Weihai


Weihai
/way"huy"/, n. Wade-Giles, Pinyin.
a seaport in NE Shandong province, in E China: district leased to Great Britain 1898-1930. 50,000; 285 sq. mi. (738 sq. km). Formerly, Weihaiwei /way"huy"way"/.

* * *

China
Wade-Giles romanization  Wei-hai , formerly  Weihaiwei 

      port city, eastern Shandong (Shantung) sheng (province), eastern China. It lies on the north coast of the Shandong Peninsula.

      Until the 14th century Weihai was no more than a minor fishing village, but in 1398, as part of the coastal defense policy against the raids of Japanese pirates, it became a military strongpoint (wei). It was fortified with walls almost 2 miles (3.2 km) in circumference, construction of which was carried out from 1403. The port has a fine natural harbour, surrounded by mountains some 1,300 feet (400 metres) high on the landward side and sheltered to seaward by Liugong Island. In the 1880s the island was developed into a naval base for the newly founded Chinese Beiyang (“North Ocean”) Fleet. Together with Port Arthur (Lüshun; now part of Dalian), in Liaoning province, to the north of Bohai Strait, it was to control the entrance to the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli). During the Sino-Japanese War (1894–95) the Japanese destroyed the remnants of the Chinese fleet there and took the base without difficulty. In 1898, when the Russians leased Port Arthur on the northern shore of the strait, the British forced the Chinese to lease them Weihai. Under the name Port Edward it remained a summer station for the British fleet until 1923 and enjoyed the status of a free port. Its communications, however, were poor, and its hinterland consisted of unproductive mountains, so it never flourished as a trading port. The British voluntarily relinquished their lease in 1930, after which Weihai reverted to Chinese administration. From 1938 to 1945 it was occupied by the Japanese. In 1949 it again became a base for the Chinese navy.

      In 1987 Weihai was designated by the national government as one of the "open" cities along the China seacoast that was encouraged to attract foreign investment. Since then, petrochemical, building-material, textile, and pharmaceutical manufactures, as well as various light industries, have been developed in the area; there are also aquaculture and food-processing operations. A branch rail line connects the city with the Lancun-Yantai line at Taocun and with the Jiaozhou-Jinan trunk line. Expressways to Yantai and Qingdao have been built. The city's airport provides scheduled flights to Beijing, Shanghai, and other Chinese cities as well as Hong Kong. Weihai seaport has direct navigation with dozens of domestic and foreign seaports. With its great natural beauty and pleasant environment, the Weihai area has become an ideal destination for tourists and recuperating patients. Pop. (2002 est.) 392,947.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Weihai — (zh cp|c=威海|p=Wēihǎi); known in the past as the Weihai Garrison (zh cp|c=威海衛|p=Wēihǎi Wèi) or Weihaiwei, and sometimes as Port Edward during the colonial period; is a prefecture level city in eastern Shandong province, People s Republic of China …   Wikipedia

  • Weihai — Wēihǎi · 威海 Pays Chine Statut administratif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Weihai — (chino: 威海, pinyin: Wēihǎi) es una ciudad portuaria en el Golfo de Bohai, en el noreste de la provincia de Shandong, en la República Popular China. Ocupa un área de 5.436 km² y tiene una población de casi 2.500.000 de habitantes (2004). La… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Weihai — (chino: 威海, pinyin: Wēihǎi) es una ciudad portuaria en el Golfo de Bohai, en el noreste de la provincia de Shandong, en la República Popular China. Ocupa un área de 5.436 Km2 y tiene una población de casi 2.500.000 de habitantes (2004). La… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Weihai — Lage Weihais in China Lage Weihais in Shandong …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Weihai — Original name in latin Weihai Name in other language Uy Hai, Uy Hi, Vehjkhaj, WEH, Wei hai shih, Wei hai wei, Wei hai wei shih, Weihai, Weihai Shi, Wej chaj, wei hai, wei hai shi, weihai si, wey hi, Вэйхай State code CN Continent/City… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Weihai — geographical name city & port E China in NE Shandong on Yellow Sea population 128,888 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Weihai — Wei•hai [[t]ˈweɪˈhaɪ[/t]] n. geg a seaport in NE Shandong province, in E China. 175,000. Formerly, Wei•hai•wei [[t]ˈweɪˈhaɪˈweɪ[/t]] …   From formal English to slang

  • Weihai — /weɪˈhaɪ/ (say way huy) noun a seaport in north eastern China, in Shandong province; leased to Great Britain as a naval base 1898–1930. Also, Weihaiwei …   Australian English dictionary

  • Weihai — /way huy /, n. Wade Giles, Pinyin. a seaport in NE Shandong province, in E China: district leased to Great Britain 1898 1930. 50,000; 285 sq. mi. (738 sq. km). Formerly, Weihaiwei /way huy way / …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.