/win toohn", win"toohn/, n.1. Also called Copehan. a small family of North American Indian languages of Penutian stock spoken in northern California and including Wintu and Patwin.2. Wintu.
* * *▪ peopleany of a number of groups of Penutian-speaking North American Indians originally inhabiting the west side of the Sacramento Valley in what is today California. Traditional Wintun territory was some 250 miles (400 km) from north to south and included stretches of the flanking foothills. Four primary linguistic groupings, each including a number of dialects, made up the Wintun population: the northern Wintun (Wintu), the central Wintun (Nomlaki), and the two subdivisions of the southern Wintun, the Hill and River Patwin. The Patwin are sometimes classified as a group separate from the Wintun.The elongated shape of Wintun territory made for considerable cultural diversity; before colonization by the Spanish, contacts with close neighbours to the east and west were more frequent for most communities than were those with other Wintun at the extremities of the territory. In the north, for instance, basketry was twined in the fashion of the Oregon Indians; in the centre it was intricately ornamented like that of the Pomo; and in the south it had mixed characteristics. Similarly, Wintun houses varied by region: River Patwin houses were earth-covered domes while Hill Patwin used conical bark structures and simpler thatched dwellings. The nature of the northern groups' houses is unknown. Wintun economies relied upon wild foods, including acorns, fish, and waterfowl. Not much is known of Wintun social or political organization, although the Patwin are known to have had a community chief with near-absolute power.Wintun religion was based on the belief in a single creator. The southern Wintun greatly influenced the development of the Kuksu cult, a religion of secret societies and rituals that spread to a number of California tribes. The cult's main purposes were to bring strength to young male initiates, to bring fertility to natural crops, and to ward off natural disasters.There were at least 12,000 Wintun before the Spanish colonization of California; epidemics of Old World diseases (to which the Wintun had no immunity) greatly reduced their numbers, as did violence resulting from California's mid-19th century gold rush. Wintun descendants numbered more than 3,800 in the early 21st century. Compare Pomo.
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Wintun — (also Wintuan, Wintoon) is the name generally given to a group of related Native American tribes who lived in Northern California, including the Wintu, Nomlaki, Patwin and Southern Patwin tribes. Their range was from approximately present day… … Wikipedia
Wintun — Distribución de los wintun antes de la llegada de los europeos. Los wintun son una tribu india del grupo penutíe, o según John Wesley Powell de la familia copehan. Su nombre significaba “pueblo”. Se dividía en cuatro grupo lingüísticos: Wintun… … Wikipedia Español
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Wintun — Habitat des Wintun à l époque de l arrivée des européens Wintun (ou Wintuan, Wintoon) est le nom que l on donne en général au groupe des tribus amérindiennes qui vivaient en Californie du Nord, parmi lesquelles on peut citer les Wintu, Nomlaki et … Wikipédia en Français
Wintun — noun 1. a member of a North American Indian people living in the Sacramento valley in California • Hypernyms: ↑Penutian 2. a Copehan language spoken by the Wintun • Hypernyms: ↑Copehan * * * /win toohn , win toohn/, n. 1. Also called Copehan. a… … Useful english dictionary
wintun — win·tun … English syllables
Wintun (langue) — Wintun Parlée aux États Unis Région … Wikipédia en Français
Wintun Glacier — Infobox Glacier | glacier name = Wintun Glacier caption = type = Mountain glacier location = California, U.S. coordinates = coord|41|24|19|N|122|10|53|W|type:glacier region:US CA|display=inline,title area = 0.5 miles² (1.2 km²) length = 1.3 miles … Wikipedia
Wintun Indian Creation Legend — The myth of this California tribe relates that Katkochila sent a great fire to burn up the earth to show his displeasure at the theft of his magic flute. Later, however, there was a great flood and the fire was put out … Who’s Who in non-classical mythology
Wintuan languages — Wintun Copeh Ethnicity: Wintun people Geographic distribution: California Linguistic classification: Wintun Subdivisions: North … Wikipedia