Wu


Wu
/wooh/, n.
1. a dynasty that ruled in China A.D. 222-80.
2. a Chinese language having several dialects, spoken widely in Anhwei, Chekiang, and Kiangsu provinces and including the dialect of Shanghai.

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I
Fundamental Daoist philosophical concept.

Wu ("not-being"), you ("being"), wuming ("the nameless"), and youming ("the named") are interdependent and grow out of one another. Wu and you are two aspects of the dao. Not-being does not mean nothingness but rather the absence of perceptible qualities; in Laozi's view, it is superior to being. It is the void that harbours in itself all potentialities and without which even being lacks its efficacy. According to the scholar He Yan (d. 249), wu is beyond name and form and hence is absolute, complete, and capable of accomplishing anything. See also Daoism.
II
(as used in expressions)
Kuang wu ti
Wu ch'ang
Wu han
Wu Zetian
Wu hou
Wu wang
Wu lu mu ch'i
Hung wu emperor
Wu su li Chiang
Wu Cheng'en
Wu Ch'eng en
Wu San kuei

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Universalium. 2010.


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