Winston-Salem


Winston-Salem
/win"steuhn say"leuhm/, n.
a city in N North Carolina. 131,885.

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City (pop., 2000: 185,776), north-central North Carolina, U.S. With High Point and Greensboro it forms a tri-city industrial area.

Salem was laid out by Moravian colonists in 1766. R.J. Reynolds founded his tobacco company there in 1875 (see R.J. Reynolds Tobacco). Winston was founded in 1849 and named for an American Revolutionary War soldier. The two towns were consolidated as Winston-Salem in 1913. Tobacco dominates its diversified industries, which include the manufacture of cigarettes, textiles, beer, rubber, leather, and petroleum.

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 city, port of entry, and seat of Forsyth county, in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, U.S. With High Point and Greensboro it forms the Piedmont Triad metropolitan area.

      Winston-Salem was created in 1913 from two towns originally 1 mile (1.6 km) apart. Winston, founded in 1849 as the county seat, was named in 1851 for Major Joseph Winston, a Revolutionary War hero. Salem (from the Hebrew shalom, meaning “peace”) was laid out in 1766 by Moravian (Moravian church) colonists in the centre of their Wachovia land tract; it was incorporated in 1856, when the land was sold to outsiders. Richard Joshua Reynolds founded his tobacco company there in 1875, and tobacco still dominates the city's diversified industry, which includes the manufacture of textiles, beer, food products, apparel, batteries, and swimming pool filters and pumps. In addition to manufacturing, Winston-Salem is a large financial centre with several banks headquartered there.

      The city is the home of Wake Forest University (1834), Salem College (1772), Winston-Salem State University (1892), Forsyth Technical Community College (1960), North Carolina School of the Arts (1963), and Piedmont Baptist College (1945). Old Salem, a replica of the original Moravian settlement, serves as an open-air museum, and Historic Bethabara Park is the site of the first Moravian settlement in the state. The Reynolda House Museum of American Art features American painting and sculpture from 1755 to the present in the former home of Reynolds. Hanging Rock and Pilot Mountain state parks are both just north of the city. Inc. city, 1913. Pop. (2000) city, 185,776; Winston-Salem MSA, 421,961; (2007 est.) city, 215,348; Winston-Salem MSA, 463,159.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Winston-salem — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Winston et Salem. Winston Salem …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Winston Salem — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Winston et Salem. Winston Salem …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Winston-Salem — Spitzname: Twin City, Camel City, Tre Four Skyline von Winston Salem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Winston-Salem — (Carolina del Norte) Bandera Sello de Winston Salem Sello …   Wikipedia Español

  • Winston-Salem — Winston Salem, NC U.S. city in North Carolina Population (2000): 185776 Housing Units (2000): 82593 Land area (2000): 108.850449 sq. miles (281.921357 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.783286 sq. miles (2.028702 sq. km) Total area (2000): 109.633735… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Winston-Salem, NC — U.S. city in North Carolina Population (2000): 185776 Housing Units (2000): 82593 Land area (2000): 108.850449 sq. miles (281.921357 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.783286 sq. miles (2.028702 sq. km) Total area (2000): 109.633735 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Winston-Salem —   [ wɪnstən seɪləm], Stadt in North Carolina, USA, im Piedmontplateau, 143 500 Einwohner; Wake Forest University (gegründet 1834), Winston Salem State University (gegründet 1892), privates College (Salem Academy, gegründet 1772), Museen; Handels… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Winston-Salem — [win′stən sā′ləm] [a merging of two towns, after Major Joseph Winston (1746 1815) & SALEM] city in NC N.C.: pop. 186,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Winston-Salem — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Winston et Salem. Winston Salem …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Winston-Salem — Original name in latin Winston Salem Name in other language Uinston Sejlem, Uinstun Sejlum, Vinston Salem, Vinston Sejlem, Vinstonas Seilemas, Winston Salem, Winston Salem, wen si dun sai lei mu, winseuteonseilleom, wynstwn salm, karwlayna… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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