Vostok


Vostok
/vos"tok, vo stok"/; Russ. /vu stawk"/, n.
one of a series of Soviet spacecraft, carrying one cosmonaut, used to make the world's first manned spaceflights.
[1961; < Russ Vostók lit., east]

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Any of a series of six manned Soviet spacecraft launched from 1961 to 1963.

Vostok 1 (1961) carried the first human (Yury A. Gagarin) into space. Vostok 3 set a new time record in space of 94 hours. Vostoks 5 and 6 were launched two days apart and traveled very close together, at times only 3 mi (5 km) apart, setting the stage for future dockings between orbiting vehicles. The first woman in space, Valentina Tereshkova, flew aboard Vostok 6.

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▪ Soviet spacecraft
 any of a series of manned Soviet spacecraft, the initial flight of which carried the first human being into space. Launched on April 12, 1961, Vostok 1, carrying cosmonaut Yury A. Gagarin (Gagarin, Yury Alekseyevich), made a single orbit of the Earth before reentry. The Vostok series included six launchings over a two-year period (1961–63). While the first flight lasted only 1 hour and 48 minutes, the second, Vostok 2 (Aug. 6, 1961), remained in space more than 25 hours, making 17 orbits around the Earth. The remaining Vostok missions were launched in pairs. Vostok 3 and Vostok 4 were both launched on Aug. 11, 1962, and orbited in sight of each other. Vostok 3 set a new time record in space of 94 hours and traveled more than 1,600,000 miles (2,560,000 km) in Earth orbit.

      The final two missions in the Vostok series included the participation of the first woman cosmonaut. Vostok 5 lifted off on June 14, 1963, followed two days later by Vostok 6 carrying Valentina V. Tereshkova (Tereshkova, Valentina). These Vostok flights were notable in that the two spacecraft traveled so close together (at times only 3 miles [4.8 km] apart), setting the stage for future space dockings between orbiting vehicles.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Vostok — ( ru. Восток, translated as East ) may refer to one of the following.;Spaceflight * The Soviet Vostok programme of human spaceflight. * The Vostok spacecraft used in that programme and also the basis of a reconnaissance satellite. * The Vostok… …   Wikipedia

  • Vostok 5 — Données de la mission Vaisseau Vostok Équipage 1 homme Date de lancement 14 juin 1963 à 11:58:58 UTC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vostok — (del ruso: Восток, traducido como Este) hace referencia a lo siguiente: En vuelos espaciales Programa Vostok, las misiones Vostok pusieron a seis cosmonautas soviéticos en órbita alrededor de la Tierra. La nave espacial Vostok, utilizada en el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vostok 3 — Données de la mission Vaisseau Vostok Équipage 1 homme Date de lancement 11 août 1962 à 08:30 UTC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vostok 4 — Données de la mission Vaisseau Vostok Équipage 1 homme Date de lancement 12 août 1962 à 08:02:33 UTC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vostok 6 — Données de la mission Vaisseau Vostok Équipage 1 femme Date de lancement 16 juin 1963 à 09:29:52 UTC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vostok 1 — Insignia de la misión Datos de la misión Nombre: Vostok 1 Nombre clave: Кедр (Kedr Cedro) Número de tripulantes …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vostok 2 — Données de la mission Vaisseau Vostok Équipage 1 homme Date de lancement 6 août 1961 à 05:00 UTC Site de lancement Baïkonour LC1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vostok 1 — Vostok I fue la primera misión del programa Vostok, el primer proyecto tripulado del programa espacial soviético. El cosmonauta fue Yuri Gagarin, que se hizo con este vuelo el primer hombre en el espacio. La nave fue lanzada del Cosmódromo de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vostok 6 — (en ruso Восток 6) cosmonave tripulada, la última (tripulada) del programa Vostok (que en ruso significa Este ) …   Enciclopedia Universal


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