/vee"euh/; Sp. /bee"yah/, n.Francisco /frddahn sees"kaw/, (Doroteo Arango, "Pancho Villa"), 1877-1923, Mexican general and revolutionist.
* * *ICountry estate, complete with house, grounds, and subsidiary buildings.The term particularly applies to the suburban summer residences of the ancient Romans and their later Italian imitators. Roman villas frequently were asymmetrical in plan and built with elaborate terracing on hillsides; they had long colonnades, towers, gardens with reflecting pools and fountains, and extensive reservoirs. In Britain the term has come to mean a small detached or semidetached suburban home. See also Hadrian's Villa, Andrea Palladio.II(as used in expressions)Hadrian's VillaVilla PanchoVilla Lobos Heitor
* * *▪ dwellingcountry estate, complete with house, grounds, and subsidiary buildings. The term villa particularly applies to the suburban summer residences of the ancient Romans and their later Italian imitators. In Great Britain the word has come to mean a small detached or semidetached suburban home. In the United States it generally refers to a sumptuous suburban or country residence.Many villas existed throughout the Roman Empire (ancient Rome), and references to them are common in the works of Roman writers, especially Cicero (Cicero, Marcus Tullius), who had seven villas, and Pliny the Younger, who described at great length in his letters his villas in Tuscany and near Laurentum. The Italian countryside is dotted with ruins of innumerable villas. The most famous of these is Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli (c. AD 120–130), which was a sumptuous imperial residence with parks and gardens on a grand scale. The uneven terrain made necessary large flights of steps and terraces. The buildings, which covered an area about 2 miles (3 km) in length, were echoes of celebrated structures the emperor had seen in his travels.Roman villas frequently were asymmetrical in plan and were built with elaborate terracing on hillsides; they had long colonnades, towers, fine water gardens with reflecting pools and fountains, and extensive reservoirs for water supply. According to Pliny there were two kinds of villas, the villa urbana, which was a country seat with city comforts, and the villa rustica, the farmhouse in which the principal room was the kitchen, with the bakery and stables beyond, and room for winepresses, oil presses, hand mills, and so on.During the Middle Ages villas were abandoned, and in some places castles and monasteries were built in and on top of them. The great Renaissance villas were also occasionally built on their ruins and frequently used some of the better-preserved remains as models. This influence is evident in the Villa Madama (c. 1520) just outside Rome, designed by Raphael, and in Pirro Ligorio's Casino of Pius IV (c. 1558–62) in the Vatican gardens. Renaissance villas sought, however, greater symmetry than those of antiquity, and the houses were less rambling (frequently being remodeled castles, especially in Tuscany), though the gardens were often even more elaborate. In fact, the garden often became the principal element in the 16th- and 17th-century villa, as in the Villa d'Este in Tivoli (1550), also designed by Ligorio. Other important examples include the Villa di Papa Giulio (1550) in Rome and the Villa Farnese (1559–73) at Caprarola, both by Giacomo da Vignola; the Villa Aldobrandini (1598–1603) at Frascati; the Villa Barberini at Castel Gandolfo (on the site of a villa of the emperor Domitian); the Boboli Gardens (begun 1550) in Florence; the Villa Barbaro (1555–59) at Maser in the Veneto and the Villa Rotonda (1550–51) by Andrea Palladio; and the villas Borghese (1613–16), Medici (c. 1540), and Doria Pamphili (1650) in Rome. By the 18th and 19th centuries, villas in Italy were less extensive, though fine ones continued to be built, especially in the Piedmont, Lombardy, the Venetia, and around Rome and Naples.In the mid-19th century eclectic Romantic (Romanticism) architects often adopted a modified Italian villa style as a model for country and town houses in Germany, England, and the United States. These were usually characterized by flat roofs, broadly projecting eaves supported on brackets, square towers, and arcaded or colonnaded piazzas.
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См. также в других словарях:
Villa — Villa … Deutsch Wörterbuch
villa — [ villa ] n. f. • 1743; mot it. « ferme, maison de campagne », mot lat.→ ville 1 ♦ Riche maison de plaisance en Italie. La villa Médicis. 2 ♦ (1827) Maison moderne de plaisance ou d habitation, avec un jardin. ⇒région. camp. Se faire construire… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Villa 21-24 — NHT Zavaleta Datos Población 45.285 hab. Superficie 65,84 ha … Wikipedia Español
Villa 26 — sobre el Riachuelo, vista desde el puente Bosch. La Villa 26, también conocida como Villa Riachuelo, es una villa de emergencia ubicada en el margen norte del Riachuelo, en la ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Esta villa de emergencia no debe… … Wikipedia Español
Villa — Sf vornehmes Haus std. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus it. villa, dieses aus l. vīlla Landhaus, Landgut . Ebenso nndl. villa, ne. villa, nfrz. villa, nschw. villa, nisl. villa; Weiler. ✎ DF 6 (1983), 187f. italienisch l … Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache
Villa 17 — (Гашум,Австрия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Innere Gosta 17, 6793 Гашум, Австрия … Каталог отелей
villa — (Del lat. villa). 1. f. Casa de recreo situada aisladamente en el campo. 2. Población que tiene algunos privilegios con que se distingue de las aldeas y lugares. 3. consistorio (ǁ corporación municipal). 4. casa consistorial. 5. Arg. villa… … Diccionario de la lengua española
Villa C — (Бурж,Франция) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 20 Avenue Henri Laudier, 18000 Бур … Каталог отелей
Villa 2 — (Coggia,Франция) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 20118 Coggia, Франция … Каталог отелей
Villa Ro-Ci I — (Сан Карлос де Барилоче,Аргентина) Категория отеля: Адрес: Lagos de Sur 240, R8402CVF … Каталог отелей
Villa 1 — (Sagone,Франция) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 20118 Sagone, Франция … Каталог отелей