/zoh"ning/, adj.(esp. in city planning) of or pertaining to the division of an area into zones, as to restrict the number and types of buildings and their uses: zoning laws.[1810-20; ZONE + -ING2]
* * *Legislative method of controlling land use by regulating considerations such as the type of buildings that may be erected and population density.German and Swedish cities first applied zoning regulations in the late 19th century to address the problems of urban congestion and building height. The earliest U.S. zoning ordinances, which date from the beginning of the 20th century, were motivated by the need to regulate the location of commercial and industrial activities. In 1916 New York City adopted the first comprehensive zoning law; it and other early regulations were designed to protect property values and preserve light and air. Modern zoning regulations divide land use into three types: residential, commercial, and industrial. Within each designation, more specific aspects of development (e.g., building proximity, height, and type) are also determined. Zoning is often used to maintain the distinctive character of a town or city; an adverse consequence of such zoning is economic segregation. The Supreme Court of the United States ruled against such laws in 1977 when it declared the zoning regulations of one Chicago suburb discriminatory.
* * *▪ land usethe legislative method of controlling land use by regulating such considerations as the type of buildings (e.g., commercial or residential) that may be erected and the population density. Applied primarily to urban areas, it is accomplished by dividing land area into zoning districts, each having specific conditions under which land and buildings may be legally developed and used. In combination with other city-planning techniques, zoning is a major instrument for gaining greater physical order in cities.The earliest form of zoning was inspired by architectural and urban-design controls introduced in European cities toward the end of the 19th century. In accordance with long-established municipal powers, German and Swedish cities applied zoning regulations about 1875 to new land being urbanized around the older city cores as a way of controlling the heights and concentrations of buildings and avoiding problems of congestion. Much of the orderliness of German and Swedish cities and the consistent quality of building line and height is due to the early establishment of detailed zoning regulations and their widespread application at the time of major building activity growing out of the Industrial Revolution.Zoning in the United States, in contrast, has been more concerned with the social and economic function for which land is used rather than with architectural and site-planning criteria. The earliest U.S. zoning ordinances—around the turn of the 20th century—were motivated by the need for regulating the location of commercial and industrial activities.
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zoning — zon·ing n: municipal or county regulation of land use effected through the creation and enforcement of zones under local law Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. zoning … Law dictionary
Zoning — steht für: Zoning (Film), ein Film aus dem Jahr 1986 Zoning Resolution, eine Vorschrift für den Städtebau in den USA Zoning Resolution für New York City, die erste derartige Vorschrift für den Städtebau in den USA Diese … Deutsch Wikipedia
zoning — ● zoning nom masculin En Belgique, zone industrielle. zoning [zoniŋ] n. m. ÉTYM. 1934; mot angl., de zone « zone ». ❖ ♦ Anglic. ⇒ Zonage. || « Le zoning souterrain se fait sur trois niveaux » (le Mo … Encyclopédie Universelle
Zoning — On the Zoning Scheme of the General Spatial Plan for the City of Skopje, different urban zoning is represented by different color. Zoning is a device of land use planning used by local governments in most developed countries. … Wikipedia
zoning — The division of a city or town by legislative regulation into districts and the prescription and application in each district of regulations having to do with structural and architectural designs of buildings and of regulations prescribing use to … Black's law dictionary
zoning — A designation given to a particular geographic area by the local government to regulate the type of use and the density of development permitted for properties in that area. For example, areas may be zoned to allow only residential development.… … Financial and business terms
Zoning — Municipal or local government laws which dictate how real property can and cannot be used in certain areas. For example, an area zoned or specified as a commercial area cannot be used as residential and vice versa. These laws limit commercial use … Investment dictionary
zoning — The division of a municipality into districts for the application of municipal regulations. Miller v Board of Public Works, 195 Cal 477, 234 P 3 8 1, 38 ALR 1479, error dismd 273 US 781, 71 L Ed 889, 47 S Ct 460. The creation and application of… … Ballentine's law dictionary
zoning — n. exclusionary zoning * * * [ zəʊnɪŋ] exclusionary zoning … Combinatory dictionary
Zoning — Parc industriel Pour les articles homonymes, voir Parc (homonymie). Zone industrielle du port de Dakar. Un parc industriel ou zone industrielle … Wikipédia en Français