Ashmore And Cartier Islands


Ashmore And Cartier Islands
Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Introduction Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Background: These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority in 1931; formal administration began two years later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich and diverse avian and marine habitat; in 1983 it became a National Nature Reserve. Cartier Island, a former bombing range, is now a marine reserve. Geography Ashmore and Cartier Islands -
Location: Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, northwest of Australia
Geographic coordinates: 12 14 S, 123 05 E
Map references: Southeast Asia
Area: total: 5 sq km note: includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island water: 0 sq km land: 5 sq km
Area - comparative: about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 74.1 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 12 NM continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation territorial sea: 12 NM exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Climate: tropical
Terrain: low with sand and coral
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed location 3 m
Natural resources: fish
Land use: arable land: 0% permanent crops: 0% other: 100% (all grass and sand) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards: surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983 People Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Population: no indigenous inhabitants note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh waster at Ashmore Reef's West Island
Population growth rate: NA
People - note: the landing of illegal immigrants from Indonesia's Rote Island has become an ongoing problem Government Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Country name: conventional long form: Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands conventional short form: Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Dependency status: territory of Australia; administered by the Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services
Legal system: the laws of the Commonwealth of Australia and the laws of the Northern Territory of Australia, where applicable, apply Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of Australia) Diplomatic representation from the none (territory of Australia)
US:
Flag description: the flag of Australia is used Economy Ashmore and Cartier Islands -
Economy - overview: no economic activity Transportation Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only Military Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of Australia; periodic visits by the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Australian Air Force

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▪ islands, Indian Ocean
officially  Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands 

      external territory of Australia, in the Indian Ocean. The islands lie 200 miles (320 km) northwest of Western Australia state and some 105 miles (170 km) southwest of the island of Roti, Indonesia. The Ashmore Islands, comprising Middle, East, and West islands, are coral islets within a reef. Cartier Island, also lying within a reef, is sandier in composition. The islands and their surrounding waters were visited by Indonesian fishermen beginning about 1700. The first European to reach Cartier Island, in 1800, was a British sea captain named Nash, who sailed aboard the Cartier. Ashmore Reef was discovered in February 1811 by Capt. Samuel Ashmore of the ship Hibernia, for which another nearby reef was named. American whaling ships plied the area in the 1850s. Great Britain and the United States both claimed possession of the islands; Britain finally annexed Ashmore in 1878 and Cartier in 1909. In the late 19th century West Island was exploited for its deposits of phosphate, an activity that removed most of the island's topsoil. Britain gave the territory to Australia in 1933; it was administratively linked to the Northern Territory of Australia from 1938 until 1978, when administration passed to the national government. After the islands' natural resources had been exploited for a century, scientists began raising concern that the islands' bird and plant life was in danger of being overharvested. In the mid-20th century Australia and Indonesia negotiated an agreement formalizing the rights of traditional Indonesian fishers. Other agreements have addressed petroleum exploration and the protection of biodiversity. The islands are uninhabited except for seasonal caretakers; there is an automatic weather station on West Island. Australia administers the extraction of petroleum from undersea oil fields adjacent to the territory. Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve, with an area of 225 square miles (583 square km), was established in 1983. Cartier Island Marine Reserve, some 30 miles (50 km) to the southeast, was established in 2000; it has an area of about 65 square miles (170 square km). Most of the Ashmore Reef reserve is closed to visitors, as is all of the Cartier Island reserve.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands —   [ æʃmɔː ənd kɑː tjeɪ aɪləndz], unbewohnte Koralleninseln in der Timorsee, rd. 300 km vor der australischen Nordwestküste; Gesamtfläche 159 km2; automatische Wetterstation auf West Island. Die Inseln werden seit 1934 von Australien als externes… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Ashmore and Cartier Islands <p></p> Background: <p></p> These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority in 1931; formal administration began two years later …   The World Factbook

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — The Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands are two groups of small low lying uninhabited tropical islands in the Indian Ocean situated on the edge of the continental shelf north west of Australia and south of the Indonesian island of Roti at… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — Offizielle Flagge Karte der Ashmore und Cartier Inseln Die Ashmore und Cartierinseln [æʃmɔːɹ ] ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — n. Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands, islands in southeastern Asia in the Indian Ocean …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — /ˌæʃmɔr ən ˈkatiə/ (say .ashmawr uhn kahteeuh) plural noun a group of four uninhabited islands (Cartier Island and the three Ashmore Islands, being the three permanent dry land areas of the Ashmore Reef) in the Indian Ocean more than 500 km off… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Flora of Ashmore and Cartier Islands — The Flora of Ashmore and Cartier Islands consists of 16 families, 23 genera and 27 species. Four of these species are introduced and naturalised. In addition, two species have been introduced but not naturalised. The vegetation is dominated by… …   Wikipedia

  • East Island (Ashmore and Cartier Islands) — | url = https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the world factbook/geos/at.html | title = Ashmore and Cartier Islands | accessdate = 2007 11 12] the islet s gazetted name is, however, East Island .It has an area of around 25,000 square metres.… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashmore- und Cartier-Inseln — Offizielle Flagge Karte der Ashmore und Cartier Inseln Die Ashmore und Cartierinseln [æʃmɔːɹ ] ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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