Vinaya Pitaka


Vinaya Pitaka
/vin"euh yeuh/, Buddhism.
See under Pali Canon.

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Oldest and smallest division of the Tripitaka.

It lays out the 227 rules of monastic life for bhiksus, along with an account of the occasion that led the Buddha to formulate the rule. It varies less from school to school than does the Sutta Pitaka or the Abhidhamma Pitaka. It includes an exposition of the rules, which are divided into classes according to the severity of the punishment for breaking them; texts that deal with such matters as admission to and expulsion from the order; and a classified digest of the rules in the other Vinaya texts.

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▪ Buddhist canon
      (Pāli and Sanskrit: “Basket of Discipline”), the oldest and smallest of the three sections of the Buddhist canonical Tipiṭaka (“Triple Basket”) and the one that regulates monastic life and the daily affairs of monks and nuns according to rules attributed to the Buddha. It varies less from school to school than does either the Sutta (discourses of the Buddha and his disciples) or Abhidhamma (scholastic) sections of the canon, and the rules themselves are basically the same even for Mahāyāna schools, although some of the latter greatly extended the accompanying narrative and commentarial material. Three works comprise the Pāli Vinaya:

      1. Sutta-vibhaṅga (“Classification of the Suttas”; corresponds to Vinaya-vibhaṅga in Sanskrit), an exposition of the monastic rules ( pātimokkha, q.v.) and the disciplinary actions prescribed for each offense, arranged according to severity—from transgressions requiring expulsion from the order to those needing only to be confessed—plus minor rules of conduct. Each rule is accompanied by (a) the story of the incident that first prompted the Buddha's ruling, (b) an early word-for-word commentary on the rules, and (c), in some instances, a later discussion of exceptions.

      2. Khandhaka (“Divisions”; Sanskrit Vinaya-vastu, “Vinaya Subjects”), a series of 22 pieces (at least in the Pāli version) dealing with such matters as admission to the order; monastic ceremonies; rules governing food, clothing, lodging, and the like; and procedures for handling offenses and disputes. As in the Sutta-vibhaṅga, an account is given of the occasion when each regulation was formulated by the Buddha. The arrangement is chronological, and stories of major events are included, thus providing a picture of the evolving life of the early monastic community.

      3. Parivāra (“Appendix”), a classified digest of the rules in the other Vinaya texts, apparently confined to the Theravāda school.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vinaya pitaka — Le Vinaya Pitaka (sanscrit et pali), « La corbeille de la discipline », est la première des trois divisions du canon pali (Tipitaka) sur laquelle se base le courant bouddhiste theravada. Elle traite du vinaya (discipline monastique) et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vinaya-pitaka — es la primera división del Tipitaka o Canon Pali, la cual constituye el soporte de la vida monástica del Sangha. Incluye las reglas que regulan la vida de los monjes (bhikkhus) y las monjas (bhikkhunis) pero también contiene los procedimientos de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vinaya Pitaka — The IAST|Vinaya Piṭaka is a Buddhist scripture, one of the three parts that make up the Tripitaka. Its primary subject matter is the monastic rules for monks and nuns. The name IAST|Vinaya Piṭaka ( IAST|vinayapiṭaka ) is the same in Pāli,… …   Wikipedia

  • Vinaya Pitaka — Le Vinaya Pitaka (sanskrit et pali), « La corbeille de la discipline », est la première des trois divisions du canon pali (Tipitaka) sur laquelle se base le courant bouddhiste theravada. Elle traite du vinaya (discipline monastique) et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vinaya pitaka — La colección de escritos más antigua y pequeña del Tripitaka. Enuncia las 227 reglas de la vida monástica de los bhikkus, y las razones que llevaron a Buda a formularlas. A diferencia del Sutta pitaka o el Abhidarma pitaka, varía menos de una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • VINAYA-PITAKA —    the first of Three SACRED books of BUDDHIST SCRIPTURES which is principally concerned with questions of DISCIPLINE and the rules of Monastic life …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Vinaya Pitaka — /vin euh yeuh/, Buddhism. See under Pali Canon …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vinaya — Der Vinayapitaka, auch Vinaya Pitaka, (Pali und Sanskrit, wörtlich Korb der Disziplin) ist eine Sammlung von buddhistischen Ordensregeln. Er bildet die erste Abteilung ( Korb der Ordensregeln ) des Pali Kanon (Tipitaka, Dreikorb ). Er ist die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vinaya — Le Vinaya, « discipline » en pali et sanskrit (ch : jièlǜ 戒律 ; ja : kairitsu 戒律 ; ti : dulwa ou‘dul ba), est le corpus de textes bouddhiques ayant trait aux pratiques de la communauté monastique ou sangha noble …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vinaya — Este artículo o sección sobre historia e idiomas necesita ser wikificado con un formato acorde a las convenciones de estilo. Por favor, edítalo para que las cumpla. Mientras tanto, no elimines este aviso puesto el 1 de diciembre de 2007. También… …   Wikipedia Español


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