt die Sterblichkeit des Menschen steht. Adapa lehnt auf den Rat des Gottes Ea die ihm vom Himmelsgott Anu angebotene Speise des Lebens ab und versäumt so, Unsterblichkeit für sich und… … Universal-Lexikon