yellowwood


yellowwood
/yel"oh wood'/, n.
1. a tree, Cladrastis lutea, of the legume family, native to the southeastern U.S., having clusters of fragrant, white flowers and wood that yields a yellow dye.
2. any of several other trees having yellowish wood or yielding a yellow substance, as Podocarpus elongatus or P. henkelii, of Africa.
3. the wood of any of these trees.
[1660-70; YELLOW + WOOD1]

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tree
 any of about 100 species of coniferous evergreen timber trees and shrubs constituting the conifer genus Podocarpus (family Podocarpaceae). These are widely distributed in mountain forests of the Southern Hemisphere and occur as far north as Mexico, southern China, and southern Japan. Most have yellowish wood, occasionally brownish or reddish; they are often known locally as brown or black pines.

      Economically important members of the genus include the brown pine, plum pine, or yellow pine (Podocarpus elatus) of southeastern Australia; the black pine, or matai (P. spicatus), the kahikatea, or white pine (P. dacrydioides), the miro (P. ferrugineus), and the totara (P. totara), all native to New Zealand; kusamaki, or broad-leaved podocarpus (P. macrophyllus), of China and Japan; real yellowwood (P. latifolius), South African yellowwood (P. elongatus), and common, or bastard, yellowwood (P. falcatus) of southern Africa; plum-fir, or plum-fruited, yew (P. andinus) and willowleaf podocarpus, or mañío (P. salignus), of the Chilean Andes; and the yacca (P. coriaceus) of the West Indies.

      The name yellowwood also refers to a genus of flowering plants, Cladrastis, with about six species in the legume family (Fabaceae). One species, C. kentukea, grows in eastern North America, and the remaining species occur in East Asia. Plants of Cladrastis are medium-sized trees with usually smooth gray bark, deciduous pinnately compound leaves, and large pendant inflorescences of attractive white and yellow pealike flowers. Some members of the genus are cultivated as ornamental shade trees.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yellowwood — Yel low*wood , n. (Bot.) The wood of any one of several different kinds of trees; also, any one of the trees themselves. Among the trees so called are the {Cladrastis tinctoria}, an American leguminous tree; the several species of prickly ash… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Yellowwood — may refer to:* Podocarpus spp., a genus of conifers of the family Podocarpaceae * Cladrastis spp., a genus of trees in the family Fabaceae * Osage orange ( Maclura pomifera ), a fruit in the family Moraceae …   Wikipedia

  • Yellowwood — (engl., spr. jéllowudd), Nutzholz, s. Podocarpus …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • yellowwood — [yel′ō wood΄] n. 1. any of several trees yielding yellow wood, esp. 2. ☆ a) a white flowered leguminous tree (Cladrastis lutea) native to the SE U.S. b) SATINWOOD (sense 2b) 3. the wood of any of these …   English World dictionary

  • yellowwood — noun 1. the yellow wood of any of various yellowwood trees • Hypernyms: ↑wood • Substance Holonyms: ↑yellowwood tree 2. any of various trees having yellowish wood or yielding a yellow extract • Syn: ↑yellowwood tree …   Useful english dictionary

  • yellowwood — plačialapis podokarpas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Podokarpinių šeimos medieninis augalas (Podocarpus latifolius), paplitęs Afrikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Podocarpus latifolius angl. East African yellowwood; yellowwood; podo; South African …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • yellowwood — gopherwood gopherwood n. A small handsome round headed deciduous tree ({Cladrastis lutea}) having showy white flowers in terminal clusters and heavy hardwood yielding yellow dye; also called {yellowwood}. Syn: Kentucky yellowwood, {Cladrastis… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • yellowwood — kentukinis posnis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos dekoratyvinis augalas (Cladrastis kentukea), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Cladrastis kentukea angl. yellowwood; Kentucky yellowwood vok. Kentucky Gelbholz… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • yellowwood — noun Date: circa 1666 1. any of various trees having yellowish wood or yielding a yellow extract; especially a leguminous tree (Cladrastis lutea) of the southern United States having showy white fragrant flowers and yielding a yellow dye 2. the… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • yellowwood — n. any of several trees with a yellowish wood or producing a yellow extract; yellow wood of any of the yellowwood trees; small tree that has white flowers and heavy hardwood that produces yellow dye …   English contemporary dictionary