Abū Muslim


Abū Muslim
(d. 755) Leader of a revolutionary movement in Khorāsān whose efforts brought down the Umayyad dynasty.

Born into the mawālī (non-Arab Muslim) class and of humble origins, he met an agent of the ʽAbbāsid family while in prison (741). After his arranged release, he was sent to Khorāsān (745–746) to instigate a revolt. Recruiting from various discontented groups, he succeeded in overthrowing the last Umayyad caliph, Marwān II (750), and was rewarded with the governorship of Khorāsān. His popularity led the second ʽAbbāsid caliph, al-Manṣūr, to view him as a threat and have him put to death. See also Abbāsid dynasty.

* * *

▪ Muslim leader
died , February 755

      leader of a revolutionary movement in Khorāsān who, while acting as an agent for the ʿAbbāsid (Abbāsid Dynastyʿ) family, was instrumental in the downfall of the Umayyad caliphate and in placing the ʿAbbāsids on the throne.

      There are numerous versions of Abū Muslim's background, but it seems most likely that he was descended from a slave of Persian origin and was therefore a mawālī (non-Arab Muslim, accorded lowly status under the Umayyads). The emissary of the ʿAbbāsid imam, who was briefly incarcerated, met Abū Muslim while in prison (741) and later arranged for his release. Abū Muslim was instructed by the imam and then sent to Khorāsān (745–46) to instigate a revolt.

      Abū Muslim proved to be an energetic and capable leader. Overcoming the initial resentment caused by his obscure origin, he took advantage of the deep social divisions rife in Khorāsān, where the ʿAbbāsids had carefully intrigued and disseminated propaganda against the Umayyads for 20 years. Recruiting from various discontented or dispossessed social groups, Abū Muslim created a coalition of rebellious Arabs and Iranians; the distinctions between Arab and non-Arab were blurred as he managed to syncretize local tradition and Iranian culture with Islāmic religion.

      On June 15, 747, Abū Muslim raised the banner of revolution, and the revolt quickly spread throughout Khorāsān and to other provinces, with Abū Muslim as the chief military organizer. The revolt triumphed when the last Umayyad caliph, Marwān II, was defeated and killed (750) and as-Saffāḥ became the first ʿAbbāsid caliph (749). Abū Muslim was given the governorship of Khorāsān in reward for his services. The ʿAbbāsids still depended on him to keep order, and Abū Muslim served his patrons well by defeating both internal and external enemies.

      Although the ʿAbbāsids were in large part enthroned owing to Abū Muslim's military victories and political prowess, they became leery of a vassal with so much power and popularity. With the accession of the second ʿAbbāsid caliph (754), the morbidly suspicious al-Manṣūr, Abū (Manṣūr, al-) Muslim's downfall was certain. After having Abū Muslim quell an uprising led by a rebellious uncle, al-Manṣūr stripped away the governorship of Khorāsān from him. When Abū Muslim arrived at court, al-Manṣūr had him treacherously put to death, thus eliminating a potential rival for the throne. The unavenged death of Abū Muslim, already a legendary hero to the population, inspired many later uprisings and revolts.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abu Muslim — Chorasani (persisch ‏ابو مسلم خراسانى‎ Abū Muslim Ḫorāsānī, arabisch ‏أبو مسلم عبد الرحمن بن مسلم الخراساني‎; * nach einigen Quellen um 720 in Merw oder in der Umgebung von Isfahan; † 755 im Irak) war ein bedeutender Anführer der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abû Muslim — Abu Muslim Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Abû Muslim Al Khawlani (mort en 684) savant religieux musulman à Damas. Abû Muslim Khurasanî ou Abû Muslim Abd al Rahman ben Muslim al… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ABU MUSLIM — AB 樓 MUSLIM (mort en 755) Chef du mouvement révolutionnaire ‘abb side qui éclata dans le Khur s n en 747, Ab Muslim joue un rôle important dans la chute de la dynastie umayyade. Ab Muslim serait un esclave d’origine persane. Il entre au service… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abu Muslim — Abd al Rahman ibn Muslim al Khorasani, más conocido como Abū Muslim (700 755 d.C.) fue líder de un movimiento revolucionario en Jorasán, cuyos esfuerzos desarticularon a la dinastía de los Omeyas. Su nombre es árabe de “padre del musulmán, Abd al …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abu Muslim — (A. Moslen, A, Moslem), Ommajade, Feldherr des Abbassiden Ibrahim Ebn Muhammed, beförderte durch Besiegung des ommajadischen Heeres die Macht der Abbassiden, wurde 754 ermordet. Er ist auch merkwürdig als Philosoph, u. kann nach seinen Lehren als …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abu Muslim —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Abû Muslim Al Khawlani, mort en 684, savant religieux musulman à Damas. Abû Muslim Khurasanî ou Abû Muslim Abd al Rahman ben Muslim al… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abu Muslim — Ạbu Mụslim,   Führer einer Volksbewegung gegen die Omaijaden, ✝ (ermordet) Kufa Februar 755; ursprünglich wohl persischer Sklave, leitete seit 737 in Persien den Aufstand, der 749/750 den Abbasiden zum Thron verhalf; wurde danach Statthalter… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abu Muslim — (m. 755). Líder de un movimiento revolucionario en Jurāsān que derrocó la dinastía omeya. Nacido en la clase mawālī (musulmanes no árabes) y de origen humilde, conoció a un agente de la familia abasí mientras estaba en prisión (741). Después de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abu Muslim al-Austraili — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda David Hicks Obtenido de Abu Muslim al Austraili …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abu Muslim Khorasani — Infobox Person name = Abu Muslim Khorasani image size = caption = A sculpture of Abu Muslim Khorasani birth name = birth date = birth place = Balkh, Khorasan (today in Afghanistan) death date = death place = Iraq death cause = resting place=… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.