witchweed


witchweed
/wich"weed'/, n.
an Old World parasitic plant of the genus Striga, introduced into the southern U.S.: a serious pest of corn and other grass crops.
[1900-05; WITCH + WEED1]

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plant
      any plant of the genus Striga in the family Orobanchaceae, including about 40 species of the Old World tropics and one species introduced into the southeastern United States. About 10 species are destructive as parasites on such crops as corn (maize), sorghum, rice, sugarcane, and tobacco.

      Witchweeds are branched herbs, 15 to about 75 cm (0.5 to 2.5 feet) tall, with opposite or alternate, usually narrow and rough or sometimes scalelike leaves. The two-lipped solitary flowers are red, yellow, purplish, bluish, or white. Witchweed seeds, minute and produced in great numbers, germinate when in contact with a host root. Roots of the parasite establish and maintain connection with the host. The first four to six weeks of the life cycle are spent underground, where the young plant is entirely dependent upon its host. After emergence the plant can photosynthesize its own food but takes water and minerals from the host. The parasite dies when its seeds mature or when the host is harvested. Host plants appear stunted and chlorotic (yellow), often showing signs of wilting; they may produce no yield, or their yield may be sharply reduced. Severe infestation may kill the host. Members of the genus Alectra, some of which parasitize legumes and tobacco in Africa and sugarcane in tropical America, are also sometimes called witchweeds.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • witchweed — noun Date: 1904 any of a genus (Striga) of yellow flowered Old World plants of the snapdragon family that are damaging root parasites of grasses (as sorghum and maize) and that include one (S. asiatica) which is an introduced pest in parts of the …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • witchweed — noun Any of several flowering plants, of the genus Striga, from Africa and Asia; some of them are parasitic to crops …   Wiktionary

  • witchweed — noun a small parasitic plant which attaches itself to the roots of maize, sugar, and other plants. [Genus Striga.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • witchweed — witch•weed [[t]ˈwɪtʃˌwid[/t]] n. pln any plant of the genus Striga, of the figwort family, parasitic on grasses and grass crops • Etymology: 1900–05 …   From formal English to slang

  • witchweed — /ˈwɪtʃwid/ (say wichweed) noun any of the semiparasitic plants of the genus Striga, family Scrophulariaceae, of Asia, Africa, and northern Australia. {witch1 + weed1} …   Australian English dictionary

  • witchweed — ˈ ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ noun Etymology: witch (II) + weed : any of a genus (Striga, family Scrophulariaceae) of hemiparasitic herbs with red or yellow irregular flowers; especially : one (S. lutea) that parasitizes corn in the southeastern U. S …   Useful english dictionary

  • Striga — ID 81415 Symbol Key STRIG Common Name witchweed Family Scrophulariaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution FL, NC, SC Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Striga (plant) — Taxobox name = Striga regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Lamiales familia = Orobanchaceae genus = Striga Striga , commonly known as witchweed, is a genus of 28 species [ Kamal I. Mohamed, Lytton John Musselman …   Wikipedia

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