yoke

yoke
yoke1
yokeless, adj.
/yohk/, n., pl. yokes for 1, 3-20, yoke for 2; v., yoked, yoking.
n.
1. a device for joining together a pair of draft animals, esp. oxen, usually consisting of a crosspiece with two bow-shaped pieces, each enclosing the head of an animal. Cf. harness (def. 1).
2. a pair of draft animals fastened together by a yoke: five yoke of oxen.
3. something resembling a yoke or a bow of a yoke in form or use.
4. a frame fitting the neck and shoulders of a person, for carrying a pair of buckets or the like, one at each end.
5. an agency of oppression, subjection, servitude, etc.
6. an emblem or symbol of subjection, servitude, slavery, etc., as an archway under which prisoners of war were compelled to pass by the ancient Romans and others.
7. something that couples or binds together; a bond or tie.
8. Mach. a viselike piece gripping two parts firmly together.
9. Also called fork. a forklike termination for a rod or shaft, inside which another part is secured.
10. a fitting for the neck of a draft animal for suspending the tongue of a cart, carriage, etc., from a harness.
11. a crosshead attached to the upper piston of an opposed-piston engine with rods to transmit power to the crankshaft.
12. (in an airplane) a double handle, somewhat like a steering wheel in form, by which the elevators are controlled.
13. Naut. a crossbar on the head of the rudder of a small boat, having lines or chains attached to the ends so as to permit the steering of the boat from forward.
14. See spreader beam.
15. a shaped piece in a garment, fitted about or below the neck and shoulders or about the hips, from which the rest of the garment hangs.
16. a horizontal piece forming the top of a window frame. See diag. under double-hung.
17. a Y-shaped piece connecting branch pipes with a main soil pipe.
18. Television. an electromagnetic assembly placed around the neck of a cathode-ray tube to produce and control the scanning motion of electron beams inside the tube.
19. Brit. Dial. (esp. in Kent)
a. the time during which a plowman and team work without stopping; a period of plowing.
b. a measure or area of land equal to over 50 but less than 60 acres.
20. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter Y.
v.t.
21. to put a yoke on; join or couple by means of a yoke.
22. to attach (a draft animal) to a plow or vehicle: to yoke oxen.
23. to harness a draft animal to (a plow or vehicle): to yoke a wagon.
24. to join, couple, link, or unite.
25. Obs. to bring into subjection or servitude.
v.i.
26. to be or become joined, linked, or united.
[bef. 900; (n.) ME yok(e), OE geoc; c. D juk, G Joch, ON ok, L jugum, Gk zygón, Hittite yugan, Skt yuga; (v.) ME yoken, OE geocian, deriv. of the n.]
Syn. 2. See pair.
yoke2
/yohk/, n.
yolk.

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      wooden bar or frame used to join draft animals at the heads or necks so that they pull together. In the early Middle East and in Greece and Rome, oxen and onagers were yoked across the horns or necks. Control of a team of yoked beasts was difficult. Furthermore, ancient yokes pressed against a hard-pulling animal's windpipe, choking it. The invention of the horse collar solved this problem and led to the replacement of oxen by horses. In some areas of the world, however, oxen still are yoked together much as they were in medieval Europe.

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Universalium. 2010.

Синонимы:

См. также в других словарях:

  • YOKE — (Heb. עוֹל). In the Bible The yoke was usually made from a circular wooden halter which was placed on the animal s neck, and harnessed to a plow, cart, or other vehicle. Pegs, two on each side, with the neck of the animal between them, were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yoke — (y[=o]k), n. [OE. yok, [yogh]oc, AS. geoc; akin to D. juk, OHG. joh, G. joch, Icel. & Sw. ok, Dan. aag, Goth. juk, Lith. jungas, Russ. igo, L. jugum, Gr. zy gon, Skr. yuga, and to L. jungere to join, Gr. ?, Skr. yui. [root]109, 280. Cf. {Join},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • yoke — [yōk] n. pl. yokes or yoke [ME yok < OE geoc, akin to Ger joch < IE * yugo (> Sans yuga, L jungere, jugum, Gr zeugma, Welsh iau, OSlav igo) < base * yeu , to join] 1. a wooden frame or bar with loops or bows at either end, fitted… …   English World dictionary

  • Yoke — Yoke, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Yoked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Yoking}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To put a yoke on; to join in or with a yoke; as, to yoke oxen, or pair of oxen. [1913 Webster] 2. To couple; to join with another. Be ye not unequally yoked with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • yoke — ► NOUN 1) a wooden crosspiece that is fastened over the necks of two animals and attached to a plough or cart that they pull in unison. 2) (pl. same or yokes) a pair of yoked animals. 3) a frame fitting over the neck and shoulders of a person,… …   English terms dictionary

  • Yoke — Yoke, v. i. To be joined or associated; to be intimately connected; to consort closely; to mate. [1913 Webster] We ll yoke together, like a double shadow. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • yoke — yoke, yolk A yoke is a wooden crosspiece of the kind fixed over the necks of work animals. A yolk is the yellow part of an egg (and is related to the word yellow) …   Modern English usage

  • yoke — [n] bondage, bond burden, chain, coupling, enslavement, helotry, knot, ligament, ligature, link, nexus, oppression, peonage, serfdom, service, servility, servitude, slavery, tie; concepts 513,677 yoke [v] bond together; join associate, attach,… …   New thesaurus

  • yoke — index bondage, curb, fetter, incorporate (include), join (bring together), lock, subjection …   Law dictionary

  • yoke — *couple, pair, brace …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Yoke — For other uses, see Yoke (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Egg yolk. Withers yoke A yoke is a wooden beam, normally used between a pair of oxen or other animals to enable them to pull together on a load when working in pairs, as oxen… …   Wikipedia


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