Yaqui


Yaqui
/yah"kee/, n., pl. Yaquis, (esp. collectively) Yaqui for 1.
1. a member of an American Indian people of Sonora, Mexico.
2. the Uto-Aztecan language of the Yaqui.
3. a river in NW Mexico, flowing into the Gulf of California. 420 mi. (676 km) long.

* * *

American Indian people living in southern Sonora state on the west coast of Mexico.

They were settled agriculturalists who offered stubborn resistance to the first Spanish invaders and only gradually came under mission influence. In the 19th century they fought against Mexican encroachment on their fertile lands, and they were finally quelled with difficulty in 1887. Thousands were subsequently deported. In the 1930s much of their land was returned to them. Irrigation projects have led to a shift from subsistence agriculture to cash cropping (wheat, cotton, and crops for vegetable oil). They number about 25,000 in Mexico and more than 9,000 in Arizona.

* * *

people
 Indian people centred in southern Sonora state, on the west coast of Mexico. They speak the Yaqui dialect of the language called Cahita, which belongs to the Uto-Aztecan language family. (The only other surviving speakers of the Cahita language group are the related Mayo people.)

      The Yaqui were, and in part remain, settled agriculturists, but they offered a stubborn resistance to the first Spanish invaders in the 16th and 17th centuries. They gradually came under mission influence and settled in church-centred communities, but in the 19th century Mexican encroachments on the fertile lands of their tribal territory led to a series of Yaqui uprisings that were finally quelled with difficulty by the Mexican Army in 1887. Thousands of Yaqui were deported, and the remainder were left greatly reduced in numbers by warfare and emigration. Much of the Yaqui's tribal lands were restored to them by the Mexican government in the 1930s, however. Since the 1940s, large irrigation projects using the waters of the Yaqui River have shifted the emphasis in Yaqui agriculture from subsistence crops of corn, beans, and squash to the growing of cash crops such as wheat and cotton, and the production of vegetable oils. The Yaqui are Roman Catholic, but the form of their worship is clearly influenced by aboriginal practices. The Yaqui numbered about 25,000 in the late 20th century, with several thousand also living in Arizona in the United States.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • YAQUI — De langue uto aztèque, les Yaqui sont largement dispersés dans l’État de Sonora, au Mexique (10 900 locuteurs recensés en 1990); la plus forte densité se trouve le long du fleuve Yaqui. On trouve aussi des Yaqui dans le sud de l’Arizona, en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Yaqui —   [ jaki], Gruppe der Südwest Indianer aus der Cáhita Gruppe der Uto Azteken. Die ursprünglich entlang dem Río Yaqui in Süd Sonora lebenden Yaqui wurden v. a. durch ihren wiederholten Widerstand gegen die spanische und mexikanische Regierung… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yaqui — [yä′kē] n. [Sp < Yaqui hiyak, pl. hiyakim, a self designation < name of a river in Yaqui territory ] 1. pl. Yaquis or Yaqui a member of a North American Indian people living in Sonora, Mexico 2. the Uto Aztecan language of this people …   English World dictionary

  • Yaqui — Yaqui, Fluß in Nordamerika, entspringt im Territorium Arizona in den Chiricahua Mountains, tritt nach 50 km in den mexikan. Staat Sonora, wo ihm aus Chihuahua ein zweiter Y. zugeht, der am Cerro Bufa (2380 m) entspringt, nimmt dann den Moctezuma… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Yaqui — Yaqui, 1) Fluß, so v.w. Hiaqui; 2) Indianerstamm, so v.w. Dschaqui …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Yaqui — (spr. jaki), Fluß im mexik. Staate Sonora, mündet südl. von Guaymas in den Kaliforn. Golf …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • yaqui — 1. adj. Se dice del individuo de un pueblo amerindio de la familia azteca que habita en el Estado mexicano de Sonora. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a los yaquis. 3. m. Méx. cahíta …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Yaqui — The Yoeme or Yaqui are a Native American tribe who originally lived in the valley of the Río Yaqui in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and throughout the Sonoran Desert region into the southwestern U.S. state of Arizona. The Yaqui call… …   Wikipedia

  • Yaqui — Yaquis  Cet article concerne le peuple yaqui. Pour la langue yaqui, voir Yaqui (langue). Indiens Yaqui Les Yaquis ou Yoeme sont des amérindie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yaqui — Die Yaqui sind eine indianische Ethnie Mexikos. Die Yaqui gelten als die indianische Gruppe Mexikos, die sich am militantesten und erfolgreichsten gegen die weißen Eroberer zur Wehr gesetzt und so Symbolcharakter für den indianischen Widerstand… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.