Yuga


Yuga
/yoog"euh/, n. Hinduism.
1. an age of time.
2. any of four ages, the Satya, the Treta, the Dvapara, and the Kali, each worse than the last, forming a cycle due to begin again when the Kali has come to an end.
[1775-85; < Skt]

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Unit of the cosmic cycle in Hindu cosmology.

Each yuga is progressively shorter than the preceding one, corresponding to a decline in the moral and physical state of humanity. Four such yugas make up a mahayuga; 2,000 mahayugas make up the basic cosmic cycle, the kalpa. The first yuga was an age of perfection that lasted 1,728,000 years. The fourth and most degenerate yuga began in 3102 BC and will last 432,000 years. At the close of this yuga, the world will be destroyed, to be recreated after a period of quiescence as the cycle resumes.

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      in Hindu cosmology, an age of mankind. Each yuga is progressively shorter than the preceding one, corresponding to a decline in the moral and physical state of humanity. Four such yugas (called Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara, and Kali after throws of an Indian game of dice) make up the mahāyuga (“great yuga”), and 2,000 mahāyugas make up the basic cosmic cycle, the kalpa. The first yuga (Kṛta) was an age of perfection, lasting 1,728,000 years. The fourth and most degenerate yuga (Kali) began in 3102 BC and will last 432,000 years. At the close of the Kali yuga, the world will be destroyed, to be re-created after a period of quiescence as the cycle resumes again. In Hindu astronomy, a yuga is a unit of time consisting of five solar years.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yuga — [yoog′ə] n. [Sans yuga, an age, YOKE] any of the four ages or eras of the world according to Hindu religious writings, each period being shorter, darker, and less righteous than the preceding …   English World dictionary

  • Yuga — (sanskrit.), s. Juga …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Yuga — Yuga, im Sanskrit s.v.w. Weltalter, deren vier unterschieden werden, die etwa dem goldenen, silbernen, eisernen und ehernen Zeitalter der klassischen Völker entsprechen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Yuga — A Yuga (Devanāgari: युग) in Hindu philosophy is the name of an epoch or era within a cycle of four ages. These are the Satya Yuga (or Krita Yuga), the Treta Yuga, the Dvapara Yuga and finally the Kali Yuga, which are equated with the Roman Golden …   Wikipedia

  • Yuga — Ein Zeitalter ist ein längerer Abschnitt in der zeitlichen Betrachtung der Geschichte, der sich durch verbindende Merkmale auszeichnet. Oft wird der Begriff synonym zu Epoche gebraucht. In der Terminologie der Zeitrechnung steht jedoch der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yuga — En el marco del hinduismo, un iugá (‘era’ en sánscrito) es cada una de las cuatro eras en la que está dividido un majā iugá (‘gran era’). yuga, en el sistema AITS (alfabeto internacional de transliteración sánscrita). युग, en escritura devánagari …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yuga — Les quatre âges d un mahâyuga dans leur proportion 4:3:2:1 Un yuga (sanskrit en devanāgarī : युग) (ou youga) est un « âge » ou une époque dans un cycle de quatre yuga, Satya Yuga (ou Krita Yuga), Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga et Kali… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yuga —    In Hindu cosmology a Yuga, or “Age,” is the smallest unit of cosmological time. Four Yugas make up one MAHAYUGA, or Great Age: the Golden Age (KRITA, or Satya, YUGA), the Silver Age (TRETA YUGA), the Bronze Age (DVAPARA YUGA), and the Iron Age …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • yuga — noun In Hindu theology, an epoch or era within a cycle of four ages: the Satya Yuga (or Krita Yuga), the the Dvapara Yuga,the Treta Yugaand finally the Kali Yuga, with incremental lengths ranging from 432,000 to 1,728,000 years …   Wiktionary

  • yuga — ˈyu̇gə noun ( s) Etymology: Sanskrit, yoke, pair, race of men, age of the world more at yoke : one of the four ages of a Hindu world cycle each shorter and less righteous than the one preceding see dvapara yuga, kali yuga …   Useful english dictionary


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