warrant


warrant
warrantless, adj.
/wawr"euhnt, wor"-/, n.
1. authorization, sanction, or justification.
2. something that serves to give reliable or formal assurance of something; guarantee, pledge, or security.
3. something considered as having the force of a guarantee or as being positive assurance of a thing: The cavalry and artillery were considered sure warrants of success.
4. a writing or document certifying or authorizing something, as a receipt, license, or commission.
5. Law. an instrument, issued by a magistrate, authorizing an officer to make an arrest, seize property, make a search, or carry a judgment into execution.
6. the certificate of authority or appointment issued to an officer of the armed forces below the rank of a commissioned officer.
7. a warehouse receipt.
8. a written authorization for the payment or receipt of money: a treasury warrant.
v.t.
9. to give authority to; authorize.
10. to give reason or sanction for; justify: The circumstances warrant such measures.
11. to give one's word for; vouch for (often used with a clause to emphasize something asserted): I'll warrant he did!
12. to give a formal assurance, or a guarantee or promise, to or for; guarantee: to warrant someone honorable treatment; to warrant payment; to warrant safe delivery.
13. to guarantee the quantity, quality, and other representations of (an article, product, etc.), as to a purchaser.
14. to guarantee or secure title to (the purchaser of goods); assure indemnification against loss to.
15. Law. to guarantee title of an estate or other granted property (to a grantee).
[1175-1225; (n.) ME warant < AF; OF guarant < Gmc; cf. MLG warend, -ent warranty, n. use of prp. of waren to warrant; (v.) ME < AF warantir; OF g(u)arantir, deriv. of guarant; see GUARANTY]
Syn. 2. warranty, surety. 4. permit, voucher, writ, order, chit. 11. guarantee, attest.

* * *

In law, authorization in writing empowering a person to perform an act or execute an office.

Arrest warrants are necessary (except in certain circumstances) for an arrest to be considered legal. Search warrants entitle the holder to enter and search a property. Both are classes of judicial warrants. To obtain them, a complainant must provide an affidavit setting forth facts sufficient to satisfy the belief that a crime has been committed and that the accused is the guilty party (or, in the case of the search warrant, that the place to be searched will yield the expected evidence). Nonjudicial warrants include tax warrants (which provide the authority to collect taxes) and land warrants (which entitle the holder to a specific tract of public land).

* * *

law
      in law, authorization in writing empowering a person to perform an act or to execute an office. The term is applied to a great variety of documents, most commonly judicial or quasi-judicial warrants, of which the most common are for arrest or search.

      A warrant is necessary if an arrest is to be considered legal, except in situations in which arrest without warrant is recognized by law or statute (see arrest). In the ordinary case, the warrant is issued at the behest of a complainant who provides an affidavit setting forth facts sufficient to satisfy the belief that an offense has been committed and that the person accused is the guilty party. Usually the facts stated must be sworn to as within the direct knowledge of the complainant. Hearsay and facts stated on information and belief are generally not sufficient basis for issuing a warrant. The warrant must identify the person to be arrested, but, if the person's name is unknown, a fictitious name may be substituted (a so-called John Doe warrant); in such cases a physical description of the person is required. The legality of a warrant and, hence, of the arrest may be tested by a civil suit for false imprisonment or, in common-law countries, by a habeas corpus proceeding (see habeas corpus).

      The issuance of search (search and seizure) warrants is governed by many of the same limitations as the issuance of arrest warrants. The descriptions of the property to be seized or of the place to be searched must be so particular that the officer charged with the execution of the warrant will be left with no discretion. Statutes ordinarily define the types of property subject to seizure; many of them restrict these categories to such objects as stolen property, weapons, and gambling equipment. Other judicial warrants include escape warrants, issued for the recapture of escaped prisoners, and warrants of commitment, issued to incarcerate a prisoner either before or after trial.

      Other types of warrants include tax warrants, which provide the authority to collect taxes, and land warrants, transferable certificates issued by the government entitling the holder to a specific tract of public land.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • warrant — war·rant 1 / wȯr ənt, wär / n [Anglo French warant garant protector, guarantor, authority, authorization, of Germanic origin] 1: warranty (2) an implied warrant of fitness 2: a commission or document giving authority to do something: as …   Law dictionary

  • warrant — [ varɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1836; « mandat d amener » 1671; mot angl., a. fr. warant, forme dial. de garant ♦ Dr. comm. Billet à ordre souscrit par un commerçant et dont le paiement est garanti par un gage portant sur des marchandises (déposées dans un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Warrant — War rant, n. [OE. warant, OF. warant a warrant, a defender, protector, F. garant, originally a p. pr. pf German origin, fr. OHG. wer[=e]n to grant, warrant, G. gew[ a]hren; akin to OFries. wera. Cf. {Guarantee}.] [1913 Webster] 1. That which… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Warrant — has several meanings:* Warrant (law), a form of authorization, such as ** A writ issued by a judge. ** A certificate issued by the defense minister appointing a warrant officer. ** A Royal Warrant to supply goods or services ** A Warrant card is… …   Wikipedia

  • Warrant — War rant, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Warranted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Warranting}.] [OE. waranten, OF. warantir, garantir, guarantir, garentir, garandir, F. garantir to warrant, fr. OF. warant, garant, guarant, a warrant, a protector, a defender, F. garant …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Warrant — Жанры глэм метал AOR Годы 1984 настоящее время Страна …   Википедия

  • warrant — [wôr′ənt, wär′ənt] n. [ME warant < NormFr (OFr garant), a warrant < Frank * warand < prp. of * warjan; akin to OE werian, to guard, defend: see WEIR] 1. a) authorization or sanction, as by a superior or the law b) justification or… …   English World dictionary

  • Warrant — ist die englische Bezeichnung für Optionsschein die historische Bezeichnung für einen Lagerschein der Name einer US amerikanischen Glam Metal Band, siehe Warrant (US amerikanische Band) der Name einer deutschen Speed Metal Band, siehe Warrant… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Warrant — puede referirse a: Warrant, un activo financiero. Warrant, banda musical. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • warrant — ► NOUN 1) an official authorization enabling the police or some other body to make an arrest, search premises, etc. 2) a document entitling the holder to receive goods, money, or services. 3) justification or authority. 4) an official certificate …   English terms dictionary

  • warrant — /ˈwarrant, ingl. ˈwHrənt/ [vc. ingl., della stessa radice dell it. guarentigia] s. m. inv. nota di pegno, garanzia …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.