Wilkes-Barre


Wilkes-Barre
/wilks"bar'ee, -bar'euh, -bair'/, n.
a city in E Pennsylvania, on the Susquehanna River. 51,551.

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      city, seat (1786) of Luzerne county, northeastern Pennsylvania, U.S. It lies in the Wyoming Valley and along the Susquehanna River, 18 miles (29 km) southwest of Scranton. Wilkes-Barre is the hub of a metropolitan district embracing more than 30 contiguous municipalities.

      Its permanent settlement began in 1769 when Major John Durkee, a veteran of the French and Indian War, settled a band of Connecticut colonists in the Wyoming Valley under grants issued by the Susquehanna Company. He named the town for John Wilkes (Wilkes, John) and Isaac Barré, British politicians who were defenders of the American colonies in Parliament. The community survived the Pennamite-Yankee Wars, fought (1769–84) between Pennsylvania and Connecticut settlers over rival land claims, and conflicts with the Tories (loyalist) and Iroquois Indians, which culminated in the slaughter of settlers in the Wyoming Massacre (July 3, 1778) during the American Revolution. The punitive American expedition of 1779, led by General John Sullivan (Sullivan, John) against the Iroquois, was formed at Wilkes-Barre. Further trouble between warring settlers occurred, but by 1805 Connecticut had relinquished all its claims.

      The major growth of the community came with the development of the coal industry in the early 19th century, which brought transportation facilities and an influx of European immigrants. Coal mining waned from the 1930s, and the city developed a highly diversified economy with manufactures including glass, boilers, toys, steel fabrications, airplane parts, and electronic equipment, including semiconductors. Wilkes-Barre is the seat of Wilkes University (1933), King's College (1946), and the Wilkes-Barre campus of Pennsylvania State University (Penn State Wilkes-Barre; 1916). Tablets mark the sites of Fort Wilkes-Barre, Forty Fort, and the Wyoming Massacre. Harveys Lake and resorts in the Pocono Mountains are nearby. A flooding of the Susquehanna River (caused by Hurricane Agnes) in 1972 resulted in widespread property damage. Inc. borough, 1806; city, 1871. Pop. (1990) city, 47,523; Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton MSA, 638,466; (2000) city, 43,123; Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton MSA, 624,776.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wilkes-Barre — Spitzname: The Diamond City, Flood City Blick auf Wilkes Barre Lage in Pennsylvania …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilkes-barre — Devise : « Pattern After Us » Surnom : La Cité Diamant Pays  États Unis État …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wilkes-Barre — Ciudad de los Estados Unidos Vista del centro de Wilkes Barre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wilkes-Barre — Wilkes Barre, PA U.S. city in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 43123 Housing Units (2000): 20294 Land area (2000): 6.848931 sq. miles (17.738648 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.331506 sq. miles (0.858597 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.180437 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Wilkes-Barre, PA — U.S. city in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 43123 Housing Units (2000): 20294 Land area (2000): 6.848931 sq. miles (17.738648 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.331506 sq. miles (0.858597 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.180437 sq. miles (18.597245 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Wilkes-Barre — [wilks′bar΄ē, wilks′bar΄ə, wilks′bar΄] [after WILKES John & Col. Isaac Barré, Brit officer] city in NE Pa., on the Susquehanna River: pop. 43,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Wilkes-Barre — 41° 14′ 40″ N 75° 52′ 41″ W / 41.24444, 75.878056 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wilkes-Barre — Original name in latin Wilkes Barre Name in other language AVP, Uilks Barre, Wilkes Barre, Уилкс Барре State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 41.24591 latitude 75.88131 altitude 172 Population 41498 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Wilkes-Barre — Sp Vilks Bãris Ap Wilkes Barre L JAV Luzerno apyg. c. (Pensilvanija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Wilkes-Barre — geographical name city NE Pennsylvania on the Susquehanna SW of Scranton population 43,123 …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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