Woolwich


Woolwich
/wool"ij, -ich/, n.
a former borough of Greater London, England, now part of Greenwich and Newham: royal military academy and arsenal.

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      historic town in the borough of Greenwich, London. It lies on the south bank of the River Thames (Thames, River). Formerly a metropolitan borough of London, it was made part of the enlarged borough of Greenwich in 1965. It serves as the centre of local government for Greenwich.

      The site was occupied in ancient times; there is evidence of a Roman cemetery, and the place-name Uuluuich, from which Woolwich is derived, appears in legal records from 918 CE. Early in the 16th century Woolwich rose to prominence as a dockyard and naval station. In 1512–13 Henry VIII established a royal dockyard there to build the Henry Grâce à Dieu, or Great Harry, the flagship of his new navy. (In 1553 the ship was destroyed in a fire at the port.) Ships were built there for Sir Francis Drake (Drake, Sir Francis) and Sir Walter Raleigh (Raleigh, Sir Walter). Woolwich remained the chief dockyard of the British navy until the introduction of ironclad ships; the dockyard was closed in 1869.

      In 1805 a group of military establishments in Woolwich Warren became known collectively as the Royal Arsenal. The Royal Military Academy, begun in 1721 in the arsenal, was moved to Woolwich Common in 1808, into a building designed by the architect James Wyatt (Wyatt, James). Many of Britain's military leaders emerged from this institution, including Lord Kitchener (Kitchener, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl), Charles George Gordon (Gordon, Charles George), and Orde Charles Wingate (Wingate, Orde Charles). The academy was amalgamated with the Royal Military College at Sandhurst in 1947 to form the new Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. On Woolwich Common are the barracks and museums of the Royal Artillery; its Rotunda Museum of Artillery is housed in a building that was originally created as a tent in St. James's Park in 1814.

      About 40,000 workers were employed at the Royal Arsenal during World War II, but by the late 20th century much of the site had been turned over to housing development.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Woolwich — (spr. wúllitsch), Verwaltungsbezirk (metropolitan borough) im O. von London, rechts an der Themse, 14 km unterhalb der Londonbrücke, hat ein großartiges Arsenal mit Kanonengießerei, Werkstätten zum Bau von Fuhrwerken, Laboratorium, eine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Woolwich —   [ wʊlɪdʒ], Stadtteil von London, England, am Südufer der Themse, gehört zum Stadtbezirk (London Borough) Greenwich; überwiegend industriell geprägt. Bei Woolwich befindet sich das Sturmflutwehr Thames Barrier in der Themse.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Woolwich — (spr. Wullitsch), 1) Stadt an der Themse in der englischen Grafschaft Kent, 2 Meilen von London, mit diesem durch die London Gravesend Rochesterbahn verbunden; Flottenstation u. Mittelpunkt der gesammten englischen Artillerie; alle Waffenfabriken …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Woolwich — (spr. wullĭtsch), südöstl. Vorstadt Londons in der Grafsch. Kent, an der Themse, (1901) 117.178 E., Zentrum der gesamten engl. Artillerie mit großartigen Werkstätten (1902: 25.000 Arbeiter) und Militärakademie …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Woolwich — (Uulitsch), Stadt unterhalb Greenwich an der Themse, mit 25000 E., königl. Kriegsschiffwerste, ungeheurem Marinearsenal, Stückgießerei, Militärakademie …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Woolwich — infobox UK place country = England map type = Greater London region= London population= official name= Woolwich london borough= Greenwich constituency westminster= Greenwich and Woolwich post town= LONDON postcode area= SE postcode district= SE18 …   Wikipedia

  • Woolwich — 51.49610.068099999999987 Koordinaten: 51° 30′ N, 0° 4′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Woolwich — 51°29′20″N 0°4′5″E / 51.48889, 0.06806 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Woolwich — 1 Original name in latin Woolwich Name in other language Vulidzh, o ulica, wu li qi, Вулидж State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.491 latitude 0.0648 altitude 20 Population 0 Date 2010 10 17 2 Original name in latin Woolwich… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Woolwich — geographical name former metropolitan borough E London, England, now part of Greenwich …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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