Zululand


Zululand
/zooh"looh land'/, n.
a territory in NE Natal, in the Republic of South Africa.

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Historical region, eastern South Africa.

It was the home of the Zulu people when Chief Shaka established dominance over what is now KwaZulu/Natal. His state fought the Boers in the 1840s; it later lost parts of its territory to them. The British moved into nearby Natal and annexed it in 1843. The Zulu resisted British rule in 1878 but were overcome in 1879. The British made Zululand a crown colony in 1887 and annexed it to Natal in 1897. Under the apartheid system, a Bantu homeland named KwaZulu, composed of parts of the historical Zululand, was established for the Zulu in the 1970s. With the abolition of the apartheid system, KwaZulu in 1994 was reincorporated into Natal province, which was renamed KwaZulu/Natal.

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▪ historical region, South Africa
      historical region in the northeast section of present KwaZulu/Natal (KwaZulu-Natal) (formerly Natal) province, South Africa, and the home of the Zulu (q.v.) people.

      The Zulu belonged to the Mtetwa empire, under its leader Dingiswayo (reigned 1809–17). On Dingiswayo's death the Zulu leader Shaka (reigned 1816–28) established his people's dominance over their neighbours and, using a well-disciplined and efficient fighting force, conquered most of what is now KwaZulu/Natal. During the reign of Shaka's successor, Dingane, the Zulu empire was penetrated by the Boers, who formed an alliance with Dingane's brother, Mpande, and deposed Dingane in 1840. The state survived, but under King Mpande (1840–72) portions of Zulu (Zulu War) territory were taken over by the Boers and by the British (British Empire), who moved into Natal in 1838 and annexed it in 1843. War broke out when Mpande's successor, Cetshwayo, refused to disband the Zulu army and to place himself under British control in 1878. Despite stiff resistance, the British defeated the poorly armed Zulu in July 1879, occupied the remainder of their country, and divided Zululand into 13 small kingdoms.

      Zululand was made a British crown colony in 1887 under the Native Law of Natal, and rebellions were put down in 1888 and 1906. By the Natal Native Code of 1894, two-thirds of the Zulu's land was confiscated, and they were confined to native reserves. The incorporation of Zululand into Natal in 1897 ended its separate existence. Under the apartheid system, a Bantu Homeland (later called a black state) named KwaZulu was established for the Zulu in the 1970s and was composed of discrete areas of the historical Zululand. With the abolition of the apartheid system, KwaZulu in 1994 was reincorporated into Natal province, which was renamed KwaZulu/Natal.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Zululand — District Municipality Symbole …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zululand — • A territory in South Africa inhabited by the Zulus or Amazulus, who belong to the Bantu family Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Zululand     Zululand      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Zululand — Zululand, mit Tongaland zusammen Teil (Provinz) der brit. Kronkolonie Natal in Südostafrika, 27.064 qkm, (1898) 201.635 E.; gebirgig, fruchtbar und gesund. Z. wurde 1887 als brit. Kronkolonie erklärt (s. Zulukaffern), 1897 mit Tongaland vereinigt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Zululand — nom donné par les Anglo Saxons à l état zoulou que dirigea Chaka dans les années 1818 1828, au N. du territoire qui allait devenir le Natal. Enjeu d une guerre entre les Boers et les Zoulous, qui furent vaincus en 1838, il devint un protectorat… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Zululand —   [ tsuːluː , zuːluː ], Landschaft im Norden der Provinz KwaZulu/Natal, Republik Südafrika. Das nördlich des unteren Tugela sich erstreckende Hügelland mit üppiger subtropischer Vegetation war bis zum Beginn der Unterwerfung durch die Briten… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zululand — [zo͞o′lo͞o land΄] region in KwaZulu Natal province, South Africa: formerly a Zulu kingdom …   English World dictionary

  • Zululand — Zoulouland Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le Zoulouland (ou zululand) peut désigner : Le zoulouland en Afrique australe était une sous domination britannique (1887 1897) qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zululand — geographical name territory E Republic of South Africa in NE KwaZulu Natal bordering on Indian Ocean N of the Tugela area 10,362 square miles (26,838 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ZULULAND —    (181), a territory to the NE. of Natal, from which it is separated by the Tugela, and of which it was independent till 1898, but it is now an integral part; it is a little larger than Belgium, is well watered, is capable of cultivation, and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia


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