Vyborg


Vyborg
/vee"bawrg/; Russ. /vi"beuhrddk/, n.
a seaport in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, on the Gulf of Finland: formerly in Finland. 79,000. Swedish, Viborg. Finnish, Viipuri.

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Russia
formerly  (1919–40) Viipuri,  

      city, Leningrad oblast (province), northwestern Russia. The city stands at the head of Vyborg Bay of the Gulf of Finland, 70 miles (113 km) northwest of St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad). First settled in the 12th century, Vyborg was built as a fortress in 1293 by the Swedes after they had captured Karelia. In 1710 the fortress was captured by Peter I the Great, and Vyborg thenceforth remained under Russian rule. From 1918 to 1940 the city was part of Finland and held the name Viipuri, but it was ceded back to the Soviet Union in 1940 after the Russo-Finnish War. The city was occupied by Finnish and German forces from 1941 to 1944, after which it was permanently ceded to the Soviet Union. The city sustained severe damage during World War II but was subsequently rebuilt.

      Vyborg is an important fishing port and also has ship-repair yards. Its other industries include sawmilling, furniture making, and the manufacture of farm machinery and electrical equipment. Vyborg has cool summers and mild winters, and its beach resorts and health sanatoriums are popular attractions. Pop. (1991 est.) 81,100.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vyborg — [vē′bôrg] seaport in NW European Russia, on the Gulf of Finland: pop. 81,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Vyborg — This article is about the Russian town. For other uses, see Vyborg (disambiguation). Vyborg (English) Выборг (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Vyborg —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Viborg ville du Danemark Vyborg Выборг …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vyborg — Stadt Wyborg Выборг Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vyborg — Original name in latin Vyborg Name in other language Gorad Vybarg, Viborg, Viborga, Viborgas, Viburgum, Viiburi, Viipuri, Vimpornk, Vipuri, Vyborg, Vyborgas, Vborg, Vborg, Wiborg, Wyborg, biboleukeu, fybwrgh, viborgi, vuVyborgiborugu, wei bao,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Vyborg — or Finn Viipuri geographical name city & port W Russia in Europe on arm of Gulf of Finland; belonged to Finland 1917 40 population 81,100 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Vyborg — noun a city in Karelia (now part of Russia, in earlier times part of Finland), pop. 79,224 (as of 2002), also spelled Viborg …   Wiktionary

  • Vyborg — Viiburi (Estonian), Viipuri (Finnish), Viborg (Dutch, Romanian, Swedish), Vīborga (Latvian), Wiburg (German), Wyborg (Polish) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Vyborg — Vy•borg [[t]ˈvi bɔrg[/t]] n. geg a seaport in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, on the Gulf of Finland. 79,000 Finnish, Viipuri …   From formal English to slang

  • Vyborg — /ˈvɪbərk/ (say vibuhrk) noun a seaport in north western Russia, on the Gulf of Finland; formerly in Finland. Formerly, Viipuri. Swedish, Viborg …   Australian English dictionary


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