yeoman


yeoman
/yoh"meuhn/, n., pl. yeomen, adj.
n.
1. a petty officer in a navy, having chiefly clerical duties in the U.S. Navy.
2. Brit. a farmer who cultivates his own land.
3. Hist. one of a class of lesser freeholders, below the gentry, who cultivated their own land, early admitted in England to political rights.
4. Archaic.
a. a servant, attendant, or subordinate official in a royal or other great household.
b. a subordinate or assistant, as of a sheriff or other official or in a craft or trade.
adj.
5. of, pertaining to, composed of, or characteristic of yeomen: the yeoman class.
6. performed or rendered in a loyal, valiant, useful, or workmanlike manner, esp. in situations that involve a great deal of effort or labor: He did a yeoman job on the problem.
[1300-50; ME yeman, yoman, prob. reduced forms of yengman, yongman, yungman, with similar sense; see YOUNG, MAN1]

* * *

▪ English social class
      in English history, a class intermediate between the gentry and the labourers; a yeoman was usually a landholder but could also be a retainer, guard, attendant, or subordinate official. The word appears in Middle English as yemen, or yoman, and is perhaps a contraction of yeng man or yong man, meaning young man, or attendant. Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (late 14th century) depicts a yeoman who is a forester and a retainer. Most yeomen of the later Middle Ages were probably occupied in cultivating the land; Raphael Holinshed (Holinshed, Raphael), in his Chronicles (1577), described them as having free land worth £6 (originally 40 shillings) annually and as not being entitled to bear arms.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yeoman — is noun used to indicate a variety of positions or social classes. In the 16th century, a yeoman was also a farmer of middling social status who owned his own land and often farmed it himself; an equivalent in Germany is Freibauer ( freehold… …   Wikipedia

  • Yeoman (F) — was a rank in the U.S. Naval Reserve in World War I. The first Yeoman (F) was Loretta Perfectus Walsh. At the time, the women were popularly referred to as yeomanettes or even yeowomen , although the official designation was Yeoman (F). [Bishop,… …   Wikipedia

  • YEOMAN — YEOMA Nom ordinairement donné en Angleterre au paysan propriétaire, lorsque se développe la pratique de l’affermage des grands domaines. Surtout aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles, le terme de yeoman sert à désigner habituellement aussi les gros… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • yeoman — YÉOMAN s.m. 1. Servitor la o curte regală sau seniorială. 2. Subordonat, ajutor. 3. Om liber dintr o comunitate; (spec.) fermier liber, mic proprietar rural în Anglia. 4. Membru al unui corp de gardă englez. 5. (mar.) Ofiţer însărcinat cu… …   Dicționar Român

  • Yeoman — Yeo man, n.; pl. {Yeomen}. [OE. yoman, [yogh]eman, [yogh]oman; of uncertain origin; perhaps the first, syllable is akin to OFries. g[=a] district, region, G. gau, OHG. gewi, gouwi, Goth. gawi. [root]100.] [1913 Webster] 1. A common man, or one of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Yeoman — Yeoman, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 96 Housing Units (2000): 47 Land area (2000): 0.121930 sq. miles (0.315798 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.121930 sq. miles (0.315798 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Yeoman, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 96 Housing Units (2000): 47 Land area (2000): 0.121930 sq. miles (0.315798 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.121930 sq. miles (0.315798 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • yeoman — ► NOUN historical 1) a man holding a small landed estate; a freeholder. 2) a servant in a royal or noble household. 3) Brit. a member of the yeomanry force. ● yeoman service Cf. ↑yeoman service DERIVATIVES …   English terms dictionary

  • yeoman — [yō′mən] n. pl. yeomen [yō′mən] [ME yeman, prob. contr. < yengman, yung man, lit., young man] 1. [Brit. Historical] a) an attendant or manservant in a royal or noble household b) an assistant or subordinate, as to a sheriff c) a freeholder of… …   English World dictionary

  • Yeoman — [ˈjoʊmən] bezeichnet den englischen Freibauern im mittelalterlichen England. Später wurde der Begriff auch auf Pächter und kleine Grundbesitzer übernommen.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Begriff 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yeoman — (engl., spr. Johmänn), 1) im Mittelalter Jeder, welcher ein freies Landeigenthum besaß, ein Freisasse; jetzt 2) die kleinen Grundbesitzer u. Pächter, sie bilden in ihrer Gesammtheit die Yeomanry …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon