Zond


Zond
/zawnd/, n.
one of a series of Soviet space probes that photographed the moon and returned to earth.
[1964; < Russ: orig., surgical probe < F sonde SONDE; z- perh. due to G Sonde ( < F)]

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      any of a series of eight unmanned Soviet lunar and interplanetary probes. Zond 1 (launched April 1964) and Zond 2 (November 1964) were aimed at Venus and Mars respectively, but failed to send back data on the planets. Zond 3 (July 1965) transmitted closeup photographs of 3,000,000 square miles (7,800,000 square kilometres) of the lunar surface, including the hidden side, before going into solar orbit. Zond 5 (September 1968) became the first spacecraft to orbit the Moon and return to a soft landing on the Earth. Zond 6 through 8 (November 1968–October 1970) also made circumlunar flights; they carried biological specimens and transmitted photography of the Moon's surface.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zond 1 — Zond 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zond 2 — Zond 1 Zond 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zond 3 — Zond 1 Zond 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zond 4 — Zond 1 Zond 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zond 5 — Zond 1 Zond 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zond 6 — Zond 1 Zond 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zond 7 — Zond 1 Zond 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zond 8 — Zond 1 Zond 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zond 2 — Caractéristiques Organisation URSS Domaine Observation de Mars Masse 890 kg Lancement 30 novembre 1964 à 13:12:00 UTC du Cosmodrome de Baïko …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zond 2 — Zond 2, a member of the Soviet Zond program, was the fifth Soviet spacecraft to attempt a flyby of Mars. (See Exploration of Mars)Zond 2 carried a phototelevision camera of the same type later used to photograph the Moon on Zond 3. The camera… …   Wikipedia

  • Zond 8 — est une sonde spatiale de 5 375 kg du programme Zond, lancée par une fusée Proton le 20 octobre 1970 à 19:55:39 TU, puis expédiée vers la Lune à partir d une plateforme en orbite terrestre (Tyazheliy Sputnik) (70 088B). Les… …   Wikipédia en Français


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